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In Class this Week World History

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In Class this Week World History Monday- No School- Labor Day Tuesday- Review Formative, Enlightenment Philosopher Mini-Lesson Wednesday- Test Review Game – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In Class this Week World History


1
In Class this WeekWorld History
  • Monday- No School- Labor Day
  • Tuesday- Review Formative, Enlightenment
    Philosopher Mini-Lesson
  • Wednesday- Test Review Game
  • Thursday- Foundations of Democracy Unit Test
  • Friday- Return Tests, Debrief and Evaluate
    Foundations of Democracy Unit

2
HomeworkWorld History
  • Notes on Historical Figures- Handout 1.2F (due
    Thursday at time of Test)
  • Study for Test (Thursday 9-6)
  • All Late, missing, incomplete work due on
    Thursday at the time of the test.
  • Check Aeries- Assignments are posted

3
In Class this Week US History
  • Monday- No class- Labor Day
  • Tuesday- Go over quiz Bill of Rights Ranking
    Activity and Project Introduction
  • Wed. and Thursday- Work on your Bill of Rights
    Project (Due Thursday)
  • Friday- Unit One Test- Declaration of
    Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights

4
Quickwrite
  • Which philosopher do you agree with the most?
    Explain. Be sure to explain what this
    philosopher believed and contrast his/her beliefs
    with at least one other philosopher.

5
Plato
  • Background
  • Born in Greece in 428 B.C.
  • Close friend and student of Socrates
    (philosopher)
  • Studied philosophy, math, and government

6
Plato
  • Beliefs
  • Ideal Government
  • Individuals have strengths that can benefit
    society.
  • Role determined by talent- meritocracy
  • Education essential to good citizenship because
    educated seek wisdom and justice rather than
    wealth and power.
  • Democracy is mob rule by ignorant people.
  • Monarchy (autocracy) is also dangerous because
    erodes to tyranny.
  • Ideally, power and wisdom must be united in same
    person (recommend philosopher-kings)

7
Aristotle
8
General Facts
  • 384-322 B.C.E.
  • Born in Stagira, a small town on the northeast
    coast of Thrace
  • Father was physician to king of Macedonia
  • Traveled widely after Platos death ended up in
    Macedonia where he served as Alexander the
    Greats tutor
  • Returned to Athens in 335 to found his own
    academy, Lyceum

9
Aristotle
  • Beliefs
  • Ideal Form of Government
  • People are not born good but learn to be good
    through education and membership in society.
  • Philosophers should be independent spirits-
    beyond trivia of politics.
  • Everyone educated and participate for the good of
    society.
  • Monarchy would be great if the monarch could be
    trusted (but they cant)
  • Democracy is least dangerous, but most people
    spend their time working.
  • The best form of government would be an
    aristocracy, made up of educated members of the
    middle class.

10
Jean Jacque Rousseau
  • Background
  • Beliefs
  • Born in Geneva Switz. In 1712
  • Unstable Childhood
  • People are born in a state of nature (good,
    independent).
  • In nature people live happily.
  • Society leads to competition and corruption.

11
Jean Jacque Rousseau
  • Politics
  • Believes in direct democracy, people directly
    involved in government (Like Geneva, Switz.)
  • Anything but Direct Democracy leads to
    corruption.
  • Officers/administrators of gov. could administer
    will of people.

12
Baron de Montesquieu
  • Background
  • Born Charles Louis de Secondat in Bordeaux France
    in 1689.
  • Although wealthy, he was placed in the care of a
    poor family.
  • Later lived with uncle and assumed his title-
    Baron de Montesquieu

13
Baron de Montesquieu
  • Beliefs
  • Politics/Government
  • Religious conflict threatened stability.
  • NOT Atheism but religious tolerance.
  • He believed a monarchy with shared powers was the
    best form of government.
  • There should be a balance of power between
    different branches of gov.
  • Too much power in one person or branch leads to
    corruption and abuse.

14
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • 1759-1797
  • Believed women and men deserved the same rights
    and the same opportunities.
  • The ideal from of government would be a form of
    democracy in which branches shared power.

15
Elizabeth I
  • 1533-1603
  • Believed that her subjects were her children.
  • People had place in society.
  • The ideal form of government was a monarchy she
    shared power with parliament (sometimes
    reluctantly).

16
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1588-1679
  • Enlightened philosopher.
  • Social Contract Theory- Because people are
    selfish, they must give up some freedom in order
    to live safely and thrive.
  • Ideal from of government is a monarchy that
    serves the public interest.

17
John Locke
  • 1632-1704
  • Human beings are able to reason.
  • Social Contract Theory- Government is
    relationship between people and government.
  • Best form of government is a representative
    democracy with shared powers (branches).
  • People have right to life, liberty and property
    and may revolt in certain situations.

18
Louis XIV
  • 1638-1715
  • The Sun King
  • Believed in the Divine Right of Kings.
  • The best form of government is a powerful
    monarchy.
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