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Managing%20Libraries%20Through%20Open%20Source%20Software%20Packages

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Title: Managing%20Libraries%20Through%20Open%20Source%20Software%20Packages


1

Managing Libraries Through Open Source Software
Packages By Sangeeta Kaul Network Manager,
DELNET
2
What does Open Source mean?
  • The term open source refers to software that is
    free and that includes the original source code
    which is used to design it.
  • Open source software may be free and a developer
    or distributor may charge for services, including
    for special programming, installation, training,
    and technical support.
  • Quality, not profit drives open source developers
    who take personal pride in developing open source
    software.

3
Advantages of Open Source Software
  • Ability to tailor to fit local needs
  • The availability of the source code means that
    a user can modify and enhance the software
    according to ones own needs .
  • No restriction on use
  • There are no contractual restrictions on how
    and where the software is used .
  • Low cost
  • There is no charge for the software itself.
    The major cost is local development. If the
    number of users are large, and they share their
    efforts and expertise, each users cost is
    reduced.

4
Disadvantages of Open Source Software
  • Unanticipated Efforts A library may find that
    it needs to do a great deal of more work than
    anticipated to adopt the software.
  • Lack of coordination The decentralized
    development of open source software means that
    progress can be chaotic and there may be delays
    in addressing bugs.
  • Inadequate technical support Documentation
    tends to be limited and aimed at developers.
    There is limited technical support, especially
    for users of the software
  • Customization Open source software may not
    offer the level of customization as it is being
    done in case of commercial software.

5
Building Collections
6
What is a CMS?
  • A content management system (CMS) is considered
    as a web-application which is used to manage
    work flow needed to collaboratively create, edit,
    review, index, search, publish and archive
    various kinds of digital media and electronic
    text.1

7
What's a content management system (CMS)?
  • A content management system is software that
    keeps track of every piece of content on your Web
    site.
  • Content examples
  • simple text
  • Photos
  • Music
  • Video
  • Documents
  • A major advantage of using a CMS is that it
    requires almost no technical skill or knowledge
    to manage.

8
Why use a CMS?
  • It helps manage complexity.
  • It provides a user interface (UI) for adding,
    editing and publishing content.
  • It provides a means for collaboration among many
    to perform the above tasks.

9
  • Drupal
  • An overview of the architecture, features and
    basic site-building workflow of the CMS.

10
What is Drupal?
  • Open Source software written in php.
  • A CMS or content-management system.
  • A sophisticated web application building tool.

11
What can Drupal do?
  • To create blogs
  • To develop Forums
  • To publish Online content, Portals / Directories
  • Social community site
  • Video site like youTube
  • Project management sites
  • CRM, ERP, SCM, Wiki
  • E-learning, training site

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13
Content Management System
14
Whats it used for?
  • Joomla is used for all types of websites
  • Corporate Web sites or portals
  • Corporate intranets and extranets
  • Online magazines, newspapers, and publications
  • E-commerce and online reservations
  • Government applications
  • Small business Web sites
  • Non-profit and organizational Web sites
  • Community-based portals
  • School and church Web sites
  • Personal or family homepages

15
What is Joomla?
  • Joomla is an award-winning content management
    system (CMS).
  • Create
  • Applications
  • Web Pages
  • Forms
  • Open Source
  • Joomla is the most popular web site software
    available.

16
Joomla Templates
  • Build your own template
  • Use one of Joomlas pre-installed templates
  • Open source community templates

17
Joomla Templates
18
Example
  • IHOP
  • Menus
  • Logos
  • Email
  • Newsletters

19
Administrator Login Page
20
  • Institutional Repositories

21

DSpace is an open source repository application
22
What is Dspace?
  • DSpace is a software that allows you to capture
    items in any format in text, video, audio, and
    data. It indexes your work, so users can search
    and retrieve your items. It preserves your
    digital work over the long term.
  • DSpace is typically used for building an
    institutional repository. It has three main
    roles
  • Facilitate the capture and ingest of materials,
    including metadata about the materials
  • Facilitate easy access to the materials, both by
    listing and searching
  • Facilitate the long term preservation of the
    materials

23
What are the benefits of using DSpace?
  • Some example benefits
  • Getting your research results out quickly, to a
    worldwide audience
  • Storing reusable teaching materials that you can
    use with course management systems
  • Archiving and distributing material you would
    currently put on your personal website
  • Storing examples of students projects (with the
    students permission)
  • Showcasing students theses (again with
    permission)
  • Keeping track of your own publications/bibliograph
    y
  • Having a persistent network identifier for your
    work, that never changes or breaks

24
What can DSpace be used for?
  • DSpace can be used to store any type of digital
    medium. Examples include
  • Journal papers
  • Data sets
  • Electronic theses
  • Reports
  • Conference posters
  • Videos
  • Images

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26
EPrints
  • Open Source software which creates online
    archives
  • Developed by University of Southampton, UK
  • Supports self-archiving of e-prints
  • Can be configured as institutional repository or
    otherwise, e.g. repository focused on particular
    research area or discipline
  • Licensed under GNU General Public License
  • software.eprints.org

27
EPrints
  • Supports submission, management of, and access to
    digital content
  • Can support multiple archives on one server
  • Moderated or immoderate archives
  • Search and retrieval
  • Based on metadata
  • Metadata can be customized for different archives
    and document types
  • No access control
  • OAI-PMH data provider

28
EPrints Technology
  • OS Unix or Linux
  • Written in Perl
  • Requirements
  • Apache web server
  • MySQL relational database

29
EPrints Demonstration
  • Digital Library of the Commons
  • dlc.dlib.indiana.edu

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31

Digital Library Software Built on Open-Source XML
Technologies
32
Technologies
  • METS XML
  • LC standard for encoding digital library objects
  • Descriptive Metadata (DC, MODS)
  • Administrative Metadata (technical, digital
    provenance, rights)
  • Structural Metadata (physical, logical)
  • More Info
  • http//www.loc.gov/standards/mets

33
Technologies
  • eXist-db
  • Native XML Database
  • REST API
  • XQuery support
  • Open Source
  • More info
  • http//exist.sourceforge.net

34
Technologies
  • Orbeon (XForms)
  • Fully interactive forms (AJAX)
  • Fully integrated with XML (schema validation)
  • Open Source
  • More Info
  • http//www.orbeon.com
  • http//www.w3.org/MarkUp/Forms

35
Workflow
  • Image / Book Scanning
  • Batch file processing
  • Enter metadata (descriptive, technical, etc)
  • Define physical structural hierarchies
  • Assign resources (images, transcriptions)
    manually or through batch processing
  • Publish item (make available online)

36
Workflow - Scanning
  • Scan resource
  • Crop images
  • Move TIFFs to server
  • Overnight process runs
  • Original (TIFF)
  • Large (JPEG)
  • Medium (JPEG)
  • Thumbnail (JPEG)
  • OCR-Dirty (JPEG)

37
Workflow Create Resource
  • Create new collection (if applicable)
  • Instantiate new resource
  • Enter Metadata
  • Header Info
  • Descriptive Metadata (DC, MODS)
  • Technical / Administrative Metadata

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42
Open Source ILS Software
KOHA
43
Koha Freeware ILS
  • Koha is a full-featured open-source ILS.
    Developed initially in New Zealand by Katipo
    Communications Ltd. It is currently maintained by
    a team of software providers and library
    technology staff from around the globe.

44
KOHA Modules
  • Acquisition
  • Cataloguing
  • Serial Management
  • Patron
  • Circulation
  • Koha Reports
  • Administration
  • Tools
  • Web OPAC
  • Dual Database Design Text-based and RDBMS to
    handle the transaction load of any library

45
Koha Standards
  • The developers of the product have taken care to
    adhere strictly to international standards.
  • Industry standards Z39.50, UNIMARC, ISO2709,
    MARC21.
  • Web standards recommended by the World Wide Web
    Consortium.

46
Why KOHA ILS
  • Compared to a commercial software there are no
    costs to download and install
  • There are no recurring license fee therefore
    sustainable
  • Can be customized to suit the users
    requirements
  • Can be shared with other small medium libraries
    amongst other advantages

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49
Evergreen - Open Source Library Software
50
 Introduction
  • Evergreen is an open source library automation
    software designed to meet the needs of the very
    smallest to the very largest libraries and
    consortia. Through its staff interface, it
    facilitates the management, cataloguing, and
    circulation of library materials, and through its
    online public access interface it helps patrons
    find those materials.
  • The Evergreen software is freely licensed under
    the GNU General Public License, meaning that it
    is free to download, use, view, modify, and
    share. It has an active development and user
    community, as well as several companies offering
    migration, support, hosting, and development
    services.

51
Evergreen
  • http//www.open-ils.org
  • Evergreen is an enterprise-class library
    automation system that helps library patrons find
    library materials, and helps libraries manage,
    catalog, and circulate those materials, no matter
    how large or complex the libraries. As a
    community, our development requirements are that
    Evergreen must be
  • Evergreen is open source software, freely
    licensed under the GNU GPL.

52
Evergreen Features
  • Acquisitions
  • Administration
  • Cataloguing
  • Circulation
  • Client
  • OPAC

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55

OPen-source Automated Library System
56
Introduction
  • OPALS Open-source Automated Library System is
    a powerful cooperatively developed, Web-based,
    open source program. This alternative technology
    provides Internet access to information
    databases, library collections and digital
    archives. Many school, college, research,
    business, religious and library union catalogs
    (that provide ILL services) use OPALS. There is
    no need to install software or purchase expensive
    computer hardware or software licenses to
    implement this powerful, turnkey Internet
    accessible system. The total cost of ownership
    of this standards-based, Web-based, feature rich
    software is demonstrably and undeniably
    sustainable.

57
OPALS Features
  • OPALS stores complete MARC format bibliographic
    records. OPALS uses data in the fixed fields,
    indicator bytes and sub-fields to access
    resources efficiently and to display that data
    effectively.
  • There are several ways to add MARC records to
    OPALS.
  • Original entry - using OPALS feature-rich MARC
    editor
  • Z-import uses a built-in z39.50 client to
    access protocol compliant databases (ex. Library
    of Congress, National Library of Canada, etc.,
    National Library of Scotland, etc.) to retrieve
    MARC records, edit, and save them

58
Batch Import MARC record files (ex. from
vendors) eBook MARC record Batch Import Wizard
globally and simultaneously enhances vendor
provided records to display eBook media icon,
your own text link descriptors, eBook call
number prefix, prevents merging with print
versions of same title publications Library of
Congress Subject Authority File Access Local
Subject Heading Access
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60
electronic resource management system
61
Introduction
  • CORAL is an electronic resource management system
    built by the University of Notre Dame's Hesburgh
    Libraries. The first module, Licensing, was
    released as open source software in the summer of
    2010 and we have continued releasing new modules
    since then. It is designed to be both simple and
    highly customizable - each module can be
    installed independently or used together
    depending on your library's needs.
  • CORAL is released as open source software under
    GPL v. 3 and is available on GitHub.

62
CORAL Modules
  • Resources
  • Licensing
  • Organizations
  • Usage
  • Get CORAL
  • Open Source
  • CORAL Community
  • http//erm.library.nd.edu

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CUFTS Open-Source ERMS
65
What is it?
  • Open source serials management
  • Alternative to commercial solutions
  • Electronic resource management
  • Public A-Z list of journals
  • Open url/DOI link resolving (GODOT)
  • Overlap reports
  • MARC record management and output

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About CUFTS
  • Developed at Simon Fraser University (Canada).
  • Central instance hosting over 30 libraries at SFU
  • Many instances installed world-wide
  • Libraries can join the hosted central instance
    for a reasonable fee or download and install the
    system locally for free as open source DIY.
  • Designed to host multiple libraries as separate
    sites.
  • CUFTS is based on perl and PostgreSQL on linux.
    Ubuntu is preferred over Red Hat.
  • I have no idea what the acronym stands for!

68
CUFTS Features
  • All the services driven by a knowledge base of
    e-resources and titles belonging to those
    e-resources.
  • Knowledge Base now contains 464 resources and
    almost 586,000 title records, updated monthly,
    and distributed by the central SFU instance.
  • Each CUFTS library sharing an instance has its
    own Local Resources
  • Point to a global resource in the knowledge base
  • Can be unique to the library and not part of the
    knowledge base
  • Can include print resources

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PlagiarismChecker Check for Plagiarism On the
Web for Free
72
PlagiarismChecker.com makes it simple for
educators to check whether a student's paper has
been copied from the Internet. Users can also use
the "Author" option to check if others have
plagiarized their work online. It is very easy to
use as it does not require any download or
installation.
73
Anti-Plagiarism Check on plagiarism
74
  • Anti-Plagiarism - software designed to
    effectively detect and thereby prevent
    plagiarism. It is a versatile tool to deal with
    World Wide Web copy-pasting information from the
    assignment of authorship.
  • The goal of this program is to help reduce the
    impact of plagiarism on education and educational
    institutions. At present, it distributes free
    software to detect plagiarism

75
  • Checking documents in a format .rtf, .doc,
    .docx, .pdf
  • Check the source code C, C, C, Java, ...
  • License
  • Academic Free License (AFL), GNU General Public
    License version 2.0 (GPLv2)
  • WEB http//ikc2.tup.km.ua/index_us.shtml

76
accurate, easy and free...
77
Introduction
 Viper is a fast plagiarism detection tools with
the ability to scan your document through more
than 10 billion resources, such as academic
essays and other online sources, offering
side-by-side comparisons for plagiarism. Its
free and you can download it very easily. Just
keep in mind that it requires a download. Just
note that Viper is available to Microsoft Windows
users only.
78
Features
  • Check your essay against 10 billion
  • sources
  • Scan against essays on your computer
  • Scan against essays published on the
  • Internet
  • Easy side-by-side highlighted comparison
  • Free, unlike most other scanners
  • 100 accurate
  • Web http//www.scanmyessay.com/features.php

79
an open source web conferencing system
80
What is BigBlueButton?
  • BigBlueButton is an open source web conferencing
    system for on-line learning. BigBlueButton
    enables you to share documents (PDF and any
    office document), webcams, chat, audio and your
    desktop. It can also record sessions for later
    playback.

81
Open Source License
  • The components developed by the BigBlueButton
    project are available under the GNU Lesser
    General Public License. BigBlueButton
    incorporates the red5phone project, which is
    developed under the GPL license.
  • This means that you are free to integrate
    BigBlueButton within your educational or
    commercial applications, whether you distribute
    the applications or run them on a hosted
    environment, as long as you adhere to the terms
    of the LGPL license and, if you use red5phone,
    the GPL license.
  • Web for free Demo http//bigbluebutton.org/video
    s/
  • Web http//bigbluebutton.org/

82
Open Source Web Meeting Software
83
  • WebHuddle is easy to use and flexible in delivery
    and installation.
  • To create a meeting today, simply click the log
    in button, create a profile, and follow the
    instructions for uploading content and conducting
    your WebHuddle virtual meeting.
  • Demo http//webhuddle.sourceforge.net/demos/
  • Web https//www.webhuddle.com/

84
What are the main benefits of using WebHuddle?
  • Use any Java-enabled computer (Linux, Windows,
    Unix, Mac) 
  • The client runs in your web browser, through
    firewalls and proxies, and requires no
    installation. The user interface is intuitive and
    requires little or no training.
  • The client runs in your web browser, through
    firewalls and proxies, and requires no
    installation. The user interface is intuitive and
    requires little or no training.
  • The client applet weighs in at only 75 to 175
    kilobytes, depending on platform and features
    used.
  • Leverage the many benefits of open source
    software, including value, transparency, and
    flexibility. If you find WebHuddle useful you
    may download it and freely install it on your own
    hardware.

85
PHP Video Conference
86
Description
  • VideoWhisper Video Conference is a modern web
    based multiple way video chat and real time file
    sharing tool.
  • Video Conference key features
  • many to many 2 way video chat
  • 3 default video panels
  • unlimited extra video panels
  • user list with online participants
  • room list with avatars

87
  • file sharing
  • private messaging
  • profile picture , info and link
  • push to talk
  • P2P group streaming support
  • codec setup (H264, Speex, NellyMoser)
  • acoustic echo cancellation
  • session timer and control with scripts
  • 100 web based for clients
  • GNU General Public License version 3.0 (GPLv3)
  • Demo http//www.videowhisper.com/demos/conferenc
    e/
  • Web http//www.videowhisper.com/

88
Audacity is free, open source, cross-platform
software for recording and editing sounds.
89
About Audacity
  • Audacity is free, open source, cross-platform
    software for recording and editing sounds.
  • Audacity is available for Windows, Mac,
    GNU/Linux and other operating systems.
  • The interface is translated into many languages.
  • Audacity is free software, developed by a group
    of volunteers and distributed under the GNU
    General Public License (GPL).
  • Web http//audacity.sourceforge.net/

90
Features
  • Record live audio.
  • Record computer playback on any Windows Vista or
    later machine.
  • Convert tapes and records into digital recordings
    or CDs.
  • Edit WAV, AIFF, FLAC, MP2, MP3 or Ogg Vorbis
    sound files.
  • AC3, M4A/M4R (AAC), WMA and other formats
    supported using optional libraries.
  • Cut, copy, splice or mix sounds together.
  • Numerous effects including change the speed or
    pitch of a recording.

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OSS Discovery is an open source tool
93
About OSS Discovery
  • OSS Discovery is an open source tool that finds
    embedded and installed open source software.
  • It can be used to inventory open source software
    across an enterprise or on a single computer.
  • OSS Discovery also allows individuals and
    companies to easily contribute data about open
    source software usage to The Open Source Census.
  • OSS Discovery uses a library of open source
    "fingerprints" to uniquely identify a wide range
    of open source software.
  • Easy-to-understand results Each OSS Discovery
    scan produces a text file listing the open source
    packages and versions found.

94
  • Multi-platform OSS Discovery scans
    workstations and servers running Windows, Linux,
    Mac, FreeBSD, or Solaris operating systems.
  • Contribute to The Open Source Census OSS
    Discovery provides an option to anonymously
    contribute scan results to The Open Source
    Census. The Open Source Census is a global,
    collaborative project to collect and share
    quantitative data on the use of open source
    software in enterprise. Contributors to The Open
    Source Census can view summarized results for
    their scans as well as benchmark their open
    source usage against similar organizations.
  • Web http//ossdiscovery.sourceforge.net/
  • User Guide http//ossdiscovery.sourceforge.net/u
    ser-guide.htmlsection2

95
WWW Search Engine Software
96
Features
  • ht//Dig has the ability to search through many
    servers on a network by acting as a WWW browser.
  • The whole system is released under the GNU
    General Public License.
  • Searches can be arbitrarily complex using
    boolean expressions.
  • The output of a search can easily be tailored to
    your needs by means of providing HTML templates.
  • Web http//www.htdig.org/

97
Web Search by the people, for the people
98
About YACY
  • YaCy is a free search engine that anyone can use
    to build a search portal for their intranet or to
    help search the public internet.
  • When contributing to the world-wide peer
    network, the scale of YaCy is limited only by the
    number of users in the world and can index
    billions of web pages.
  • It is fully decentralized, all users of the
    search engine network are equal, the network does
    not store user search requests and it is not
    possible for anyone to censor the content of the
    shared index.

99
  • YaCy is free software which means that we use a
    free software licence, the GPL (version 2).
  • This software was developed by a volunteer
    developer community.
  • For Video Tutorial http//yacy.net/en/index.htm
    l

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