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Stone Age People Made Important Discoveries

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Title: Stone Age People Made Important Discoveries Author: cturner Last modified by: MIchael Embrey Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Stone Age People Made Important Discoveries


1
Stone Age People Made Important Discoveries
  • Chapter 1 Section 2

1
2
Ice Age
  • Period of cold weather that lasted from 2 million
    to 3500 B.C.
  • Characterized by glaciers that covered ¼ of the
    earth.
  • Because of the cold temperatures, water froze and
    land bridges formed allowing humans to move to
    new areas . People moved from Asia to North
    America across the Bering Strait.
  • Also the ocean water levels dropped allowing more
    land to surface.

2
3
The Stone Age
  • The period when humans first began to live on the
    earth and is characterized by stone tools.
  • Divided into 3 periods
  • Old Stone Age
  • Middle Stone Age
  • New Stone Age

3
4
Old Stone AgePaleolithic Age2 million-8,000 B.C.
  • Neanderthals
  • First people
  • Stood 5ft 5in
  • Larger cranium which held average size brain
  • Protruding nose and jaw
  • Used stone tools and weapons
  • Had customs such as
  • burial customs
  • belief in afterlife
  • taking care of old sick

4
5
Discovery of Fire
  • This discovery is one of the most important
    events in human history.
  • Neanderthals were now able to keep themselves
    warm and prepare food.
  • Fire could also be used for protection.

5
6
Neanderthals were nomads
  • Nomads are people who move in search of food and
    have no permanent shelter.
  • They are considered hunters gatherers.
  • When a food source became scarce, they would move
    on to another location.
  • Food sources musk ox, mammoth, reindeer, nuts,
    berries

6
7
Cro Magnon Man
  • Probably replaced Neanderthal _at_ 40,000 B.C.
  • More advanced
  • Refined weapons and tools
  • Building of semi-permanent shelters
  • Expresses ideas through art

7
8
Cave Art
  • Paintings probably had religious meaning
  • Often depicted daily life such as the hunt
  • Paintings show the ability to express thoughts,
    dreams, hopes, religious beliefs
  • Best examples Lascaux and Altimira

8
9
9
10
Virtual tour of Lascaux
  • http//www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux
    /en/

10
11
Middle Stone AgeMesolithic Age8,000 B.C.-6,000
B.C.
  • Warming of the climate as glaciers move north
  • Advancements in society
  • Pottery offered protection of food sources
  • More refined tools and weapons
  • Development of canoes for travel
  • Domestication of dogs for protection

11
12
New Stone AgeNeolithic Age6,000 B.C.-3,500 B.C.
  • Characterized by the Neolithic Revolution
    period when society moved from hunting/gathering
    to farming.
  • Man began to plant seeds and herd animals
  • Set up permanent shelters
  • Improvement in weapons and tools
  • Domestication of beasts of burden (oxen)

12
13
New Stone Age cont
  • Invention of wheel and axel
  • Introduction of Specialization of labor when
    people perform jobs according to their skills.

13
14
14
15
Stonehenge
  • Built around 3,000 B.C.
  • Possibly a place of worship or an astronomical
    observatory.

15
16
Ice Man
16
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