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European Politics and Government

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Title: European Politics and Government


1
European Politics and Government
2
Characteristics of a democratic government
  • A democracy is a form of government in which the
    supreme power is vested in the people and
    exercised directly by them or by their elected
    agents under a free electoral system.

3
Unitary System
  • A unitary state is a state whose three organs of
    state are governed constitutionally as one single
    unit, with one constitutionally created
    legislature.
  • In a unitary state, any sub-governmental units
    can be created or abolished, and have their
    powers varied, by the central government.

4
Federal System
  • A system in which power is constitutionally
    distributed between a central authority and a
    number of constituent territorial units.

5
Reviewing types of democratic governments
6
Federal System
7
Confederate System
Switzerland and Ireland are some of the few
present day confederations.
The Articles of Confederation
8
Presidential System
House Session - C-SPAN Video Library
  • A system where an elected official serves as both
    chief of state and chief political executive in a
    republic having a presidential government.

9
How the EnglishParliamentary System Began
English Documents and Democracy
10
Parliamentary System
Parliament
  • Legislature holds supreme power.
  • Prime minister is chosen by members of the
    legislature (Parliament) from among their own
    number and is the leader of the majority party in
    the legislature.
  • Cabinet members must also belong to the
    legislature, where they are subject to the same
    kind of questioning that the prime minister
    experiences.
  • If the prime minister loses the support of the
    majority in the legislature on a significant
    vote, he or she must resign, and elections are
    called immediately.
  • Elections in parliamentary countries may occur at
    any time, the only restriction being (in Britain)
    that they must be held at least once every five
    years.

11
Constitution
  • A written document outlining the basic principles
    and laws of a nation, state, or social group that
    determine the powers and duties of the government
    and guarantee certain rights to the people in it.

12
Political Party
  • A group that is involved in the art or science
    concerned with guiding or influencing
    governmental policy.

13
Head of State
  • An elected official having the position of chief
    of state, but usually only minimal political
    powers in a republic having a parliamentary
    government.

14
Head of Government
  • An elected official having the position of the
    chief executive of a parliamentary government.

15
United States of America
  • Government Type Constitutional based federal
    republic
  • Administration Divisions 50 states and 1
    district
  • Constitution September 17, 1787
  • Legal System Federal court system based on
    English Common law
  • Executive Branch
  • Head of State President
  • Head of Government President
  • Legislative Branch Bicameral
  • Senate 100 members
  • House of Representatives 435 members
  • Judicial Branch Federal system
  • Federal Courts
  • State Courts
  • Local Courts
  • Political Parties Democratic, Republican,
    Libertarian and Green Party
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