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Causes of WWI

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Causes of WWI Nationalism Intense pride led to rivalries Economic competition (trade, colonies) Political competition Military competition; arms buildup Feelings of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of WWI


1
Causes of WWI
2
Nationalism
  • Intense pride led to rivalries
  • Economic competition (trade, colonies)
  • Political competition
  • Military competition arms buildup
  • Feelings of racial superiority (Social Darwinism)

3
Imperialism
  • Competition for colonies around the world
  • Africa, Asia, Southern Europe

4
Alliances
  • Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
  • Triple Entente Britain, France, Russia
  • Belgium, Spain, Switzerland neutral
  • Bulgaria Turkey align with Alliance becomes
    Central Powers
  • Italy switches sides and joins Allies

5
Militarism
  • Build up of military
  • New weapons dreadnoughts, planes, zeppelins,
    tanks, flame throwers, grenades, poison gas

6
Powder Keg of Europe
  • Tension in the Balkans
  • Bosnian Serbs want independence from
    Austria-Hungary
  • Serbia wants to annex Bosnia
  • Austria wants to crush Serbian influence in
    Bosnia
  • Russia wants to control Balkans

7
Behind the Scenes
  • France bitter over loss of Alsace-Lorraine
  • Britain sees Germany as economic and military
    threat (militaristic under Bismarck)
  • Russia wants access to Mediterranean through
    Turkey
  • Russia wants influence in the Balkans
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