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Light and Sound

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Light and Sound Properties of light Reflection Colors Refraction 2) Properties of sound Hearing Part 1 Properties of Light Light travels in straight lines: Laser ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Light and Sound


1
Light and Sound
  • Properties of light
  • Reflection
  • Colors
  • Refraction
  • 2) Properties of sound
  • Hearing

2
Part 1 Properties of Light
  • Light travels in straight lines

3
  • Light travels VERY FAST around 300,000
    kilometers per second.

At this speed it can go around the world 8 times
in one second.
4
  • Light travels much faster than sound. For example
  • Thunder and lightning start at the same time, but
    we will see the lightning first.
  • 2) When a starting pistol is fired we see the
    smoke first and then hear the bang.

5
  • We see things because they reflect light into our
    eyes

Homework
6
  • Luminous and non-luminous objects

A luminous object is one that produces light. A
non-luminous object is one that reflects light.
Luminous objects
Reflectors
7
  • Shadows

Shadows are places where light is blocked
8
Properties of Light summary
  1. Light travels in straight lines
  2. Light travels much faster than sound
  3. We see things because they reflect light into our
    eyes
  4. Shadows are formed when light is blocked by an
    object

9
Part 2 - Reflection
  • Reflection from a mirror

Normal
Reflected ray
Incident ray
Angle of reflection
Angle of incidence
Mirror
10
  • The Law of Reflection

Angle of incidence Angle of reflection
In other words, light gets reflected from a
surface at ____ _____ angle it hits it.
The same !!!
11
Clear vs. Diffuse Reflection
  • Smooth, shiny surfaces have a clear reflection

Rough, dull surfaces have a diffuse
reflection. Diffuse reflection is when light is
scattered in different directions
12
Using mirrors
  • Two examples

2) A car headlight
1) A periscope
13
Color
  • White light is not a single color it is made up
    of a mixture of the seven colors of the rainbow.

We can demonstrate this by splitting white light
with a prism This is how rainbows are formed
sunlight is split up by raindrops.
14
The colors of the rainbow
  • Red
  • Orange
  • Yellow
  • Green
  • Blue
  • Indigo
  • Violet

15
Adding colors
  • White light can be split up to make separate
    colors. These colors can be added together
    again.
  • The primary colors of light are red, blue and
    green

Adding blue and red makes magenta (purple)
Adding blue and green makes cyan (light blue)
Adding all three makes white again
Adding red and green makes yellow
16
Seeing colour
  • The color an object appears depends on the colors
    of light it reflects.

For example, a red book only reflects red light
White light
Only red light is reflected
17
A pair of purple trousers would reflect purple
light (and red and blue, as purple is made up
of red and blue)
Purple light
A white hat would reflect all seven colors
White light
18
Using colored light
  • If we look at a colored object in colored light
    we see something different. For example,
    consider a football kit

Shirt looks red
White light
Shorts look blue
19
  • In different colours of light this kit would look
    different

Red light
Shirt looks red
Shorts look black
Shirt looks black
Blue light
Shorts look blue
20
Some further examples
Object Color of light Color object seems to be
Red socks Red Red
Red socks Blue Black
Red socks Green Black
Blue teddy Red Black
Blue teddy Blue
Blue teddy Green
Green camel Red
Green camel Blue
Green camel Green
Magenta book Red
Magenta book Blue
Magenta book Green
21
Using filters
  • Filters can be used to block out different
    colors of light

22
Investigating filters
Color of filter Colors that could be seen
Red
Green
Blue
Cyan
Magenta
Yellow
23
Red
White
Blue
Green
Magenta
Yellow
Cyan
24
Refraction
Refraction is when waves ____ __ or slow down due
to travelling in a different _________. A medium
is something that waves will travel through.
When a pen is placed in water it looks like
this In this case the light rays are slowed
down by the water and are _____, causing the pen
to look odd. The two mediums in this example are
______ and _______. Words speed up, water,
air, bent
25
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26
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27
Sound The basics
We hear things when they vibrate. If something
vibrates with a high frequency (vibrates very
______) we say it has a _____ pitch. If something
vibrates with a low frequency (vibrates ______)
we say it has a ____ pitch. The lowest frequency
I could hear was Words slowly, low, high,
quickly
28
Drawing sounds
This sound wave has a _____ frequency
This sound wave has a ___ _frequency
29
Drawing sounds
This sound wave has a _____ amplitude (loud)
This sound wave has a _____ amplitude (quiet)
30
Hearing problems
  • Our hearing range can be damaged by several
    things
  • Too much ear wax!
  • Damage to the auditory nerve
  • Illness or infections
  • Old age

31
Other sound effects
  • Like light, sound can be
  • Reflected sound reflections are called ______.
  • Refracted this is why you might sound strange
    if you try talking underwater

32
The Ear
Label your diagram with the following These
bones are vibrated by the eardrum This tube
carries the sound towards the eardrum This part
is used to help us keep our balance This part
picks up the vibrations This part of the ear
contains many small hairs with turn vibrations
into an electrical signal This part connects the
ear to the mouth This part channels the sound
towards the ear drum
33
The Ear
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