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MENTAL HEALTH AND SUICIDE PREVENTION 101

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MENTAL HEALTH AND SUICIDE PREVENTION 101 Dr. Dan Reidenberg, PsyD Executive Director SAVE – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MENTAL HEALTH AND SUICIDE PREVENTION 101


1
MENTAL HEALTH AND SUICIDE PREVENTION 101
Dr. Dan Reidenberg, PsyD Executive Director
SAVE
2
The Mental Health Continuum
Mental Illness
Emotional Wellness
3
Mental Health Disorders
  • Brain diseases are just like other medical
    diseases
  • Affect everyone - no one is a specific target
  • Can come on at any time
  • Most common
  • Mood disorders depression, bipolar disorder
  • Substance abuse disorders abuse, dependency
  • Anxiety disorders many types
  • Thought disorders schizophrenia

4
Brain P.E.T. Scan
Depression
Normal
Transaxial
Sagittal
Red indicates greater brain activity blue
indicates lesser
5
Educate Yourself on Depression
  • Chemical imbalance in the brain which affects the
    whole body
  • Thoughts
  • Feelings
  • Behaviors
  • Physical health

6
Know the Symptoms of Depression
?
  • Persistently feeling sad, empty or numb crying
    easily
  • Sleeping more or less than usual trouble
    sleeping
  • Loss of energy, fatigued
  • Feeling hopeless, helpless, worthless or
    guilty pessimism
  • Feeling angry, irritable or moody fighting and
    arguing a lot
  • Avoiding friends, withdrawal
  • Loss of interest in things that used to be fun
    isolating

?
?
?
?
?
?
7
Know the Symptoms of Depression
?
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making
    decisions
  • Thinking about and/or planning or attempting
    suicide
  • Eating disturbances more of less than usual
  • Recurring headaches, backaches, or stomachaches
  • Alcohol or drug use to escape or mask feelings
  • Feeling alienated or outcast alone even when
    with friends

?
?
?
?
?
8
Depression is Treatable
  • Depression is a treatable physical illness
  • Over 90 of cases can be successfully treated
  • Need to see a doctor or psychiatrist for
    diagnosis and treatment

9
Depression Can Be Fatal
  • Most people who die by suicide have a brain
    illness (e.g., depression, schizophrenia,
    substance abuse) at the time of death.

10
But there is hope
  • However, most people with a brain illness do not
    die by suicide.

11
20-25 million people in the U.S. suffer from
depression each year.
36,000 people in the U.S. die from suicide each
year.
12
Suicide Factors
  • Key Risk Factors
  • Mental Health Problems (family history of
    depression, substance abuse and/or suicide)
  • Sexual orientation and/or identity issues
  • Abuse being teased, bullied, excluded or
    discriminated against
  • Relationship Problems (school, work or the law)
  • Stress of a new situation (beginning a new
    school, job or college, relocating to a new
    community)
  • Impulsive or aggressive tendencies
  • Loss of a loved one, relationship, home or
    security
  • Easy access to lethal means
  • Chronic or terminal physical illness
  • Brain illnesses, particularly depression,
    schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and certain
    personality disorders
  • Previous attempts
  • Protective Factors
  • Social Support
  • Belonging caring
  • Effective Coping Skills
  • Policies Culture that
  • Approve/encourage help seeking behavior
  • Protect those who seek help

13
Suicide
FACTS
MYTHS
  • No one can stop suicide, it is inevitable
  • Most suicidal people do not want to die, they
    want to stop the pain

14
Suicide
FACTS
MYTHS
  • Talking about suicide will plant ideas in a
    persons head.
  • Talking about suicide openly lowers anxiety,
    opens up communication and increases the chance
    that people will use help seeking behaviors.

15
Suicide
FACTS
MYTHS
  • Suicidal people keep their plans to themselves.
  • Most suicidal people communicate their intent
    sometime during the week preceding their attempt.

16
Know the Warning Signs of Suicide
  • Suicidal people give Warning Signs to various
    people in their lives

17
Warning Signs of Suicide
  • Talking about wanting to die or kill oneself.
  • Looking for a way to kill oneself, such as
    searching online or buying a gun.
  • Talking about feeling hopeless or having no
    reason to live. Talking about feeling trapped or
    in unbearable pain.
  • Talking about being a burden to others.
  • Increasing the use of alcohol or drugs.
  • Acting anxious or agitated behaving recklessly.
  • Sleeping too little or too much.
  • Withdrawing or feeling isolated.
  • Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge.
  • Displaying extreme mood swings.

18
Direct Verbal Warning Signs
Im thinking about suicide.
Im going to kill myself.
Im going to end it all.
If (such and such) doesnt happen, Ill kill
myself.
I wish I were dead.
19
Indirect Verbal Warning Signs
I just want out!
I shouldnt have been born.
I wish I were dead.
I wont be around much longer.
My family would be better off without me.
20
Find Someone Who Can Help
  • Parents, guardian, or other family member
  • School psychologist, social worker, counselor, or
    nurse
  • Teacher
  • Personal physician or nurse
  • Personal clergy
  • Your local hospital
  • 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
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