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Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200 What OSHA Wants You To Know Right To Know / MSDS What are MSDS? Where are your MSDS? Hazard Communication Standard Agenda ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazard Communication


1
Hazard Communication
  • 29 CFR 1910.1200
  • What OSHA Wants You To Know

2
Right To Know / MSDS
  • What are MSDS?
  • Where are your MSDS?

3
Hazard Communication Standard
  • Agenda
  • Chemical Hazards
  • Written Hazard Communication Program
  • Employee protective measures
  • Container Labeling Requirements
  • Material Safety Data Sheets
  • MSDS inventory
  • General Spill Clean-Up
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Contractor Requirements

4
Close Encounters with Chemicals
  • Many chemicals can cause injury or illness if not
    handled properly.
  • We encounter chemicals almost every day
  • Filling your vehicle with gasoline
  • Cleaning the bathroom
  • Applying pesticides or insecticides
  • Using solvents or acids at work

5
Chemical Inventory Listing
  • Maintain a current list of ALL chemicals or
    products on site, including specific uses.
  • Make the list available to all employees.
  • Make the list available during each work shift.

6
Hazards of Chemicals
  • Physical Hazards
  • Flammable below 100 F
  • Combustible 100 200 F
  • Explosive a chemical that causes a sudden,
    almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas,
    and heat when subjected to sudden shock,
    pressure, or high temperature.
  • Reactive - reactionary materials can cause damage
    to the human body by release of gases that will
    burn, explode, or produce high pressure that can
    inflict injury to a person nearby Health Hazards
  • Sensitizer - produces hyperallergic condition
  • Irritant - reversible inflammatory reaction
  • Corrosive - irreversible tissue injury
  • Toxic poisonous

7
Hazards of Chemicals
  • Health hazard means that acute or chronic health
    effects may occur in exposed employees -
    including chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic
    or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins,
    irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins,
    nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on
    the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage
    the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.

8
Written Hazard Communication Program
  • Employers shall develop, implement, and maintain
    at each workplace, a written hazard communication
    program which at least describes how the criteria
    specified for labels and other forms of warning,
    material safety data sheets, and employee
    information and training will be met, and which
    also includes the following
  • A list of the hazardous chemicals known to be
    present
  • The methods the employer will use to inform
    employees of the hazards of chemicals in their
    work areas.

9
Written Hazard Communication Program
  • Also includes methods the employer will use to
    inform other employers (contractors) of chemical
    hazards, precautionary measures, and the labeling
    system used
  • The employer shall make the written hazard
    communication program available, upon request, to
    employees, or their designated representatives

10
Employee Protective Measures
  • Container Labeling
  • Who is responsible for labeling secondary
    containers?

11
Label Requirements (continued)
  • Label all chemical containers that are not going
    to be used immediately.
  • DO NOT USE containers that resemble beverage
    containers.
  • Have a adequate labeling supply

12
Manufacturers Labeling
  • Primary Containers
  • Identity of the hazardous chemical(s)
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Poison
  • Danger
  • Warning
  • Caution
  • First Aid Statement
  • Name and address of manufacturer or responsible
    party

13
Secondary Labeling Requirements
  • Same information as Primary Labels
  • Identity of the hazardous chemical(s)
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Poison
  • Danger
  • Warning
  • Caution
  • First Aid Statement
  • Name and address of manufacturer or responsible
    party

14
Secondary Labeling Requirements
  • Secondary labels may be hand written if
  • They are legible and the ink doesnt smear or run
  • They contain the required information
  • Identity of the hazardous chemical(s)
  • Appropriate hazard warnings
  • Poison
  • Danger
  • Warning
  • Caution
  • First Aid Statement
  • Name and address of manufacturer or responsible
    party

15
Secondary Labeling Requirements
  • not required to label portable containers into
    which hazardous chemicals are transferred from
    labeled containers, and which are intended only
    for the immediate use of the employee who
    performs the transfer. 1910.1200(f)(7)
  • Handing container to another person label
    required
  • Breaks Lunch out of your direct control
    label required
  • Mop Buckets unattended label required

16
Hazard Rating System

  • Two numbering systems
  • NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
  • HMIS (Hazardous Material Identification System)
  • National Paint and Coatings Association

17
Product Safety
  • Hazard labeling
  • Caution/warning/danger/poison
  • National Fire Protection Association system
  • Red fire hazard
  • Blue health hazard
  • Yellow reactivity
  • White specific hazard
  • 0 through 4
  • HMIS (Hazardous Material Identification System)
  • Red fire hazard
  • Blue health hazard
  • Yellow reactivity
  • White specific hazard PPE Requirements
  • 0 through 4

18
Five Hazards Levels
  • HMIS
  • 4 Severe
  • 3 Serious
  • 2 Moderate
  • 1 Slight
  • 0 Minimal
  • NFPA
  • 4 Extreme
  • 3 High
  • 2 Moderate
  • 1 Slight
  • 0 Insignificant

19
NFPA Diamond
20
HMIS
21
MSDS
  • Each material safety data sheet shall be in
    English (although the employer may maintain
    copies in other languages as well), and shall
    contain at least the following information

22
Material Safety Data Sheets
  • SECTION CONTENTS
  • I Product Identity
  • II Ingredients Identity Information
  • III Physical/Chemical Characteristics
  • IV Fire/Explosion Data
  • V Physical Hazard Data
  • VI Health Hazards Data
  • VII Precautions for Safe Handling and Use
  • VIII Control Measures PPE
  • IX Additional Information

23
Section I Product Identity
  • Product Name
  • Manufacturers Information
  • Name
  • Address
  • Phone Number business hours
  • 24-hour Emergency Phone Number
  • National Chemical Emergency hotline

24
Section II - Ingredients/ Identity Information
  • Name(s) of Hazardous Chemicals
  • Top 5 by weight
  • CAS (Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number)
  • OSHA PEL Permissible Exposure Limit
  • ACGIH Time Weighted Averages for concentrate.
  • STEL Is the exposure concentration that is not
    to be exceed for a Short Term Exposure (15
    Minutes)

25
Section III - Physical / Chemical
Characteristics
  • Why?
  • Physical and chemical changes can affect the type
    and degree of hazard
  • Boiling Point Temperature a liquid becomes a
    gas.
  • Vapor Pressure Pressure exerted on the container
    between the liquid level and the cap.
  • Vapor Density Is the vapor heavier or lighter
    than air
  • Solubility In Water How well does the product
    mix with water

26
Section III - Physical / Chemical
Characteristics
  • Specific Gravity Is the product heavier or
    lighter than water
  • Percent Volatile By Volume How much of the
    product will evaporate?
  • Evaporation Rate How fast does it evaporate?
  • Appearance and Odor Changes can indicate
    product is not what you thought was in the
    container.

27
Section IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
  • Flash Point The minimum temperature at which a
    liquid gives off a vapor in sufficient
    concentration to ignite.
  • Flammable Limits LEL (Lower Explosive Limit)
    and UEL (Upper Explosive Limit)
  • Firefighting Information What Material to use
    (water, foam, etc.) to put out a fire involving
    this chemical special precautions, etc.

28
Section V - Physical Hazards
  • Stability How well the chemical resists change.
  • Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid) Mixing two
    chemical may form a toxic or explosive mixture.
  • Hazardous Decomposition Products or Byproducts
    When a product breaks down by heat, chemical
    reaction, decay etc. to form an new hazardous
    chemical

29
Section VI - Health Hazard Data
  • Definition A chemical substance that is either
    an
  • Acute (immediate) health hazard Usually
    minutes, hours or several days.
  • or
  • Chronic (delayed) health hazard Regular
    exposure over months, years, or a lifetime

30
Section VI - Health Hazard Data
  • Routes of Entry
  • Ingestion
  • Entry may occur by eating, drinking or smoking
    without washing hands first
  • Absorption
  • Entry my occur through contact with skin, eyes,
    nose, mouth, etc.
  • Inhalation
  • Entry may occur through the inhalation of
    chemical vapors not the fragrance in a product

31
Section VI - Health Hazard Data
  • Carcinogen or Potential Carcinogen must be listed
    if greater than 0.1 by weight.
  • Signs and Symptoms of Exposure How to recognize
    exposure (taste, irritations, headache, nausea,
    etc.)
  • Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated By
    Exposure Conditions that could be made worse by
    exposure
  • Emergency and First-Aid Procedures What to do
    in case of exposure.

32
Section VII Precautions for Safe Handling and
Use
  • Steps to be taken in case material is released or
    spilled
  • Precautions to be taken in handling and storage

33
Section VIII Control Measures
  • How to keep yourself safe
  • Respiratory Protection (Specify Type)
  • Ventilation
  • Local Exhaust
  • Protective Gloves
  • Eye Protection
  • Other Protective Clothing or Equipment
  • Work / Hygienic Practices

34
Section IX Additional Information
  • Transportation Information for example
  • Signage requirements, etc.

35
MSDS Inventory
  • The first page in the MSDS book should be a list
    of the MSDS that should be in the book
  • Consistently in the top 5 violations issued by
    OSHA

36
General Precautions For Spill Clean-Up
  • Wear appropriate protective equipment
  • Read MSDS
  • Follow Ventilation Requirements
  • Read MSDS
  • Clean up small spills to prevent them from being
    mistaken for water
  • Read MSDS
  • For large spills, contact supervisor
  • Store acidic products away from alkaline products
    to prevent reactions in case of leaks or spills
  • Read MSDS
  • When diluting, always add acids to water, never
    water to acids
  • Read MSDS

37
Personal Protective Equipment
  • The objective for wearing personal protective
    equipment is to prevent dangerous chemical
    contact with your person or street clothes
  • Dust masks and respirators
  • Glasses, goggles, and face shields
  • Gloves
  • Foot protection (Rubber boots)
  • Aprons or full-body suits
  • 99 of the chemicals involved in housekeeping,
    especially once diluted, pose minimal risks as
    long as precautions are followed
  • Read MSDS

38
Contractor Safety Requirements
  • Outside Contractors must
  • Inform representatives about chemicals
  • Provide MSDSs upon request
  • Facility or employer representatives must
  • Inform the contractor about chemicals
  • Provide MSDSs upon request

39
Employee Information and Training
  • Employers shall provide employees with effective
    information and training on hazardous chemicals
    in their work area
  • At the time of their initial assignment,
  • Whenever a new physical or health hazard is
    introduced into their work area.
  • May cover categories of hazards
  • Flammability, carcinogenicity, etc.
  • Specific chemicals
  • Chemical-specific information must always be
    available through labels and material safety data
    sheets.

40
Employee Training
  • Employee training shall include at least
  • Methods and observations that may be used to
    detect the presence or release of a hazardous
    chemical in the work area
  • such as monitoring conducted by the employer
  • continuous monitoring devices
  • visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals
    when being released, etc.
  • The physical and health hazards of the chemicals
    in the work area

41
Employee Training
  • Employee training shall include at least
  • The measures employees can take to protect
    themselves from these hazards
  • including specific procedures the employer has
    implemented to protect employees from exposure to
    hazardous chemicals
  • appropriate work practices
  • emergency procedures
  • personal protective equipment to be used

42
Employee Training
  • Employee training shall include at least
  • The details of the hazard communication program
    developed by the employer, including an
    explanation of
  • the labeling system
  • the material safety data sheet
  • how employees can obtain and use the appropriate
    hazard information

43
Hazard Communication Summary
  • Identify chemical hazards
  • Read labels and MSDS
  • Follow warnings and instructions, or ask your
    supervisor if in doubt
  • Read labels and MSDS
  • Use the appropriate PPE
  • Read labels and MSDS
  • Practice sensible, safe work habits
  • Read labels and MSDS
  • Learn emergency procedures
  • Read labels and MSDS

44
Hazard Communication
  • Are there any Questions?

45
Quiz
  • The Hazard Communication Standard Addresses
  • Communicating information concerning and
    appropriate to employees.
  • Maintaining a Hazard Communication Program
    for the workplace
  • (T/F) The Employer must provide MSDS in a
    language understood by the employee.

46
Quiz
  • Employee training shall include at least
  • (T/F) Appropriate work practices
  • (T/F) Emergency phone numbers
  • (T/F) Personal protective equipment to be used
  • MSDS It is the s responsibility to provide
    them it is the __________s responsibility to
    maintain them and it is the s responsibility
    to read them.

47
Quiz
  1. Routes of entry include , , and .
  2. (T/F) Changes in a products color is not really
    important.
  3. (T/F) Training should occur when a contractor is
    going to be doing work on-site with a paint
    remover.
  4. Secondary labels must contain the manufacturers
    name and address, the name, and the
    warning.

48
Quiz
  1. (T/F) Secondary labels are always required.
  2. (T/F) MSDS must be kept at every worksite.
  3. (T/F) Mop buckets need secondary labels under
    certain circumstances.
  4. Employee training shall occur at the time of
    their or whenever a is introduced

49
Answers
  • The Hazard Communication Standard Addresses
  • Communicating information concerning hazards and
    appropriate protective measures to employees.
  • Maintaining a written Hazard Communication
    Program for the workplace
  • (F) The Employer must provide MSDS in a language
    understood by the employee.

50
Answers
  • Employee training shall include at least
  • (T) Appropriate work practices
  • (F) Emergency phone numbers
  • (T) Personal protective equipment to be used
  • MSDS It is the manufacturers responsibility to
    provide them it is the employers responsibility
    to maintain them and it is the employees
    responsibility to read them.

51
Answers
  • Routes of entry include inhalation , skin or eye
    contact , and ingestion .
  • (F) Changes in a products color is not really
    important.
  • (T) Training should occur when a contractor is
    going to be doing work on-site with a paint
    remover.
  • Secondary labels must contain the manufacturers
    name and address, the chemical or product name,
    and the hazard warning.

52
Answers
  1. (F) Secondary labels are always required.
  2. (T) MSDS must be kept at every worksite.
  3. (T) Mop buckets need secondary labels under
    certain circumstances.
  4. Employee training shall occur at the time of
    their initial assignment or whenever a new
    hazard is introduced

53
Hazard Communications
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