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POWER AND AUTHORITY

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Unit 9 POWER AND AUTHORITY Power: is one s capacity to influence others, Authority: is the right to direct others. Source of power ( Types of power ). – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POWER AND AUTHORITY


1
Unit 9
  • POWER AND AUTHORITY

2
  • Power is ones capacity to influence others,
  • Authority is the right to direct others.
  • Source of power ( Types of power ).
  • 1- Reward power comes from ability to reward
    others.
  • 2- Coercive power comes from ability to punish
    others.
  • 3- Legitimate power comes from position in
    hierarchy
  • 4- Referent power ( role model) followers desire
    to be like the leader
  • 5- Expert power power through knowledge, skills,
    and information .

3
  • Nurse managers have reward and coercive power
    over their subordinates.
  • Expert and referent power comes after manager and
    subordinates have worked together for some time.
  • These types of power makes nurse managers to be
    selected on the basis of their technical
    expertise and personal leadership qualities,
    including their ability to serve as a role model

4
  • Informal sources of power
  • Personal power not position power
  • Education, experience, drive, and decisiveness
    are viewed positively and help establish
    credibility.
  • Location individuals communicate more with
    people who are located near them in the
    organization, which increases their opportunities
    to influence
  • In general, people are most comfortable with
    others who share similar values, beliefs, and
    customs.

5
  • Authority
  • Is legitimate power determined by structure,
    involves roles and relations
  • The right to command
  • Individuals are socialized very early to respond
    to authority as children are conditioned to
    accept the directives.
  • Authority inherent in the position, not in the
    person
  • Authority is traditionally structured as line or
    staff
  • Staff authority has no command privileges.
  • -subordinates advise or assist managers in the
    performance of their duties

6
Techniques for Building power
  • 1. Expand personal resources by
  • Self awareness ????? ?????? .
  • Vitality?????
  • Resilience?????
  • Mental and emotional strength??????? ???? ??????
  • The ability to take risks . ?????? ??? ????
    ???????.
  • building resources in any of these areas will
    increase personal power

7
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 2. Present a powerful picture to others
  • (look, act, and talk )
  • Ex. The nurse who stands tall and is poised
    (ready), assertive, articulate, and well-groomed
    presents a picture of personal control and power
    .
  • 3- Pay the entry fee ???? ??? ???
  • Not clock watchers do more, work harder, and
    contribute to the organization.
  • Attend meetings work in any shifts and weekend
    and holiday without complaining.
  • A power base achieved through hard work .

8
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 4- Determine the powerful in the organization
    Understanding and working within both the formal
    and informal power structure is necessary.
  • The powerful individuals in the informal
    structure are often more difficult to identify
    than those in the formal.
  • 5- Learn the language and symbols of the
    organization
  • New members must understand and socialize with
    organizational culture and value system to build
    power.

9
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 6- Learn how to use the organization's
    priorities
  • 7- Increase professional skills and knowledge.
  • performance must be extraordinary to enhance
    power.
  • Excellence that reflects knowledge and skill
    enhances a nurses credibility and determines how
    they are viewed by others

10
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 8- Maintain a broad vision.
  • Power builders always look upward and outward.
  • People without vision rarely become very
    powerful.
  • 9- Use experts and seek counsel
  • By looking to others for advice and counsel
  • 10- Be flexible.

11
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 11- Develop visibility and a voice in the
    organization
  • Newcomers must become active in committees or
    groups and develop observational, listening and
    verbal skills.
  • 12- Learn to toot your own horn
  • - Self-respect one who is talented and unique.
  • 13- Maintain a sense of humor
  • Appropriate humor is very effective.

12
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • 14- Empower other
  • Leaders need to empower others and followers must
    empower their leaders.
  • Women are frequently bitter and envious of other
    woman, they withhold support and openly attack.
  • Nurses do not gain their share of power because
    they allow others to divide them and weaken their
    base.

13
Techniques for Building power.. Cont..
  • Some leaders don't teach others and not want to
    see others succeed. These individuals have been
    termed the queen bee syndrome.
  • The queen bee wants to be the main attraction and
    desires that subordinates remain powerless.
  • Power bring more power, while powerlessness
    generate more powerlessness.
  • (the end)
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