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HINDUISM

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HINDUISM No formal founder No formal church roots lie in the beliefs and practices of the ancient Aryans Hindu-Kush Mtns crossed thru the Khyber Pass into South Asia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HINDUISM


1
HINDUISM
  • No formal founder
  • No formal church
  • roots lie in the beliefs and practices of the
    ancient Aryans
  • Hindu-Kush Mtns
  • crossed thru the Khyber Pass into South Asia from
    Caucasus Mtns
  • brought Hindu beliefs

Khyber Pass
2
ARYAN Culture
  • migration took 100s of years
  • invented Chariots
  • brought Hinduism
  • developed Sanskrit
  • INDRA warrior god
  • also farmers herders
  • cattle as wealth
  • Rajahs hereditary chiefs that rule the villages

3
Aryan Migration into South Asia
4
SACRED TEXTS
  • VEDAS contain eternal truths that were revealed
    to wise men
  • ca. 6000 - 1500 BCE
  • contain hymns, incantations, and rituals from
    ancient India
  • give a unique view of everyday life in India four
    thousand years ago
  • 4 VEDAS
  • RIG VEDA oldest
  • YAJUR VEDA
  • SAMA VEDA
  • ATHARVA VEDA

5
SACRED TEXTS
  • UPANISHADS helps to explain the Vedas
  • the Epics -
  • Mahabharata the great story
  • longest written story
  • 100,000 verses
  • poem _at_ 12 yr war btwn two royal families
  • Bhagavad Gita song of God
  • Ramayana Ramas Way
  • to avoid war, Rama places himself in exile, thus
    not becoming heir to the throne
  • written in SANSKRIT

6
The CASTE SYSTEM
  • Varna means color
  • suggest that caste was first determined by skin
    color
  • Brahmins
  • priests
  • Kshatriyas
  • warriors, rulers
  • Vaisyas
  • landowners, merchants, herders
  • Sudras
  • servants, peasants
  • UNTOUCHABLES

7
The CASTE SYSTEM
  • Varna means color
  • suggest that caste was first determined by skin
    color
  • ______________________
  • priests
  • ______________________
  • warriors, rulers
  • ______________________
  • landowners, merchants, herders
  • ______________________
  • servants, peasants
  • ______________________
  • So low, not part o/t caste system

8
Harijans (Untouchables or Dalits)
  • Considered to by so lowly that
  • they do not have a caste.
  • Perform the despicable tasks like killing
    animals, tanning hides, sweeping and cleaning.
  • Gandhi called them the children of God
  • 1950 Indian Constitution abolished
    untouchabilitybut still exists

9
4 Principles of Hinduism
  • Dharma duties responsibilities according to
    ones caste.
  • Karma ones actions in this life, will effect
    the next lives (vice-versa)
  • Samsara Wheel of Life
  • birth, disease, death, rebirth
  • aka? _____________________
  • Moksha
  • Hindu enlightenment
  • escape fm Samsara
  • becomes one w/ Brahman

10
4 Principles of Hinduism
  • _______________ duties responsibilities
    according to ones caste.
  • _______________ ones actions in this life, will
    effect the next lives (vice-versa)
  • ____________ Wheel of Life
  • birth, disease, death, rebirth
  • aka? _____________________
  • ______________________
  • Hindu enlightenment
  • escape fm Samsara
  • becomes one w/ Brahman

11
The HINDU TRINITY
  • Brahma Creator God
  • all other gods come from Brahma
  • Monist
  • Vishnu Preserver God
  • ten avatars incarnations
  • returns to earth as avatars to bring
    justice/balance
  • Shiva Destroyer God
  • The Cosmic Dance
  • equivalent to the oscillating universe theory

12
The HINDU TRINITY
  • ___________ Creator God
  • all other gods come from Brahma
  • Monist
  • _________ Preserver God
  • ten avatars incarnations
  • returns to earth as avatars to bring
    justice/balance
  • _________ Destroyer God
  • The Cosmic Dance
  • equivalent to the oscillating universe theory

13
Hindu Religious Symbols
  • Sri Yantra
  • symbol of spiritual evolution
  • focal point for meditation
  • This form is the geometric expression of
    the divine sound of creation... OM
  • OM or AUM
  • Main symbol of Hinduism
  • visual and verbal expression of god
  • transcend ones thoughts merge w/ god.
  • a beginning
  • u progress
  • m dissolution
  • reflects the POWER responsible for creation,
    development and destruction of the universe

14
Hindu Religious Symbols
  • ____________________
  • symbol of spiritual evolution
  • focal point for meditation
  • This form is the geometric expression of
    the divine sound of creation... OM
  • _____________________
  • Main symbol of Hinduism
  • visual and verbal expression of god
  • transcend ones thoughts merge w/ god.
  • a beginning
  • u progress
  • m dissolution
  • reflects the POWER responsible for creation,
    development and destruction of the universe

15
SHIVA
  • The Destroyer God
  • The Cosmic Dance
  • the dance of Shiva symbolizes the creation and
    destruction of the universe
  • equivalent to the oscillating universe theory
  • pg. 241
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