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The Monomyth

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Title: Archetypes and the Monomyth Author: RJ Feudo Last modified by: Teacher Created Date: 8/30/2009 5:25:50 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Monomyth


1
The Monomyth
  • The Heros Journey

2
Do Now Brainstorm
  • As a group, list as many stories as you can name
    in which the main character faces an obstacle and
    learns from it.

3
I. Why Do We Need Heroes?
  • Role Models. We want to strive to be like
    someone who is better than we are.
  • We want someone to pave the way for all of us
    someone to break the mold
  • We want someone to make the world safe at an
    unsafe or uncertain time.

4
II. Joseph Campbell
  • A theorist who closely studied comparative
    mythology and comparative religion.
  • Focused largely on the role of the hero in his
    studies, and discovered a pattern (an archetype)
    that spanned time and culture

5
Joseph Campbells Monomyth
  • Monomyths (one myth) look surprisingly alike.
  • A cyclical story
  • Hero undergoes a transformation
  • Offers a sacrifice to save the world

6
  • The cycle has multiple steps that most heroes
    follow.
  • The hero learns the truth about his world and
    himself.
  • The journey symbolizes the search for individual
    identity and the cultures concept of the
    idealized member of society.

7
STAGE ONE SEPARATION
STAGE THREE RETURN
Call to Adventure
Reward (Freedom to Live)
Threshold Guardians
The Known
The Return
The Unknown or Shadow Realm
Crossing the Threshold
Helpers
Ultimate Boon
Tests
STAGE TWO INITIATION
Transformation/ Revelation
Atonement with the Father
8
Stage 1 Separation
  • Call to Adventure
  • Something inspires the journey
  • Luke Skywalkers Aunt Uncle are killed
  • Dorothy awakens in Oz
  • The Lion Kings father is murdered
  • Frodo is asked to carry the ring by Gandalf
  • Sometimes the hero refuses the call
  • The Lion King leaves his pride for the jungle-
  • Hakuna Matata
  • Supernatural Aid (Helpers)
  • A guide or helper appears to assist with the
    journey.
  • Glenda the Good Witch of the North instructs
    Dorothy/ Toto travels with Dorothy
  • Obewon Kenobe guides Luke Skywalker
  • Samwise travels with Frodo

9
Stage 1 Separation
  • Crossing the Threshold
  • The move from the known and comfortable world
    into the unknown world. Sometimes the hero has
    to pass one or more threshold guardians.
  • Luke leaves home
  • Dorothy wakes up in Oz
  • Frodo leaves the shire
  • Nemo leaves the tank

10
STAGE 2 INITIATION
  • The Road of Trials (Tests)
  • Series of tasks that the hero must undergo to
    begin the transformation.

11
STAGE 2 INITIATION
  • Beginning Initiation
  • Glenda the Good Witch of the North puts the ruby
    slippers on Dorothys feet
  • Meeting of a Goddess or redeeming female figure
  • Glenda the Good Witch (for example)
  • Princess Leia in Star Wars

12
STAGE 2 INITIATION
  • Atonement with the Father (Supreme Test)
  • Center point of the journey this is when the
    hero must confront whatever holds ultimate power
    in his life. To understand himself, the hero
    must reckon with this ultimate authority figure.
    This will typically result in some transformation
    and revelation that the hero must understand in
    order to achieve his goal.
  • Luke Skywalker has to confront his father- Darth
    Vader

13
STAGE 2 INITIATION
  • Reaching the Bottom
  • This is the point when all seems hopeless, and
    the hero has seemingly been defeated.
  • Jonah is trapped in the whale (or Ishmael inside
    of Moby Dick)
  • Marriage, Baptism, or Blessing
  • The hero comes out of the belly of the whale
    and receives a positive reward that is not
    financial he gets the girl, has the child, or is
    blessed by some spiritual being/ advisor.
  • The Little Mermaid gets her guy
  • Bella gets married to Edward

14
STAGE 2 INITIATION
  • Ultimate Boon
  • The achievement of the goal of the journey.
  • What examples can you think of???

15
STAGE 3 THE RETURN
  • The Crossing of the Return Threshold
  • Sometimes this involves a magical flight or
    rescue but sometimes the hero does not want to
    go back home he wants to keep on adventuring.
  • Examples???
  • Sharing the gift/ Living in the world/ preparing
    for next call
  • The hero is now comfortable and confident in both
    the known world and the shadow realm and is free
    to live in the moment.
  • Examples???

16
Group Task
  • Create a Hero Cycle Chart for Beowulf in the
    Notes section of your Writers Notebooks.
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