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Major Worldviews

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Major Worldviews Theism Atheism ... Value because God loves us Creativity to imagine new things Personality to make decisions Sense of ... Worldview Tests Slide 25 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major Worldviews


1
Major Worldviews
  • Theism
  • Atheism/Agnosticism

2
Theism
  • Christianity
  • Deism
  • Judaism
  • Islam

3
CHRISTIANITY
  • God
  • Is Spirit
  • Triune
  • Transcendent
  • Infinite
  • Creator
  • Personality
  • Acts and thinks
  • Character
  • Provides basis for morality
  • Prime Reality

4
  • External Reality
  • God created an orderly universe
  • The universe was created as an open, cause and
    effect system.
  • Decisions have an effect.

5
  • Who is man?
  • Man is created in the image of God.
  • Value because God loves us
  • Creativity to imagine new things
  • Personality to make decisions
  • Sense of right despite the Fall

6
  • Knowledge
  • Morality, right and wrong?
  • Based upon Gods character
  • There is something to know
  • Absolute standard based on Gods character

7
  • Most personal element
  • Exercise of free choice
  • Existence with God
  • Aloneness apart from God
  • Death?

8
  • Meaning of History?
  • History is linear.
  • History is purpose of God in concrete form.
  • Has meaning because God is in charge.

9
Deism
  • Prime Reality
  • External Reality
  • Who is man?
  • Knowledge
  • God is not currently involved in the world
  • Closed system, change is not possible
  • Has no relationship with God
  • Human reason is sufficient

10
  • Morality, right and wrong?
  • Death?
  • Human history?
  • God does not speak to man, morality is limited to
    what is revealed in nature
  • Creation is not fallen, man is good and goes to
    heaven
  • Little interest, history is a closed system

11
Atheism/AgnosticismPrime Reality
  • God does not exist.
  • Matter is creator
  • We cant be certain if there is a God.

12
External RealityAtheism Agnosticism
  • Matter is all there is, all there was and all
    that ever will be.Carl Sagan

13
Who is man?Atheism/Agnosticism
  • Mankind evolved
  • People are complex machines
  • Personality is made of interactions of chemical
    and physical properties

14
Knowledge?
  • Reason is sole criteria for truth
  • Thoughts come from the properties of matter

15
Morality, right and wrong? Atheism/Agnosticism
  • Man is judged on achievements, actions,
    aspirations
  • Culture determines values
  • Values relate to human needs and interests
  • Ethics are autonomous and situational

16
Death?Atheism/Agnosticism
  • No afterlife
  • Laws of matter apply and man becomes disorganized
    and disappears
  • Personality and individuality become extinct

17
Meaning of History? Atheism/Agnosticism
  • History is linear stream of events without
    purpose.
  • Goal of history is perfect humanity
  • Economic factors determine history
  • Humans work to satisfy human needs.

18
ISLAM
19
What is the prime reality?
  • Allah
  • Maker
  • Lord and Master
  • With us all the time
  • Controls everyone and everything
  • Has always been
  • Is One
  • Has no son

20
Who is man?
  • We are Allahs Servants
  • We are made from clay
  • We are made to worship and obey Allah

21
What is the reason for morality?
  • Allah gave us everything we have
  • We thank Allah when we obey him
  • We must always try to follow Allahs guidance so
    that we can go to heaven
  • Five basic duties of Islam (pillars)
  • Declaration f faith
  • Daily prayers
  • Contribute to welfare
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimage

22
What happens to man at death?
  • The day of judgment
  • Obedience rewards (heaven)
  • Disobedience punishment (hell)

23
What is the meaning to human history?
  • Tell the message there is no god but Allah
  • Prophets Adam, Abraham, David, Jesus, John
  • Angels made from light, record our actions
  • Mohammed final prophet, wrote the Quran for
    Allah

24
Worldview Tests
  • A worldview should be rational.
  • It should not ask us to believe contradictory
    things.
  • Law of Non-contradiction.
  • A proposition can not be both true and false at
    the same time and in the same sense.

25
  • It should give a satisfying, comprehensive
    explanation of reality
  • It should be able to explain why things are the
    way they are.

26
  • It should provide us with a satisfactory basis
    for living.
  • We should not have to borrow elements from
    another worldview to live in this world.

27
  • It should be supported by evidence.
  • It should be consistent with what we observe.
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