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India Inc In Downturn

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Title: India Inc In Downturn


1
India Inc In Downturn
  • A Student Perspective

2
Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a
follower. - Steve Jobs
3
(No Transcript)
4
Innovation
5
Some factors leading to the evolution of
Innovation during recession
  • Change in consumer mindset
  • Effects on various
  • brands

Source Stephen M.Shapiro 24/7 Innovation
6
Initiative taken at our institute
Mayur Gupta, a student of 2009 pass out batch of ABV-IIITM Gwalior developed a speech recognition software for the aid of farmers. Project Work Time Acknowledgement Company
7
Work Done at our Institute
Innovation removes internal weaknesses
Innovation removes strategical weaknesses
Innovation removes environmental weaknesses
Successful steer through the downturn
Source C Innovation Hierarchy, A Model for
creating an innovative organization Ayush Jain,
a student of 2010 batch, ABV-IIITM, Gwalior
8
Creating an innovative organization C
Innovation Hierarchy
Environmental weaknesses
Strategical weaknesses
Internal weaknesses
Source C Innovation Hierarchy A Model for
creating an innovative organization, Ayush Jain,
a student of 2010 batch, ABV-IIITM, Gwalior
9
(No Transcript)
10
Reasons for Isolation Financial Regulations
  • Indian Scenario
  • US Scenario
  • Incremental credit deposit ratio of banks
  • Both on and off balance sheet items taken into
    account
  • Channelizing money supply Eg Real Estate
    Sector
  • Total dependency on wholesale funds
  • Off balance sheet items not considered
  • Real Estate allowed to grow

11
Financial Regulations
Reasons for Isolation Financial Regulations
  • India Scenario
  • US Scenario
  • No regulation on investment banks
  • CDOs , MBS
  • Regulation of Non-banking Financial Companies
    (NBFCs)
  • Cautious introduction of derivative instruments

A NEW DYNAMIC CREDIT RISK RATING APPROACH BY
IMPROVISING BINOMIAL EXPANSION TECHNIQUES and
CREDITMETRICS TECHNIQUES , ISHA. IIM
Calcultta.
12
Impact on India
  • Reasons
  • Large Selling by FIIs
  • High inflation
  • Credit Crunch
  • Impact
  • Fall in the external value of rupee, especially
    vis-a-vis the US dollar
  • Decline in foreign exchange reserves held by the
    RBI
  • Decline in the stock market indices
  • Retarding growth of financial-services industry
  • --- Cautious investors active in
    equities, mutual funds and insurance products
    over the pre-crisis period drove back to safer
    bank deposits

Global Currency Hedging using Financial Time
Series, Sohar Universty Shweta
13
Correlation of FII and Stock Markets
Volatile FII
Source Global Financial Crisis and its impact
on Indian Economy , Institute of International
Trade
14
Shock Absorbers
15
Foreign Investment
Stable FDI (27.3 billion in 2008-09)
Macroeconomic Variables leading to increase in
FDI flows , Rachna Role of FDI investment in
boosting up GDP , Aditya Arora
Source Global Financial Crisis and its impact
on Indian Economy , Institute of International
Trade
16
Growth of GDP Savings
Year GDP domestic savings as to GDP at current market prices Gross domestic capital formation as a percentage to GDP at current market prices
50-51 8.6 8.4
60-61 11.2 14.0
70-71 14.2 15.1
80-81 18.5 19.9
90-91 22.8 26
00-01 23.7 24.3
04-05 31.7 32.1
05-06 34.2 35.5
06-07 35.7 36.9
17
Emigration (so-called brain drain)
  • Remittances from overseas Indians
  • Record of 46.4 billion in 2008-09, up from 43.5
    billion the previous year
  • The 2008-09 flow was 4 of GDP
  • Emigration provided a huge balance of payments
    cushion

18
RBI Measures
  • Easy fiscal and monetary policy
  • Stimulus Packages amounting to 3 of GDP
  • 1. Additional public spending
  • 2. capital expenditure, government
    guaranteed funds for infrastructure spending
  • 2. Cuts in indirect taxes
  • 3. Additional support to exporters

19
So resilient was India's performance that the
very foreign investors who had withdrawn 12
billion in 2008, flooded back into Indian stock
markets at the rate of 1billion per week in May
2009.

20
(No Transcript)
21
Application of Six Sigma in Telecom Sector
Flows In Idea Cellular
Material
Money
Man
Information
FMEA of FOS,TSM, ASM,Distributor, Runner,BEE
FMEA of Material Movement
FMEA of Claim Settlement
FMEA of Target setting, New Product Information
Flow, Change in Existing Product Information Flow
22
Methodology of Six Sigma Implementation
Definition Phase- Survey of 140 Retailers
of Jaipur and Alwar.
Measurement Phase- AS IS Process Measured
Analysis Phase- Failure Mode and Effect
Analysis (FMEA)
Designing Phase- Loopholes Identified
and TO BE processes designed Verification
Phase- TO BE given to process owners.
23
The Search of a Problem
Definition Phase-
Market Survey of Idea Jaipur
Retailers 1st Preference
IN TERMS OF
IN TERMS OF ABSOLUTE VALUES
SAMPLE SIZE 120
Idea retailers with low counter share
24
WHY IDEA HAD NO PREFFERANCE AMONG RETAILERS?
  • Issues related to plans
  • Very frequent changes in plans.
  • Complicated to understand by Retailer as
    well as customer.
  • Higher tariffs.
  • STD rates are high as compared to other
    services.
  • Plans are difficult to negotiate
  • Change for Rs.11 and Rs 29 RCV
  • Low margins for retailers as compared with other
    service providers.
  • Variations in rate of SIM in the same market.

25
Major market observation about IDEA!!!
  • Some retailers were selling 3 or 2 Sims for free
    to complete their sales target suggested to
    throw it after using Rs.10/- from it
  • Most of the A-class retailers were not branded
    with Idea POPs
  • As per the voice of retailers idea charges Rs 50
    for V-TOP whereas Airtel and Vodafone dont
    charge
  • CAF documents norms are not easy as per
    competition

26
Measurement and Analysis Phase
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)
Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA Territory Sales Manager (TSM) FMEA
S.No Activity Resp TAT CMS Measurement Gaps Failure Mode Effect
1 Getting updates about sales plans and target ASM 1-2 days No Communication gap between ASM and TSM. 1. Non availability of previous months sales details. 2. Late communication of plans to ASM. 1. Delay in getting targets from ASM 2. Late communication of plans to market.
27
Design Phase
  • The Effects in the FMEA rated on the scale of 10
    based on Severity, Occurrence and Detection
  • The RPN number was arrived at by multiplying the
    S, O ,D ratings.
  • The activities with high RPN number were
    subjected to Change, Automation, Scrapping or
    Modification in the all flows.
  • The Formats of data given to the distributors
    were made simpler.
  • Less frequent visits of TSM had high RPN ratings
    so proformas were given to TSMs to record their
    visits to retailers

28
Key Features of the Project and the Result
  • Improved Brand Penetration traslating into
    Increase in subscriber base by 2.2 in merely two
    months.
  • Improved Maintenance of Towers (BTS)-resulting
    in increase of N/W availability 99.38 to
    99.43
  • Closed Circuit Distributor Follow up Mechanism
    was devised that resulted in well lubricated
    sales and distribution channel.
  • Decrease in non transacting outlet by 23 in two
    months.
  • Reduction in Low Utilization (LUT) sites by 12
    in two months.
  • A Six Sigma Black Belt Project that bagged Idea
    Excellence Award recently.

29
VoIP
Alok Agarwal M.Tech Advanced Networking,
IIITM Areas of Interest Wireless Broadband,
 Cyber law. Alok has good command in linux and
extraordinary coding skills.
Pallavi M.Tech Advanced Networking, IIITM Areas
of Interest Mobile Computing, Wireless
Technology
30
VoIP A Wise Investment for Business
  • VoIP - "industry of the decade," -
    IBISWorld.
  • The industry earned that accolade because
    of its 1,655 percent
  • growth rate between 2000 and 2009.
  • Businesses are always looking for ways to
    increase their
  • competitiveness by
  • cutting costs
  • improving their value proposition
  • requiring their staff to work more efficiently
  • Google Plans Google Voice Enhancements
  • Google Voice adding full VoIP initiation
    capabilities to its Web-
    activated calling services

31
VoIP Overview
  • Conversion of sound into digital signal
  • Encapsulation in IP packet
  • Transport over network
  • De-encapsulation and reconversion of digital
    signal into sound

32
Voice over IP
Public telephone network
?
Plain old telephone
Gateway
IP telephone or computer running VoIP software
?
?
Internet
33
WiMAX Highlights
  • Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
  • Is a certification mark for products that pass
    conformity and interoperability tests for the
    IEEE 802.16
  • Speed Faster than broadband service
  • Wireless Not having to lay cables reduces cost
  • Easier to extend to suburban and rural areas
  • Broad coverage Much wider coverage than WiFi
    hot spots

34
WiMAX Working Scenario
35
Optimization Aspect of rtPS
In rtPS following points are taken into
consideration 1. Optimization of Uplink
resources. 2. Optimization of Access delay. 3.
Optimization of MAC overhead for supporting VoIP
services with variable data rate and silence
suppression. Parameters Utilized 1. Resource
Utilization 2. VoIP Capacity 3. Total
Throughput 4. Packet Transmission Delay
36
Implementation Aspects
  • More traffic is handled with better efficiency
  • Improved QoS attracts the users for availing
    better services.
  • Rapid Deployment
  • High Speed data rate
  • High Scalability
  • Lower Maintenance and Upgradation Cost

37
(No Transcript)
38
Cloud computing is the provision of dynamically
scalable and often virtualized resources as a
service over the Internet on a utility basis
Cloud Computing offers a way for people to expand
their local computing power on to the, seemingly,
infinite processing power of the Internet
39
What is a cloud?
  • a type of parallel and distributed system
  • consists of a collection of inter-connected and
    virtualized computers
  • presented as one or more unified computing
    resource(s)
  • based on service-level agreements

40
Cloud Computing
41
Infrastructure at IIITM
42
Future Perspectives
43
(No Transcript)
44
A Glance on the new DQWRTDMOSFET device which can
reduces the cost of processor
  • As the technology scaled down the cost of the
    processor increases in terms of power .
  • At 45nm technology almost saturation is there
    scaling of the devices .
  • DQWRTDMOSFET is new device which saves the Moor's
    law by reducing the power consumption at same
    technology node.
  • We can save 30 percent power and increases the
    processor speed 15 percent faster then
    conventional processor.

45
Experimental Results
46
Lab Facilities
Tools Use
Silvaco Design and simulation of Semiconductor devices.
Assura(Cadence Tool) L-Edit (Tanner Tool) Mask Layout tool used for Physical Design of IC
Modelsim PE 6.0 Modelsim XE 6.0 IUS (Cadence Tool) High Level Simulation of Design described in HDL(VHDL Verilog)
SOC (Cadence Tool) RC (Cadence) Xilinx ISE WebPACK(7.1i,8.1i,9.1i,11.1i) FPGA advantage 7.0 (Mentor Graphics) Used for High Level Synthesis SOC is for back end Design Rest are used for Front end Design
Pspice(9.1,9.2) Tanner Pspice IC5141 (Cadence Tool) Digital Analog / RF Circuit Simulator
MATLAB 7.0 A mathematical tool used for Matrix analysis and computation
Altium Designer Summer 08 A prototype tool for FPGA projects, embedded projects, PCB projects
47
Hardware Equipments/boards Available in LAB
  • Universal CPLD/FPGA XC 9572 TM, 15C/XC2S50 TM, 5C
  • Xilinx Spartan-III FPGA System XC3S200 TM
  • Spartan-II FPGA Trainer XC2S50 TM, 5C
  • CPLD Xilinx XC 9572 TM
  • Spartan-III XC 3S400 TM (DSP Application)
  • Altium Nanoboard

48
Conclusion
  • DQWRTDMOSFET has been developed at VLSI
    laboratory(ABV-IIITM) ,it is verified like
    industry environment that what we have.
  • Processor speedup more than 15 percent so it can
    use for home appliances like washing machine.
  • Working environment comparable with industry
    training period can skip and count one year as
    experience.

49
(No Transcript)
50
Free/Open Source Software
The freedom to run it, change it, redistribute
it, improve and release it
User has the access to the code
51
Commonly used FOSS Software
  • Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • VLC Media Player
  • Angry IP Scanner
  • Squirrel Mail
  • Android
  • Eclipse
  • Used in NASA Projects and Hollywood Movies

OSS community comprises of More than 230000
software and over 130 millions works under
Creative Commons
  • By 2012 more than 90 of enterprises will use
    Open Source in direct or embedded forms
    Gartner The State of the Open Source, 2008

52
Cost Reduction
S. No. Item Open Source (Rs.) Proprietary (Rs.)
1. Hardware 30,000 30,000
2. Operating System 7,520 0
3. Office Suite 4,460 0
4. Antivirus 4,830 0
Total 46,810 30,000
500 systems 2,34,05000 1,50,00,000
Difference Rs. 84,05,000 Rs. 84,05,000
  • Source National Workshop on Free/Open Source
    Software and Higher Technical Education, SF-FOSS,
    ABV-IIITM Gwalior, Nov09, India

53
Free Culture
  • Creative works under Free licenses
  • Music, Books, Movies, Scripts, Software, etc.
  • Social Dimension of Creativity
  • Legal Boundations
  • Driver of Technology
  • Participative Age
  • World now a Global Village

When People meet, they discuss, discover and
Innovate Information and Open Source, SUN
Microsystems
54
Towards Collaborative Development
Community
55
Open Source and Downturn
The period from 2000 to 2002, when the economy
was almost as terrifying as it is now, was the
largest period of growth for open source in the
enterprise. -Infoworld magazine Innovation
loves a crisis - Joe Hartley, VP, SUN
Microsystems
  • Downturn the biggest boon for Open Source
  • Low Total cost of Ownership
  • License Fees
  • More participation by people
  • Reliable and Secure
  • Quicker Releases
  • Try before you buy
  • Community Driven Model

56
Cumulative Investment in Open Source Vendors
Source 451 Group Survey
57
  • Indeed, when there is little to differentiate the
    functionality of an open source solution to its
    proprietary equivalent, the cost savings that
    come with open source are extremely compelling,
  • Yossi Hasson,
  • CEO Synaq
  • The collaborative, standards-based nature of
    open-source technology means that development and
    innovation no longer need to be expensive and
    difficult.
  • Nageswara Rao,
  • Site Lead, Sun Microsystems India
  • Linux and other free, open source solutions are
    just what companies wrestling with budget
    constraints should be considering.
  • Ron Hovsepian,
  • CEO Novell

58
Our Initiatives
Collaborations
59
Our Initiatives
More information at http//sf-foss.iiitm.ac.in/
..and lots more
60
Our Initiatives
A total of 46 articles from 41 authors
Committee consisting of 12 advisory board
members, 22 editorial board members, 18
organizing committee members and 25 volunteers
A total contribution of 140 people from 13
countries and 46 organizations
61
A Glance on the new DQWRTDMOSFET device which can
reduces the cost of processor
  • As the technology scaled down the cost of the
    processor increases in terms of power .
  • At 45nm technology almost saturation is there
    scaling of the devices .
  • DQWRTDMOSFET is new device which saves the Moor's
    law by reducing the power consumption at same
    technology node.
  • We can save 30 percent power and increases the
    processor speed 15 percent faster then
    conventional processor.

62
Experimental Results
63
Lab Facilities
Tools Use
Silvaco Design and simulation of Semiconductor devices.
Assura(Cadence Tool) L-Edit (Tanner Tool) Mask Layout tool used for Physical Design of IC
Modelsim PE 6.0 Modelsim XE 6.0 IUS (Cadence Tool) High Level Simulation of Design described in HDL(VHDL Verilog)
SOC (Cadence Tool) RC (Cadence) Xilinx ISE WebPACK(7.1i,8.1i,9.1i,11.1i) FPGA advantage 7.0 (Mentor Graphics) Used for High Level Synthesis SOC is for back end Design Rest are used for Front end Design
Pspice(9.1,9.2) Tanner Pspice IC5141 (Cadence Tool) Digital Analog / RF Circuit Simulator
MATLAB 7.0 A mathematical tool used for Matrix analysis and computation
Altium Designer Summer 08 A prototype tool for FPGA projects, embedded projects, PCB projects
64
Hardware Equipments/boards
  • Universal CPLD/FPGA XC 9572 TM, 15C/XC2S50 TM, 5C
  • Xilinx Spartan-III FPGA System XC3S200 TM
  • Spartan-II FPGA Trainer XC2S50 TM, 5C
  • CPLD Xilinx XC 9572 TM
  • Spartan-III XC 3S400 TM (DSP Application)
  • Altium Nanoboard

65
Conclusion
  • DQWRTDMOSFET has been developed at VLSI
    laboratory(ABV-IIITM) ,it is verified like
    industry environment that what we have.
  • Processor speedup more than 15 percent so it can
    use for home appliances like washing machine.
  • Working environment comparable with industry
    training period can skip and count one year as
    experience.

66
Thank You!!
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