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The World

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Title: The World


1
(No Transcript)
2
The Worlds Religions
3
SS7G8c-dWe are going to focus on Judaism,
Christianity, Islam
  • All 3 of these religions are known as
    monotheistic religions.

Monotheistic is the belief in an existence in one
God
4
In all 3 of these religions, Abraham is
considered the patriarch. This means he is
considered the father or founder of the
monotheistic faith.
5
Lets Make a ChartSS7G8c The Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus



6
Judaism
http//app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view /ass
etGuid/FB47D28C-EAD8-43AB-BFEC-3EEA945DBFE3
View first 5 ½ minutes and last 2 Minutes of
video
  • Major Leader
  • Abraham

7
Judaism
  • Jews believe in one God, Yahweh. By following
    Gods laws, Jews believe they will have peace
    with God and each other. The main laws and
    practices of Judaism are contained in the Torah,
    the first five books of the Hebrew Bible

8
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God
9
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God Abraham
10
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God Abraham Torah
11
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God Abraham Torah Synagogue
12
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God Abraham Torah Synagogue By following Gods laws, Jews believe they will have peace with God and each other
13
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh-God Abraham Torah Synagogue By following Gods laws, Jews believe they will have peace with God and each other The Jewish view of Jesus is that he was an ordinary Jewish man and preacher living during the Roman occupation of the Holy Land in the 1st century C.E.
14
Christianity
View first 10 minutes only
  • Major Leader
  • Jesus Christ

15
Christianity
  • Christians believe that Jesus, the Son of God,
    was sent to earth, died on the cross, and rose
    again to save humanity. By having faith in Jesus
    and through Gods grace, believers are saved from
    the penalty of sin and receive eternal life with
    God.

16
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity God
17
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity God Jesus
18
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity God Jesus Bible
19
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity Jesus Bible Church
20
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity God Jesus Bible Church Jesus, the Son of God, was sent to earth, died on the cross, and rose again to save humanity. By having faith in Jesus and through Gods grace, believers are saved from the penalty of sin and receive eternal life with God.
21
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Christianity God Jesus Bible Church Jesus, the Son of God, was sent to earth, died on the cross, and rose again to save humanity. By having faith in Jesus and through Gods grace, believers are saved from the penalty of sin and receive eternal life with God. Christians view Jesus as God himself in human form. He is considered a prophet (teacher sent from God) and the Messiah or Savior of the world.
22
Islam
Play the first 20 minutes
  • Major Leader
  • Muhammad

23
Islam
  • Muslims believe in one god, Allah, and follow the
    teachings of the Quran, which Muhammad said was
    revealed to him by Allah. Follow the five
    pillars of faith, belief, prayer, charity,
    fasting, and pilgrimage, leading to an eternal
    paradise.

24
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God
25
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God Muhhamad
26
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God Muhhamad Quran
27
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God Muhhamad Quran Mosque
28
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God Muhhamad Quran Mosque Muslims believe in one god, Allah, and follow the teachings of the Quran. By following the five pillars of faith belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage it will lead to an eternal paradise.
29
SS7G8cThe Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Islam Allah- God Muhhamad Quran Mosque Muslims believe in one god, Allah, and follow the teachings of the Quran. By following the five pillars of faith belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage it will lead to an eternal paradise. Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet, but not the Son of God
30
The Big Three
Religion Symbol Major Leader/ Founder Holy Book Place of Worship Basic Belief System View of Jesus
Judaism Yahweh- God Abraham Torah Synagogue By following Gods laws, Jews believe they will have peace with God and each other Jesus was an ordinary Jewish man and preacher
Christianity God Jesus Bible Church Jesus, the Son of God, was sent to earth, died on the cross, and rose again to save humanity. By having faith in Jesus and through Gods grace, believers are saved from the penalty of sin and receive eternal life with God. Christians view Jesus as God himself in human form. He is considered a prophet (teacher sent from God) and the Messiah or Savior of the world.
Islam Allah- God Mohammad Quran (Koran) Mosque Muslims believe in one god, Allah, and follow the teachings of the Quran. By following the five pillars of faith belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage it will lead to an eternal paradise. Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet, but not the Son of God
31
One main Difference in the 3- View of Jesus
  • Jews believe that Jesus was an ordinary Jew. Not
    the Messiah
  • Christians believe Jesus is the Son of God and
    the Messiah.
  • Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet, but not
    the Son of God

32
Judaism, Christianity, Islam do share Holy
sites. Jerusalem is considered a Holy city to all
three.But they also have their own unique Holy
sites.
33
Amein Amen
Ameen It Is So
34
Division of the Sunni and Shia Muslims
  • SS7G8d

35
What is the reason for the division between the
Sunni and Shia Muslims?
  • Both Sunni and Shia Muslims share the most
    fundamental Islamic beliefs and articles of
    faith. The differences between these two main
    sub-groups within Islam initially stemmed not
    from spiritual differences, but political ones.
    Over the centuries, however, these political
    differences have spawned a number of varying
    practices and positions which have come to carry
    a spiritual significance.

36
  • The division between Shia and Sunni dates back
    to the death of the Prophet Muhammad, and the
    question of who was to take over the leadership
    of the Muslim nation. Sunni Muslims believe that
    the new leader should be elected from among those
    capable of the job. The word "Sunni" in Arabic
    comes from a word meaning "one who follows the
    traditions of the Prophet."

37
  • On the other hand, some Muslims, the Shia share
    the belief that leadership should have stayed
    within the Prophet's own family, among those
    specifically appointed by him, or among Imams
    appointed by God Himself.

38
  • Sunni- Believe that the leader should be elected
    (political). The most capable to do the job.
  • Shia- Believe that leadership is divine and
    inherited (spiritual). Must be a descendant of
    the prophet Muhammad.

39
The reason for division between Sunni and Shia
Muslims is based on the issue of a. the issue of
womens rights within the religion b. who should
control the natural resources of the region c.
who should succeed Muhammad as leader or caliph
after his death d. where the geographic center of
the Islamic world should be located
40
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41
How are ethnic and religious groups different?
  • Religious groups share a common belief system,
    but are not necessarily composed of a single
    ethnic group.
  • Ethnic groups share many common characteristics,
    such as language, physical appearance, customs,
    and traditions.

42
Conflict Between Ethnic Groups
Trouble also occurs when different ethnic groups
come into conflict. For example, like most people
in the region, Iraqis are descendants of Arabs
who spread out from the Arabian Peninsula in the
600s. Most Iranians, however, are Persian,
people originally from Central Asia who have
lived on the Iranian plateau for 3,000 years.
Arabs and Persians have different histories and
speak different languages. These differences
contribute to conflicts between Iran and Iraq.
43
Kurds
  • Most Kurds are found in the mountainous areas
    where Syria, Turkey, Iran, and Iraq come
    together.
  • They speak their own language called Kurdish, and
    have a separate history, literature, music, and
    set of traditions.
  • Many Kurds hope to have a nation of their own
    some day, a hope that has caused conflict with
    the countries in which Kurdish people live.
  • Most Kurds are Sunni Muslim with small minorities
    of Shia Muslims and Yazidis.

Women, in traditional Kurdish dress, dance during
a wedding party in what they hope to one day be
called Kurdistan.
44
Persians
  • Most Persians live in the modern country of Iran
    where they are the most populous ethnic group.
  • They are different from Arabs and Jews in that
    their ancestors came from Central Europe and
    Southern Russia
  • The country of Persia became known as Iran after
    WWI.
  • Persians speak Farsi, a language that uses the
    Arabic alphabet but is actually spoken
    differently.
  • Most Persians are Shia Muslims even though Shia
    Muslims only make up about 15 of the worlds
    Muslim population.
  • Zoroastrianism is one of the minor religions of
    the Persian people.

Persian family from northern Iran
45
Arabs
  • Arabs are the most populous ethnic group in the
    Middle East.
  • Arabs believe themselves to be descendants of
    Abraham through his son Ishmael and originally
    from the Arabian Peninsula.
  • They speak Arabic.
  • Most Arabs are Muslims, with the majority being
    Sunni Muslim. However, there are many Christian
    Arabs as well, especially in the countries of
    Lebanon and Egypt.

Arabs escape the Gaza strip into Egypt for much
needed supplies.
46
(No Transcript)
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