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FUEL-CELL CAR

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fuel-cell car introduction basic problems in automobile industry dwindling of petroleum resourses ... solution reforming a hydrocarbon liquid reforming is a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FUEL-CELL CAR


1
  • FUEL-CELL CAR

2
  • INTRODUCTION

3
BASIC PROBLEMS IN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY
  • DWINDLING OF PETROLEUM RESOURSES
  • INCREASING STRINGENT
    STANDARD REGARDING POLLUTANTS

4
WHY FUEL-CELL CARS ?
  • Better in terms of power dynamic performance and
    serviceability
  • Lighter and offer a greater range between
    refueling
  • No harmful emissions
  • Ideally suited to volume built products

5
FUEL-CELL CONCEPT
  • CHEMICAL ELECTRICAL

6
(No Transcript)
7
TYPES OF ELECTROLYTES
  • THIN MEMBRANE
  • CAUSTIC POTASH
  • PHOSPHORIC ACID
  • MOLTEN CARBONATE
  • SLOID ZIRCON-OXIDE

8
DEVELOPMENT OF FUEL-CELL CAR
  • FIRST PROTOTYPE FUEL-CELL CAR----1994
  • IT WAS NAMED AS NECAR-1
  • FEATURES-
  • It was 3.5 tonne, MERCEDES BENZ-180 van
  • Power 50kW
  • Speed 90 kmph

9
2nd PROTOTYPE
  • Named-------------------------------NECAR-2
    (1996)
  • FEATURES-
  • Multipurpose vehicle
  • Maximum speed 110 kmph
  • Range of 250km using fuel load of
    280Lt of H2

10
NEBUS
  • FEATURES-
  • Zero emission bus
  • Power 190kW
  • 15 better than diesel engine
  • Maximum speed 80kmph

11
HYDROGEN STORAGE ?
12
SOLUTION
  • REFORMING A HYDROCARBON LIQUID
  • REFORMING IS A PROCESS OF
  • VAPOURSING THE HYDROCARBON LIQUID, THEN
    INJECTING A MIXTURE OF FUEL VAPOUR, AIR WATER
    VAPOUR IN TO A CATALYIC REFORMER

13
METHANOL AS AN IDEAL FUEL
  • Cleaner than gasoline
  • Renewable source of energy
  • When it is reformed at 400-475oc H2 is liberated

14
NECAR-3
  • FEATURES-
  • 3.75m length
  • Power 50kW
  • Its own H2 on board by reforming methanol
  • 400km on 38Lt of methanol

15
NECAR-4 (Latest)
  • FEATURES-
  • Uses liquid H2
  • Fuel is stored in cryogenic cylinder
  • Power 5kW
  • Efficiency at wheels 36

16
PEM FUEL-CELL
17
(No Transcript)
18
FUTURE OF FUEL-CELL CAR
  • A 3-pronged strategy involving methanol, gasoline
    and hydrogen options will be perused
  • Cost 10 times as gasoline-powered engine
  • To decrease cost, integration of the system is
    required

19
FUEL-CELL ALONE OR IN COMBINATION
  • ALONE-
  • Powerful fuel-cell is needed
  • COMBINATION WIYH BATTERIES-
  • The fuel-cells act as battery chargers, while
    the batteries take the heavy loads and let the
    fuel-cells operate more smoothly

20
ADVANTAGES
  • They are lighter than conventional than lead
    acid batteries.
  • The fuel cells gives of NO harmful emissions.
  • They are ideally suited to volume built
    products, making for competitive cost.
  • Fuel cells generate electricity by converting
    oxygen and hydrogen into water without
    combustion.
  • Fuel cells are quiet, effective and, because they
    have no movable parts, very dependable.
  • Fuel cells are superior to combustion engines
    because of their dependability, energy
    efficiency, and environmental friendliness.
  • A fuel-cell system in a car will be almost
    maintenance free.
  • They are more at par in terms of power, dynamic
    performance and serviceability.

21
OTHER APPLICATIONS
  • FUEL-CELL PCS
  • MOBILE PHONES
  • POWER PLANTS

22
THANK YOU
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