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GREEK%20PHILOSOPHERS

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GREEK PHILOSOPHERS D. Greek Philosophers Socrates (469 B.C. 399 B.C) a.) got into trouble for questioning the customs, traditions and values of Athens --Socratic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GREEK%20PHILOSOPHERS


1
GREEK PHILOSOPHERS
2
D. Greek Philosophers
  • Socrates (469 B.C. 399 B.C)
  • a.) got into trouble for questioning the customs,
    traditions and values of Athens
  • --Socratic Method-finding knowledge through
    questions
  • --Loss to Sparta frustration w/ Socrates
    Socrates
  • put on trial
  • Bill and Teds Excellent Adventure

3
2. Plato (428 B.C.-347 B.C.)
  • --Believed average citizens of a democracy were
  • unable to govern wisely
  • --After death of Socrates he begins quest to
    find
  • govt. that brings out the best in people
  • The Republic- discussed his ideal form of
    government
  • i. roles based on talent
  • --warriors
  • --laborers
  • --leaders
  • ii. Education was important
  • --people need to be taught to be good
  • citizens

4
  • iii. Need to balance between mob rule
    tyranny
  • --didnt like democracy or autocracy
  • --So what is the solution?
  • iv. Wisdom Power philosopher king
  • --Who would be the ideal philosopher king?
  • v. Careful Division of Labor
  • --one cannot occupy two roles at
  • one time
  • --all leaders live communally and
  • receive no pay own no property
  • --Philosopher Kings reward is a happy people

5
  • 3. Aristotle (384 B.C.-323 B.C.)
  • a. Humans are stateless beasts without
  • government
  • --ability to reason leads them to
  • create govt. reach full potential
  • --ability to reason form govt.
  • is what separates us from animals
  • b. favored democracy over monarchy and
    aristocracy but thought it was unrealistic
  • --ideally properly educated middle class
    should rule
  • c. Settled on Kings taking advice on ruling from
    philosophers
  • --philosophers offer honest advice because
    they gain no wealth from their position

6
III. Rome Developed New Political Ideas
  • A. Romans established a republic
  • by overthrowing
  • their kings (509 B.C.)
  • 1. Republic
  • B. Romes Social Organization
  • 1. Family important
  • a. Eldest male pater familias
  • b. Woman ran the household
  • -could own property

7
  • 2. Society Divided into classes
  • a. patrician
  • -dominated Roman politics
  • b. plebeians
  • -common farmers, artisans,
  • and merchants
  • - free citizens
  • Birth alone determined

  • Romans social and
  • political status

8
  • 3. Military Service
  • C. Written Law
  • 1. 12 Tables (451 B.C)
  • D. Rome Achieved a Balanced Govt
  • 1. Two Consuls
  • a. power limited by term and veto

9
  • 2. Senate
  • -600 members for life
  • -controlled finances and foreign affairs
  • 3. 2 Assemblies
  • 4. Dictator
  • - in time of crisis a leader could be chosen
  • - lasted 6 months
  • E. Wars and Civil Unrest ? Collapse of Republic ?
    Emperor ? Roman Empire
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