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Verbals, Gerunds and Gerund Phrases

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Title: Verbals, Gerunds and Gerund Phrases


1
Verbals, Gerunds and Gerund Phrases
  • 8th Grade ELA

2
Verbals and Gerunds
  • A VERBAL is a word that has a verb form but that
    functions as another part of speech. There are 3
    types of Verbals Gerunds, Participles, and
    Infinitives.
  • GERUNDS
  • A gerund is a verb form used as a noun and
    ending in ing.
  • A gerund phrase includes the gerund, its
    modifiers, and the words that complete the idea
    begun by the gerund.

3
Gerunds
  • A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is
    used as a noun.
  • The playing field is one hundred yards long.
    (participle/adjective)
  • Playing is our favorite activity (gerund)

4
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5
Gerunds
  • A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is
    used as a noun.
  • Like other nouns, a gerund can act as 4 things
  • the subject of a sentence
  • direct object
  • the object of a preposition
  • a predicate noun.

6
Who has my subject?
  • What is the subject of these sentences?
  • Dancing is the love of Tiffanys life.
  • Playing chess is Steves secret passion!

7
Examples
  • Blocking requires strength. (Subject)
  • The athletes enjoy exercising. (Direct Object)
  • They maintain endurance
    by running. (Object of a
    Preposition)
  • His passion is running long distances.
    (predicate noun)

8
Gerund Phrases
  • A gerund phrase is a group of words that includes
    a gerund and other words that complete its
    meaning.
  • Ex. Kicking the ball takes skill.
  • Ex. A team tries scoring a touchdown.
  • A touchdown results from moving the ball across
    the goal.

9
Exercise A.
  • Identify the gerund or gerund phrase.

10
Exercise A.
  1. A win requires earning more points than the
    opponent.
  2. Kicking earns points in two different ways in
    this sport.
  3. A team earns three points by kicking a field
    goal.
  4. Teams also try converting for one point after a
    touchdown.
  5. Defending the teams own goal is crucial.

11
Exercise A.
  • 6. A teams defense features tackling.
  • 7. Blocking is another important element of a
    good defense.
  • 8. Passing makes football exciting.
  • 9. Testing your skills is an important part of
    football.
  • 10. Skilled players increase spectators
    enjoyment by adding dramatic action to the game.

12
Gerunds and It
  • Gerunds, like noun clauses, can always be
    replaced by the word it.
  • Participles and Participial phrases NEVER can.
  • Gerunds are ALWAYS singular so IT will always
    work!
  • Ex. Rob enjoys swimming. Rob enjoys it.
  • Ex. Rob is swimming in a meet
    today (doesnt work)

13
Examples
  • The Bears are winning the game (main verb)
  • The winning team scores the most points
    (adjective)
  • Winning is everything! (Gerund)

14
TOUCHDOWN!!!
15
Remember
  • A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and is
    used as a noun.
  • A gerund phrase is a group of words that
    includes a gerund and other words that complete
    its meaning.
  • You can replace a gerund or the gerund phrase
    with the word IT and the sentence would still
    make sense.
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