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U.S. Political Parties


U.S. Political Parties Democrats vs. Republicans Ms. Dennis & Mr. Patten PIG Spring 2014 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. Political Parties

U.S. Political Parties
  • Democrats vs. Republicans
  • Ms. Dennis Mr. Patten PIG Spring 2014

U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • What is a political party?
  • Organization of people who share similar ideas
    about the way the country should be governed

Political Party Systems
  • 3 Political Party Systems in the World
  • 1.) One Party System Political party and the
    government are the SAME
  • Only 1 party, so no competing ideas
  • Party membership based on lineage, wealth,
    military power, religious power
  • Example China (Communist Party)

Political Party Systems
  • 2.) Multi-Party System Three or more parties
    compete for control of the government
  • Common in Europe, Israel, Japan
  • Advantage provides voters with many different
    choices and ideas
  • Disadvantage difficult for one party to get
    majority of votes, which leads to a Coalition
  • EXAMPLE Italy (50 different govts. since
  • Daisy Alliance Sunflower Alliance
    Italian Communist
  • 500,000 votes 450,000 votes
    200,000 votes

Political Party Systems
  • 3. Two-Party System Two parties compete with
    each other to run the government.
  • Party system of U.S. Democrats and Republicans
  • Advantages Continuity
  • Disadvantages Minority parties (third parties)
    receive little attention focus is on two main

U.S. Political PartiesCharacteristics
  • Democratic Party
  • Tends to Attract
  • Working people (blue collar)
  • Liberals
  • Catholics
  • Minorities
  • Union Members
  • People in favor of govt. involvement in social

U.S. Political PartiesCharacteristics
  • Republican Party
  • Tends to attract
  • Businesspeople (white collar)
  • Protestants
  • Conservatives
  • Non-minorities
  • Non-union supporters
  • People against govt.involvement in social

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Abortion
  • Pro Choice
  • Favors contraceptive education to prevent
    necessity of abortion

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Abortion Pro-life Anti-Choice
  • Prefers funding go towards marriage education and
    abstinence only campaigns
  • Have tried several times to pass statutes that
    would allow prosecution of acts that harm fetuses

DemocratsThe Issues
  • The Economy and Taxes
  • In favor of large government and progressive tax
    system in which wealthy pay a larger share than
    the poor
  • Willing to raise taxes if needed to balance the
  • Laws needed to protect American businesses from
    international competition

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Environment
  • Support stronger environmental laws and
    protection of nature
  • Push for cleaner air and water
  • Support funding for preservation

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Environment
  • Favor the exploration of all resources in the
    U.S. for energy production and have generally
    opposed looking for more environment-friendly
    power alternatives
  • Pushed for oil drilling in ANWR, the building of
    more nuclear power plants, a shift towards the
    use of coal, and have submitted proposals that
    would weaken the Clean Air Act

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Gay Rights
  • Should be protected from workplace discrimination
    and hate crimes
  • Should be given equal work benefits like more
    traditional families
  • Gun Control
  • Strong advocates for gun control
  • Supported both the Brady Bill and the Assault
    Weapons Ban

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Gun Control
  • Favors allowing the sale of firearms to proceed
    more easily, and with fewer safety precautions
  • Opposes any new gun-control laws
  • Fought the regulation and banning of assault

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Gay Rights
  • Against giving gays equal rights in the eyes of
    the law
  • We do not believe sexual preference should be
    given special legal protection or standing in
  • Oppose idea of gay marriage seek to define
    marriage as union between man and woman
  • Supports amendment to the Constitution defining

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Health Care
  • Push for more Heath Care funding (Medicare,
    Childrens Health Insurance Program)
  • In favor of program to ensure all Americans have
    quality, affordable health care. (100 government
  • Support the Affordable Care Act

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Health Care
  • Believes health care should work within the free
    market system where competition will lower the
    costs of healthcare (no federal govt.
  • Against President Obamas Affordable Care Act

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Foreign Policy
  • Generally much more supportive of international
    agencies than are Republicans support NATO and
    the UN handling international affairs
  • Generally want to avoid U.S. involvement in
    international affairs
  • Tend to believe in diplomacy and slow to go to

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Foreign Policy
  • Have brushed aside international organizations in
    favor of unilateral policy of preemption
  • The previous Bush Doctrine supported preemptive
    invasion when necessary to protect the security
    of the U.S.
  • Argue that the use of American military force is
    essential for keeping the world safe for Democracy

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Education
  • More funding for struggling schools is necessary
  • Tax money should not be used on religious schools

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Education
  • Favor school vouchers because they think that by
    giving students more educational options,
    including religious schooling, a competitive
    market will be created
  • Argue public schools will be forced to improve in
    order to retain students

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Welfare/Social Security
  • Fundamental right of Americans government
    should provide a broad safety net (healthcare,
    education, welfare, food stamps) for the poor
  • Support increased child care for welfare
    recipients so they are more able to work steady
  • Support funding for job training so recipients
    will be more competitive in the job market
  • Best way to protect is to maintain federal
    government control protect those that are in
  • Largely oppose privatizing social security

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Social Security Favor privatization of social
  • Citizens will be able to opt to place portions of
    money that would have gone into Social Security
    into other types of accounts. Accounts will give
    the opportunity to play the stock market in an
    attempt to increase returns. (takes away Federal

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Workers Rights
  • Favor labor unions and workers rights
  • Includes right to organize free from harassment
    and the right to challenge employers for
    disability and discrimination cases.
  • Support worker movements to increase the minimum
    wage and worker benefits

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Workers Rights
  • Favor the rights of businesses to maximize
  • Favors workers and management working together to
    do what is in the best of all involved no
    outside influences (against Labor Unions)
  • Believes Labor Unions restrict production of
    businesses sees it as a regulation of business

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Crime and Punishment
  • Focus on rehabilitation sentences rather than
    long prison sentences for criminals
  • Usually against the death penalty
  • Focus on the rights of the accused

DemocratsThe Issues
  • Crime and Punishment
  • Focus on prison sentences as a deterrent to crime
  • Usually support the death penalty
  • Usually for stiffer penalties for convicted

RepublicansThe Issues
  • Welfare
  • Generally believe the United States should lessen
    the safety net provided for the poor
  • Believe private businesses and non profit
    charities can provide the same services
  • Favors increasing the mandatory work week for
    those receiving government assistance
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