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Title: Topic 2 All these problems are very serious.


1
Topic 2 All these problems are very serious.
  • UNIT 2

2
?????????
somebody, someone, something, somewhere, anybody,
anyone, anything, anywhere, none, nobody,
nothing, nowhere, everybody, everyone,
everything, everywhere.
????? somebody,someone,something,somewhere??????
anybody,anyone,anything,anywhere????????? none,
nobody, nothing, nowhere?????? everybody,
everyone, everything, everywhere????????
3
?? 1. ???, ????else??????,?????? eg I have
something important to tell you. I want
something to drink. I dont know
anything else about it. 2.????????????????? eg
Nobody is in the classroom. Everything
goes well. 3. nothing ,nobody????????,?????????
??everything, everybody??????,???????? eg In
learning English, grammar is not everything.
4
4.???????,????????????,????????? they ? he
????????????????,???????????it. eg Everyone is
here, arent they (isnt he)? Everything
goes well , doesnt it?
5
Exercise???????????? 1.Listen! Can you
see_________ behind the tree? ---Sorry, I can
see __________. 2.Do you know__________ in the
shop? 3.There is _________ in the room. Its
empty. 4.Could you give me ________ to
drink? 5.Jane got _________ ready for her
birthday party. 6.Listen! __________ is knocking
at the door. 7. Kangkang, is _________ here
today? --No, Jim isnt here. He is ill. 8. Did
you feel _________ strange about him?
anything
nothing
anybody
nothing
something
everything
Somebody
everybody
anything
something, anything somebody,anybody,nothing,
everybody, nobody, everything
6
Exercise???????????? 1.Listen! Can you
see_________ behind the tree? ---Sorry, I can
see __________. 2.Do you know__________ in the
shop? 3.There is _________ in the room. Its
empty. 4.Could you give me ________ to
drink? 5.Jane got _________ ready for her
birthday party. 6.Listen! __________ is knocking
at the door. 7. Kangkang, is _________ here
today? --No, Jim isnt here. He is ill. 8. Did
you feel _________ strange about him?
anything
nothing
anybody
nothing
something
everything
Somebody
everybody
anything
something, anything somebody,anybody,nothing,
everybody, nobody, everything
7
Section A
8
It is too dirty and there is too much heavy smoke
here.
9
What kind of pollution is it?
It is air pollution.
What harm can it cause?
It can cause sore eyes, breathing problems and
even cancer.
10
China has become the worlds largest
producer and user of coal. As a result, air
pollution has become a serious problem.
11
What should we do as students?
Protect the environment.
12
leave rubbish
We shouldnt leave rubbish here and there.
spit everywhere
Dont spit everywhere.
13
walk on grass
Dont walk on grass.
pick flowers
We shouldnt pick flowers.
14
care for wild animals
Everyone should care for wild animals.
15
plant more trees
We should plant more trees.
16
1b. Work alone
1.What are they talking about? 2.Why is air
pollution a serious problem in China ? 3.What
should students do and not do to protect the
environment? 4.Can you give some advice to
the government?
They are talking about air pollution and
envirenment protection.
Because China has become the worlds largest
producer and user of coal.
Everyone should care for wild animals and plant
more trees. We shouldnt leave rubbish here and
there, spit everywhere in public ,walk on grass
or pick flowers.
Yes,.
17
MKangkang, read this article. KWhats it
about? MIts about air pollution in China. It
says that China has become the worlds
largest producer and user of coal. As a
result, air pollution has become a serious
problem. KYeah.But the government is doing
something useful to protect the
environment. M Thats great.None of us likes
pollution. What should we do as students?
1a
18
KWe shouldnt leave rubbish here and there. Dnt
spit anywhere in public. Dont walk on
grass or pick flowers. Everyone should care
for wild animals and plant more trees . M
Thats right. We should do everything we can to
protect the environment.
19
1. sth says that eg It says Best wishes to
you on the card. The clock in the hall said
it was 730.
20
2. as a result ??,??,?? eg Miss Gao often
helps me with my English in her free time.
As a result, I can do well in it now. 3.do
something useful to do sth.??????????? take
useful measures to do sth. something useful
??????? ???????????? nothing serious
something important anything else
something to eat
21
4.none of ???n ?????? none of
n??/??/??n ????????? None of the work
was done. None of my friends has/ have been
there. None of buses go(es) there.
None of the money is mine
???none?????How many/much.
How many buses go there?
How much money is yours?
22
none?no one??? none???????? no
one????,???of ??,?????? ? No one knows how to
solve the problem. No one has been there.
23
  • 5. everyone ?every one???
  • ??????,??,??,???everybody,
  • ??????,??of??,????,??????
  • ??????
  • Everyone knows him , dont they/dosent he?
  • ???????,??,???,????,???
  • ?,??of??,?? ???
  • Every one of us likes English.
  • His books are wonderful. I have read every
  • one of them.
  • He ate every one of the apples.

(??)
(??)
(??)
24
7.everyday ?every day ???
??????,?????,???,??? ????????,????,????
everyday life everyday English ???????
He has milk every day. 8. everything ? nothing
everything??????,??,????? ??????????? Im OK,
hows everything with you? Everything goes well
with them, doesnt it? nothing ?????, ??,
???????????? Nothing can stop her now, can
it?
25
Michael Kangkang, read this article. Kangkang
Whats it about? Michael Its about air
pollution in China. It says that _________________
_________________________. ______________, air
pollution has become a serious
problem. Kangkang Yeah. But the government
__________________ to protect the
environment. Michael As we know, _______________
likes pollution. ______________________________? K
angkang We shouldnt __________________. Dont
_________________.Dont_______________
or _______________. Everyone should
___________________ and plant more
trees. Michael Thats right. We should do
everything we can to protect the environment.
China has become the worlds largest producer and
user of coal.
As a result
has done something useful
none of us
What should we do as students
leave rubbish here and there
walk on grass
spit anywhere in public
pick flowers
care for wild animals
26
Dear headmaster, Im writing to tell you
__________ important.___________likes to be
untidy, however, some students throw waste paper
and bottles__________. We all need a quiet place
to study, but some students often make too much
noise at school. Even worse, some of them are
quite rude when talking to________.
______________ knows their behavior is bad, but
_______of us knows how to stop them. I think
we should make rules to change the situation.
Perhaps it will be hard for us to keep the rules
in the beginning, but if__________________ does
their best to follow the rules, our school will
become better and better day by day.
2
something
Nobody
everywhere
others
Everybody/Everyone
none
everyone/everybody
27
?? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ??????
as a result do something useful as students
leave litter here and there throw litter about
spit everywhere in public walk on grass pick
flowers care for wild animals
28
??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???
throw waste paper and bottles make too much
noise even worse make rules to change the
situation in the beginning keep the
rules follow/obey the rules day by day
29
3
Work alone
A .become weaker destroy the environment
disappear rapidly on the earth
enough bamboo to eat
B. 1.Now some kinds of animals are becoming ___
___ ___ 2.Some animals are __ _______ of dying
out completely. 3.In the past, pandas lived a
quiet life and had ____ __ food. 4.Humans have
come to ________ the importance of protecting
animals. 5.We should ____ ____ ____ to protect
them.
fewer and fewer
in danger
plenty of
realize
do our best
30
???? ?????????? ????? ????????
destroy the environment be in danger of
dying out completely come to realize the
importance of protecting animals
31
The wind is blowing strongly.
cut down trees
32
Section B
33
The wind blows the earth away.
34
sandstorms
sandstorm
How is the weather? Its terrible. There are
sandstorms Do you know what causes the sandstorms?
35
1c
wash the earth away
many trees
change into desert
( )
( )
( )
1
4
5
sandstorms come into being
forest gone
cut down trees
( )
( )
( )
2
3
6
36
Rich land has changed into desert. What should we
do to stop it?
We shouldnt cut down too many trees. Trees can
help us in many ways.
37
  • Listen to 1a and answer the following questions
  • What behavior(??) may cause sandstorms?

People have cut down too many trees. A lot of
rich land has changed into desert.
2. How can trees affect the weather?
Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth
away. And a lot of water can be saved by
forests. They can also prevent the water from
washing the earth away.
38
K What bad weather! The wind is blowing
strongly with lots of land. I couldnt see
anything , and my face hurt while I was
walking down the street just now. M Im sorry to
hear that. But what causes these
sandstorms? K People have cut down too many
trees. As a result, a lot of rich land has
changed into desert. M Thats bad, but how can
that affect the weather? J Trees can stop the
wind from blowing the earth away. K And a lot of
water can be saved by forests. J They can also
prevent the water from washing the earth
away. KCutting down trees is harmful to human
beings, animals and plants. Although we have
built the Great Green Wall, we still need to
work hard to protect the environment.
1a
39
blowing strongly
K What bad weather! The wind is _________
with lots of land. I couldnt see ____________,
and my face hurt while ____________________
______________ M Im sorry to hear that. But
________________? K People have ___________ too
many trees. As a result, a lot of rich
land has _____________ desert. M Thats bad, but
how can that _____________? J Trees can
____________________________. K And a lot of
water _____________________. J They can also
______________________________. K________________
_________________________, animals and plants.
Although we have built the Great Green Wall,
we still need to _____________ protect the
environment.
anything
I was walking down the street just now.
what causes these sandstorms
cut down
changed into
affect the weather
stop the wind from blowing the earth away.
can be saved by forests
prevent the water from washing the earth away.
Cutting down trees is harmful to human beings
work hard to
40
1b Work alone.
Trees functions
A.Trees can stop the wind from blowing the
earth away.
B.A lot of water can be saved by
forests.
C. Tree can prevent the water from washing the
earth away.
  • What are they talking about?
  • 2.What causes this kind of bad weather?

They are talking about sandstorms
People have cut down too many trees.
41
A lot of water can be saved by forests.
???????????
  • be saved ????????
  • save v. ??,??,??
  • ??????
  • save money to buy a car
  • save v. ???????????
  • ??????????????
  • Its a doctors duty to save patients lives.
  • ???????????
  • We must save every drop of water.

42
1.blow strongly/hard ??? 2. cut down
?? Trees are very useful to us. We shouldnt cut
them down. cut down ??,?? The article
should be cut down to 1000 words. cut off
??,??(???????)?? The electricity company cut off
electric supply for us. Dont cut me off when I
am reporting. 3. change sth into turn into
??? She is waiting for the traffic lights to
change into green. The cold weather changed water
into ice.
rain heavily/hard snow
43
The heavy rain kept/prevented/stopped us from
going out. 4 . prevent sb/sth (from) doing
sth??????? stop sb/sth (from) doing sth
keep sb/sth from doing sth(from????) Nothing
can stop/ prevent/ keep him from working. The
heavy rain has prevented us from going
there. 5.blow sth away ??/ ? ? wash sth
away ???, ??? 6. earth????????,????
soil?????????? ground?????
land???,?,???????
44
7. although?though ?????,????????,??????,?
?????but ??,????yet/still??? eg Although/Though
he is in poor health, (yet) he works
hard. ?? (1)although???,?????,though
??????????? (2)???though ???although???
a.??????even though b. though ???????
c. though ????,????,??????? eg He
said he would come he didnt, though.
45
???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????
?
blow strongly walk down the street cause
sandstorm cut down trees rich land change into
desert affect the weather stop the wind from
blowing the earth away prevent the water from
washing the earth away
46
Saving Water
47
Protecting and Saving
Water Water is very important to
human beings, but not everybody knows how to
protect and save it. Here are some way 1.Pass
laws against water pollution. 2.Stop factories
pouring waste water into rivers 3.Remember to
turn the tap off when you leave. 4.Collect and
reuse waste water.
48
?? ?????????? ?/???? ??????
human being pass laws against water pollution
turn the tap off/on reuse waste water
49
????????????
What air pollution
What water pollution
What sandstorm
Why factories/ cars burn gas, coal, oil
Why factories pourinto
Why cut trees
How
50
There are many kinds of pollution in todays
world, such as air pollution, water pollution and
so on. Sandstorm is also serious in some cities.
Factories send out terrible gas by burning
gas, and coal. Cars use oil and it makes the air
dirty. With the development of industry,
more and more factories pour waste water into the
river. Farmers use too much chemicals. Water
pollution has become more and more serious.
Trees can save rainwater and keep the earth. But
people cut them down freely. Forests have become
desert. Sandstorm is doing harm to human being.
51
To make less pollution, we should not use too
much coal and chemicals. We need to ride bicycles
instead of driving cars. We shouldnt cut down
trees and should plant more trees. Let us be
greener people.
52
Section C
53
Can you choose a suitable title for each
paragraph from the phrases below?
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Fewer trees
Traffic pollution
Factory pollution
The ozone layer
More carbon dioxide
54
  • Listen to 1a and answer the following questions
  • 1.How many years have we humans lived on earth?
  • 2.What result may factory and traffic pollution
    cause?
  • 3.What pollution has made a big hole in the ozone
    layer?
  • 4.What causes the level of the sea to rise?

We humans have lived on earth for only 35000years.
Factory pollution causes dead rivers and
lakes. Traffic pollution causes many people to
have healthy problems.
Air pollution.
The greenhouse effect.
55
The earth is 4600 million years old. We
humans have lived on earth for only 35000
years, but during this period we have changed
our planet a lot in many ways. Some things weve
done are very good for the earth while some are
bad. ___________ . All over the world, people
have cut down millions of trees. When it rains
or when the wind blows, the earth is taken away.
Forests have become deserts, so more and more
sorts of animals and plants are
disappearing. ____________. In big cities, cars
and buses have
1a
Fewer trees
Traffic pollution
56
polluted the air. Many people in cities now
have health problems. _____________. Factories
have also polluted the land and the water. As a
result, many rivers and lakes are now
dead. ___________ Around the earth,
theres a special kind of oxygen called
ozone(O3). It is important to the earth. But
now air pollution is destroying if and that has
made a very big hole in the ozone layer. Too
much harmful radiation from the sun passes
through the hole and reaches the earth
directly. This is very dangerous because
Factory pollution
The ozone layer
57
this kind of radiation can cause
cancer. _________________ .Carbon dioxide (CO2)
in the air has increased a lot. It mainlycomes
from burning oil, coal and wood .This has formed
a blanker around the earth. The heat from the
sun cant escape so the temperature is
rising.This is called the greenhouse effect.
It causes the level of the oceans to rise and the
climate of the earth to change. All these
probblems are very serious, so we must do
something now.
More carbon dioxide
58
1.during this period
?????
a period of five months
2.take away ??,?? I dont like these
books, please take them away. take ????? take
off taketo take sb. for a walk take ones
time take a bus (ship/train) take turns take
care of It takes sb. time/money to do sth.
take a look take a holiday take a rest take a
seat take photos
59
1b
1.refer to sb/sth ??/ ?? / ???????,
?mention??????? ????????????? Her
mother never referred to him again. ?????????????
This paragraph refers to the events of last
year. ?????? Are you referring to me?
60
2.??rise?raise rise rose risen vi,
????????, The sun rises in the east. The sea
level has risen in recent years. raise raised
raised vt. ?????,??, raise ones glass to
sb. raise ones head/hands
61
2.Written work. O3 CO2
A special kind of oxygen called
ozone Ozone is very
important to the earth.The ozone layer can
prevent the suns hurmful radiation reaching the
earth. But now air pollution is destroying the
ozone layer. This is very dangreous because this
kind of radiation can cause cancer.
Carbon dioxide. It
mainly comes from hurning oil ,coal and wood.
62
The greenhouse effect
Carbon dioxide around the earth makes the
temperature rise. More and more carbon
dioxide forms a blanket around the earth .The
heat from the sun cant escape so the temperature
is rising. It causes the level of the oceans to
rise and the climate of the earth to change.
63
Section D
64
Look at the picture. It shows us a big problem.
Do you know what problem it is? Its rubbish
pollution.
65
(No Transcript)
66
Listen and answer the following questions
1.How many tons of waste do people
produce in Britain every year? 2. How do people
deal with it?
People in Britain produce about 430 million tons
of waste every year.
People put about 85 percent of the waste into
the land.
67
  • ( )1.In Britain, people produce about 5 million
    tons
  • of waste every year.
  • ( )2.People in Britain put 85 percent of the
    waste into
  • the land every year.
  • ( )3.Lots of garbage only takes up some space.
  • ( )4.In Hong Kong, about eleven twentieths of
    the
  • garbage cant be recycle.
  • ( )5.Garbage has become a serious problem in
    cities
  • around the world.

F
T
F
F
T
68
1a
People in Britain produce about 430 million tons
of waste every year, and put about 85_______ of
the waste into the land. This harms the
environment and take up a lot of _____. Its
difficult to find ____ land to put the garbage in
. At the same time, dealing with the waste _____
too much money. Every year, people in Hong
Kong produce about 5 million tons of waste. Of
all the garbage, about 35 percent can be recycled
while the ___cant. The garbage produced
every day has become a _______problem around the
world. How shall we deal with it?
percent
space
new
costs
rest
serious
69
  • 1.in ?into?????
  • in ??????,??????????,????out,
  • ??????????
  • into??????,??????,?????,???? out.
  • The book is in my bag.
  • He threw the ball into the water.
  • ??put/throw???,??????
  • 2.deal with ??,??,??, ??????how??
  • do with??, ??,??????what??
  • How can you deal with this problem?
  • What did you do with the bad boy?
  • 3.take up ??,??(?????)
  • These things will have to take up much room.
  • Doing his homework took up most of the weekend.

70
4.while ??,????,????????,????????????
??, ???????,??????? Her sister likes reading
while she likes singing. ?????,??????? They went
out, while she stayed at home. 5.have difficulty
/trouble (in ) doing sth. ??????/ ??,??,
??difficulty, trouble ??????, ????some,much,little
, no, any????? ??????????,??????????? I had no
trouble / difficulty (in) finding his place
because I had been there several times.
71
People in Britain produce about
___________________ every year, and put about
______________________ into the land. This harms
the environment and__________ a lot of space.
. Its difficult to find new land to
___________________. At the same time,
____________ the waste costs too much money
Every year, people in Hong Kong ________ about 5
million tons of waste. Of all the garbage, about
35 percent can be ________ while _________
cant. The garbage produced every day
____________ a serious problem around the world.
________________________?
430 million tons of waste
85 percent of the waste
takes up
put the garbage in
dealing with
produce
recycled
the rest
has become
How shall we deal with it
72
1.This is harmful to the evironment and needs too
much room. 2.People have difficulty finding new
land to put the rubbish in. 3.It costs too
much to deal with the waste. 4.People can
recycle about seven twentieths of the rubbush.
This harms the environment and takes up a lot of
space.
Its difficult to find new land to put the
garbage in.
Dearing with the waste costs too much money.
Of all the garbage, about 35 percent can be
recycled.
1b
73
??????
??(1)??????? both, all, many, much, one, other,
each another, the other, a few, a little,
either, some (someone, somebody, something), any
(anyone, anybody, anything) every (everyone,
everybody, everything) (2)??????? no, none,
nobody, nothing, few, little 1.no ? none ?? ?,
?? no not a/not any none ??of ??,??
???????? I have no friends here. I
dont have any friends here. None of the
shirts is clean. I know none of them.
74
2.nobody,no one, nothing??????,??of ??. Nobody
can speak French. None of them can speak
French. 3.nothing??what ?? nobody, no
one??Who?? none??How many/How much
?? Whats in the room? ---Nothing. Who is in the
room? ---Nobody./No one. How many people are
there in the room? ---None.
75
?????????????
?? ?????? ????????????
??? each every/each
???? either any
??? (the) other another
? both all
?? neither none/no
76
????????
??
??
??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??

everything nothing no one
anyone anybody
someone somebody everyone everybody
everyone everybody nobody no one
anything
something
77
Key phrases
do something useful to do leave rubbish
here and there spit everywhere walk on
grass pick flowers care for wild
animals protect/destroy the environment
even worse make rules keep the
rules follow the rules
??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??/???? ???
?? ???? ???? ????
78
??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??/??
???? ???? ??? ??? ?????
throw waste paper and bottles make too much
noise in the beginning better and
better day by day be in danger of
n/doing come to realize cut down/off
change into affect the weather
blow sth. away wash sth. away be
harmful to human beings
79
work hard to do sandstorms come into being
on the earth be good/bad for all over
the world take away cause cancer
the ozone layer carbon dioxide
traffic/air/factory pollution burning oil
the greenhouse effect the level of the
oceans the importance of collect and reuse
waste water
????? ????? ???? ???/? ???? ??,?? ?? ??? ???? ??/
??/???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????????
80
??????? ??? ?? ??,?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????
????? ??????????? ??????? ???????????????
cause sb. to do sth. put in/into deal
with take up just now as a
result refer to turn the tap
off during this period do ones best to
do stop/prevent/keep sb./sth. from doing
sth the worlds largest
producer and user of coal
81
( ) 1. We shouldnt the tress because
trees can clean air and save a lot of
water. A. cut off B. cut out
C. cut up D. cut down ( ) 2. -- Hi, Bob! I
cant find my history book. Have
you seen it ? Sorry, I havent. Why
dont you ask Jim? Perhaps he has
seen it. A. somewhere B. every
where C. nowhere D. anywhere ( ) 3. Trees
can prevent the wind the earth away.
A. from blowing B. to blow C. blow D.
blows ( ) 4. Oh, dear! Who made the wall so
dirty? Jack Martin.
They were drawing on it just now.
A. Neither nor B. Not but C. Either or
D. Both or
D
D
A
C
82
( ) 5. This kind of animals has nearly
because their homelands are
gone. A. died out B. died of C. died D. been
dead ( ) 6. The driver was badly hurt of
the traffic accident. A. at a result B. in
the result C. with the result D. as a
result ( ) 7. You made many mistakes in your
English exams. What will you
them? A. help with B. do with C. take with D.
bring with ( )8.Youd better not read todays
newspaper because there is in
it. A. something interesting B. nothing
special C. important thing D. anything new (
) 9. trees are planted in our city every
year. A. The millions of B. Million of C.
Millions of D. Million
A
D
B
B
C
83
( ) 10. Remember this, boys and girls.
careful you are, mistakes you
will make. A. The more the more B. The
fewer the more C. The more the fewer D. The
less the fewer
C
1.My friend (change) in
many ways during the past four years. 2.
Its our duty (protect) the
environment. 3. Mr. Black is one of
(produce) about MP4. 4. None of them
(pass) the exam. How sad they
are! 5.The (important) of
this problem has not been known.
has changed
to protect
producers
has passed
importance
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