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CP PSYCHOLOGY

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Title: CP PSYCHOLOGY


1
CP PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 15 Abnormal Behavior Section 15Q1 Common
Psychological Disorders Mr. Freccia, NHS Glencoe
Publishers
2
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Abnormal refers to a deviance from the norm,
    inability to adjust, or poor mental health
  • Psychological Disorder is a harmful
    dysfunction in which behavior is judged by
    mental health professionals to be
  • atypical (plus behaviors below)
  • disturbing (for the time period/culture)
  • maladaptive (harmful to self/others)
  • unjustifiable (not rational to others)
  • Example - Smoking is a disorder/homosexuality is
    not

3
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Historically Perceived Causes
  • movements of sun or moon
  • evil spirits/demon possession
  • Ancient Treatments
  • harsh/ineffective - exorcism, caged like
    animals, beaten, burned, castrated, mutilated,
  • blood replaced with animals blood

4
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
Mental patients were restrained as a humane way
to regain sensibility
Admission fees were charged to observe mentally
ill at St. Marys hospital (1700s)
5
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Prior to 1980 disorders were classified as
    either neurosis or psychosis
  • Neurotic Disorder (term seldom used today)
  • usually distressing but person thinks rationally
    and functions socially
  • less debilitating than a psychosis
  • Psychotic Disorder
  • person loses contact with reality
  • experience irrational ideas and distorted
    perceptions
  • Similar to living out a daydream

6
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • DSM-IV American Psychiatric Associations
    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders (4th Edition)
  • the system for classifying psychological
    disorders
  • describes but does not explain the cause of
    psychological disorders
  • critics argue these labels are too arbitrary and
    misused
  • labels may cause more harm than good for the
    individual

7
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Anxiety Based Disorders can cause excessive
    worrying, mood swings, and fear
  • Generalized Anxiety Generalized apprehension
    or feeling that one is in danger
  • Physical symptoms include muscle tension,
    inability to relax, indigestion, diarrhea
  • Phobias Fear of an object or situation that is
    out of proportion to the actual danger
  • (Acrophobia/Heights)
  • (Nyctophobia/Darkness)
  • (Social Phobia/Embarrassment)
  • Panic Disorders Sudden unexplainable attacks
    of intense fear and impending doom

8
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
9
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Causes unwanted
    anxiety driven thoughts/actions
  • Obsession Uncontrollable, repetitive pattern of
    thoughts caused by anxiety
  • Compulsion Irrational actions that are
    repeatedly performed to reduce anxiety

10
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
11
Abnormal Psychology (15Q1)
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Long-lasting
    anxiety caused by a traumatic event
  • Overwhelms a persons sense of normal reality
    and ability to cope with the world

12
CP PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 15 Abnormal Behavior Section
15Q2 Additional Disorders Mr. Freccia,
NHS Glencoe Publishers
13
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Somatoform Disorders Anxiety based physical
    ills with no apparent physical cause
  • Conversion Disorder Emotional difficulties
    converted into loss of physical function
  • Examples include deafness, partial paralysis,
    blindness, numbness, ghost pain
  • La belle indifference Person accepts the
    physical loss with relative calm

14
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Hypochondria Person in good health becomes
    preoccupied with imaginary ailments
  • Occurs mainly during young adulthood, equally
    common to men and women

15
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Dissociative Disorders Involves a disturbance
    of a persons conscious experience
  • Psychogenic Amnesia Loss of identity - possible
    attempt to escape lifes problems
  • Psychogenic Fugue Amnesia that is coupled with
    active flight to a new environment
  • Multiple Personality Person assumes two or more
    distinct and separate identities
  • Eve White, a famous example, displayed 24
    personalities no more than 3 at a time

Movie 3 Faces of Eve
16
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
Mood Disorders
17
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Mood Disorders Exaggerated happy or depressed
    moods hamper ability to function
  • Depressive Disorder Deep sadness, anxiety,
    fatigue, with reduced ability to interact
  • Single Episode Depression Strikes deeply and
    seriously in one dramatic episode
  • Recurrent Depression An extended or cyclical
    pattern of serious depression

18
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
19
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Canadian depression rates

20
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Few people who talk about suicide attempt it but
    most who attempt it have talked about it (warning
    sign)
  • More Whites Vs Blacks and Men Vs women commit
    suicide

21
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Person becomes excessively or inappropriately
    happy or depressed
  • Manic-Type Reaction
  • Extreme elation, confusion, distraction, with
    racing thoughts
  • Depressive-Type Reaction
  • Overcome by feeling of failure, worthlessness,
    despair

22
Abnormal Psychology (15Q2)
  • PET scans show that brain energy consumption
    rises and falls with emotional switches

23
CP PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 15 Abnormal Behavior Section
15Q3 Schizophrenia Mr. Freccia, NHS Glencoe
Publishers
24
Abnormal Psychology
  • Schizophrenia Cognitive disorder resulting in a
    considerable lost contact with reality
  • Person is often confused with disordered
    thoughts and perceptions, like a dream
  • Delusions False beliefs maintained contrary to
    obvious evidence otherwise
  • Hallucinations False sensations in the absence
    of appropriate stimulation

25
Abnormal Psychology
  • Schizophrenia is classified into several
    subtypes according to exhibited behavior
  • Paranoid Has delusions of grandeur, or feels
    persecuted by people watching them
  • Catatonic May remain motionless for long
    periods, unresponsive to external stimuli
  • Disorganized Incoherent speech, inappropriate
    emotions, (giggle, laugh, cry)
  • Undifferentiated Primarily hallucinatory and
    delusional with scrambled speech
  • Remissive Symptoms have completely gone away,
    but will inevitably return

26
Abnormal Psychology
  • Schizophrenia is a serious and permanent
    disorder normally requiring hospitalization
  • 1 of population develops schizophrenia
  • 17 probability if mother is Schizo
  • 48 if both parents are Schizo
  • Indicates a strong genetic link

27
Abnormal Psychology
Schizophrenia affects about 1 in 100 people
worldwide Genetic predisposition/transmission
found in current research
28
Abnormal Psychology
  • Dopamine Hypothesis
  • Excess dopamine at synapses is related to
    diagnosis of Schizophrenia
  • Difficult to tell if chemical imbalance is the
    cause or result of schizophrenia

29
Abnormal Psychology
  • Family Interaction Hypothesis
  • Pathogenic, unhealthy families contribute to
    Schizophrenia

The Osbournes Dysfunctional Family?
30
Abnormal Psychology
  • Diathesis-Stress Hypothesis Genetic
    predisposition plus the environment causes Schizo
  • Nature Nurture (Genetic/Environment)
    debate over the cause of Schizophrenia continues

Plus
Plus
Dysfunctional Family
31
CP PSYCHOLOGY
CHAPTER 15 Abnormal Behavior Section
15Q4 Personality Type Disorders Mr. Freccia,
NHS Glencoe Publishers
32
Abnormal Psychology
  • Autism Infantile cognitive disorder child does
    not respond normally to outside stimuli
  • Doesnt respond to people is slow to
    communicate has limited interests and behaviors

33
Abnormal Psychology
  • Personality Disorders Inability to form
    meaningful relationships with other people
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • person (usually man) exhibits a lack of
    conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends
    and family members (the jerk/thug)
  • Often aggressive/ruthless/clever con artist
  • Includes psychopaths/sociopaths
  • Psychopathic cases are rare but do exist

Hannibal Lechter Jeffrey Daumer
Ted Bundy
34
Abnormal Psychology
  • Personality Disorders are characterized by
    inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that
    impair social function
  • Histrionic Shallow attention-getting emotions
    in order to gain praise/reassurance (drama queen)
  • Narcissistic exaggerate self-importance, may
    act with rage or shame to any criticism
    (cocky/vain)
  • Borderline unstable identity, emotions (lost
    soul)
  • Personality disorders are fairly common in our
    society, and often goes untreated

35
Abnormal Psychology
  • Drug Addiction Disorder causing physical,
    social, and psychological dysfunction

36
Abnormal Psychology
  • Psychological Dependence
  • Users mentally rely on artificial sense of
    well-being
  • Person becomes restless, irritable, and uneasy
    when deprived of the drug

37
Abnormal Psychology
  • Addiction The drug induced state becomes the
    bodys normal state
  • Without the drug the person experiences extreme
    physical discomfort/illness

38
Abnormal Psychology
  • Tolerance Body adapts to the drug so that
    increased dosages are required for a high
  • Withdrawal physical and psychological upset as
    body revolts against the lack of drugs

39
Abnormal Psychology
  • Alcoholism The countrys most serious drug
    addiction problem. There is no cure
  • Produces psychological and physical dependence,
    tolerance and addiction
  • Delirium Tremens Violent withdrawal symptoms
    associated with alcoholism
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) Organization that
    helps alcoholics to recover

40
Abnormal Psychology
41
Abnormal Psychology
  • DSM IV Uses five dimensions (Axes I-V) to
    describe a persons mental functioning
  • Axis I Classification Categories
  • Axis II Developmental aspects of disorder
  • Axis III Physical Dysfunction/medical conditions
  • Axis IV Current functioning level
  • Axis V Level of adaptation (Social,
    Occupational, Leisure)
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