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Subjunctive Uses I

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Subjunctive Uses I Dependent Subjunctives We come to school so that we can learn Latin. main clause subordinate clause Purpose Clauses The First of the Dependent ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Subjunctive Uses I


1
Subjunctive Uses I
2
Dependent Subjunctives
  • We come to school
  • so that we can learn Latin.

main clause
subordinate clause
3
Purpose Clauses
  • The First of the Dependent Subjunctives that we
    will learn is the Purpose Clause.
  • The Purpose Clause is a subordinate clause in the
    Subjunctive that explains the reason why the
    subject performed the action of the verb.
  • I ran to class so that I wouldnt be late.
  • We go to school so that we might learn.

4
Purpose Clauses
  • In English, we can form purpose clauses in a
    variety of ways. The two most prevalent ways
    are
  • - so that
  • I ran to class so that I wouldnt be late.
  • - infinitive or in order to
  • We go to school (in order) to learn.

5
Purpose Clauses
  • In Latin, there is only one way to create a
  • purpose clause, and that is with the word ut.
  • Caesar gladium capit ut pugnet.
  • Caesar grabs a sword in order to fight.
  • One can negate the purpose clause by using the
    word ne in place of ut.
  • Caesar pugnat ne patria capiatur.
  • Caesar fights so that the country might not be
    captured.

6
Purpose Clauses
  • Hunc tibi dono ut omnes facta Romanorum
    intellegant.
  • I give this to you so that all may know the deeds
    of the Romans.
  • Hunc tibi donavi ut omnes facta Romanorum
    intellegerent.
  • I gave this to you so that all knew / would know
    the deeds of the Romans.
  • Caesar pugavit ut Romam e servitute liberaret.
  • Caesar fought in order to free Rome from slavery.

7
Practice
  • Poetam audio ut sapientiam eius accipiam.
  • I listen to the poet in order to receive his
    wisdom.
  • Poeta canebat ut laetus esset rex.
  • The poet was singing so that the king would be
    happy.
  • Bellum acriter geremus ut provincia sit libera.
  • We wage war bitterly so that the province will be
    free.
  • Bellum a nostris gestum est ne hostes provinias
    teneant.
  • War has been waged by us so that the enemies
    dont occupy the provinces.
  • Tu cum sociis ad insulam missus es ut verba regis
    ad incolas ferres.
  • You were sent with the allies to the island so
    that you would bring the words of the king to the
    inhabitants.

8
Result Clauses
9
Result Clauses
  • The Next of the Dependent Subjunctives that we
    will learn is the Result Clause.
  • The Result Clause is a subordinate clause in the
    Subjunctive that explains an action that has
    occurred or is likely to occur as a result of the
    main clause.
  • The best use of the result clause in English is
    the Yo mama joke.

10
Not yo mamas Result Clause
  • Yo mama so stupid that she went to the
    orthodontist to
  • get a blue tooth
  • Yo mama so fat that people jog around her for
    exercise
  • Yo mama so nasty that she made speed stick slow
    down.
  • Yo mama so ugly that not even goldfish crackers
    smile
  • Back.

11
Result Clauses
  • In all of those examples, the presence of the
    result
  • clause is signaled by two words.
  • Yo mama so ugly that she made an onion cry.
  • The two words that signal a result clause in
    English are
  • so and that.
  • The so is used to modify an adjective/adverb.
  • The that introduces the result clause proper.

12
Result Clauses
  • In Latin, the same two words are used to signal
    the
  • result clause
  • There are a good amount of so words that can be
    used, but most of them are the T correlatives

So words So words
tam so
talis, tale such
tantus, a, um so much/great
tot so many
adeo to such an extent
sic thus
ita in such a manner
13
Result Clauses
  • In Latin, the same two words are used to signal
    the
  • result clause
  • There is only one that word in Latin ut.
  • So.
  • Tua mater est tam deformis ut Cicero, cum eam
    videret,
  • quieverit.
  • Yo mama so ugly that Cicero was struck dumb, when
    he saw her.

14
Result Clauses
  • Result Clauses also can be negative as well
  • Ita dixerat ut non sententiam intellegerem.
  • She had spoken in such a manner that I did not
  • understand (her) opinion.
  • When one introduces a negative result clause, one
    does not use ne, but instead uses ut non. This
    shift in negative expression helps to
    differentiate result clauses from purpose clauses.

15
Practice
  • Mater tua est tam obesa ut urbs, cum Romae sit,
    VIII colles habeat.
  • Yo mama so fat that the city has 8 hills when she
    is in Rome.
  • Tot signa a dis missa sunt ut non errare
    possimus.
  • So many signs have been sent from the gods that
    we are not able to err.
  • Nostri tam fortiter pugnaverant ut ab imperatore
    ipso sint laudati.
  • Our men had fought so bravely that they were
    praised by the general himself.
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