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Le Pass

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Title: Le Pass


1
Le Passé Composé
2
What is it?
The Passé Composé is used to write speak in the
past tense.
3
FORMATION
  • It is a compound tense, meaning it requires 2
    verbs!
  • (Composé compounded, composed of 2 words)

4
FORMATION
  • SUBJECT
  • HELPING VERB
  • PAST PARTICIPLE
  • S HV PP

5
SUBJECTS
  • JE
  • TU
  • IL/ELLE/ON
  • NOUS
  • VOUS
  • ILS
  • NAMES OF PEOPLE/ALL NOUNS

6
HELPING VERBS
  • PRESENT TENSE OF AVOIR
  • (MOST VERBS)
  • OR
  • PRESENT TENSE OF ETRE
  • (ONLY A SELECT FEW)

7
CONJUGATE AVOIR at the bottom of the page
  • J ai
  • Tu as
  • Il a
  • Nous avons
  • Vous avez
  • Ils ont

JE TU IL NOUSVOUS ILS
8
PAST PARTICIPLES
  • To form the past participle you
  • Take off the ending (er/ir/re)
  • Add the following endings
  • ER verbs é
  • IR verbs i
  • RE verbs u

9
Add the Past Participle1. Jai travaill__
2. Tu as fini__ 3. Il a perd__
10
MEANINGS
  1. I worked OR I did work
  2. You finished OR You did finish
  3. He lost OR He did lose

11
Negative Sentences
  • NE (N) PAS did not (didnt)
  • NE (N) JAMAIS never or never have
  • The negative goes around the NE and PAS
  • Je nai pas travaillé I did not work
  • Je nai jamais parlé à Pierre
  • I never spoke to Pierre.
  • I have never spoken to Pierre.

12
PAST WORDS
  • Hier yesterday
  • Hier matin yesterday morning
  • Hier après-midi yesterday afternoon
  • Hier soir last night
  • (Lundi) dernier last (Monday)
  • Le weekend dernier last weekend
  • Le mois dernier last month
  • La semaine dernière last week
  • Lété dernier last summer
  • Lannée dernière last year

13
Il y a time frame AGO
  • I l y a 5 minutes 5 minutes ago
  • Il y a 2 heures 2 hours ago
  • Il y a 3 jours 3 days ago
  • Il y a une semaine a week ago
  • Il y a deux mois 2 months ago
  • Il y a 5 ans 5 years ago
  • Il y a plusieurs jours several days ago

14
Questions ADD to page 5
  • Est-ce que S HV PP
  • DID
  • Est-ce que tu as perdu le match?
  • Did you lose the game?

15
Irregular Past Participles
  • Many verbs in French have irregular past
    participles.
  • Just like in English, you cannot just add ed to
    all verbs.

16
English Irregulars
  1. I eated breakfast this morning.
  2. You runned on the track.
  3. He sleeped in this weekend.
  4. We swimmed in the pool.
  5. They seed a great movie last night.

17
English Irregulars
  1. I ate breakfast this morning.
  2. You ran on the track.
  3. He slept in this weekend.
  4. We swam in the pool.
  5. They saw great movie last night.

18
Irregular Past Participles
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
AVOIR EU HAD
ETRE ÉTÉ WAS
FAIRE FAIT DID/MADE
METTRE MIS PUT/SET
PRENDRE PRIS TOOK
19
Irregular Past Participles
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
OUVRIR OUVERT OPENED
OFFRIR OFFERT OFFERED
VIVRE VÉCU LIVED
NAITRE NÉ WAS BORN
MOURIR MORT DIED
20
Irregular Past Participles
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
BOIRE BU DRANK
VOIR VU SAW
SAVOIR SU KNEW
CONNAITRE CONNU KNEW
POUVOIR PU WAS ABLE
21
Irregular Past Participles
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
DEVOIR DU HAD TO
VOULOIR VOULU WANTED
LIRE LU READ
ECRIRE ÉCRIT WROTE
DIRE DIT SAID
22
Irregular Past Participles
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
RECEVOIR REÇU GOT
VENIR VENU CAME
REVENIR REVENU CAME BACK
DEVENIR DEVENU BECAME

23
More Irregulars to ADD
  • APPRENDRE TO LEARN APPRIS
  • (like prendre)
  • COMPRENDRE TO UNDERSTAND
  • (like prendre) COMPRIS
  • PROMETTRE to allow/permit
  • (like mettre) PROMIS

24
ÊTRE VERBS
  • Some verbs in French require ÊTRE as the Helping
    Verb.
  • These verbs are sometimes called coming and
    going verbs
  • DR MRS VANDERTRAMP

25
Bell Work Identify the verbs
  • 1. su 6. dû
  • 2. pu 7. dit
  • 3. lu 8. mis
  • 4. vu 9. voulu
  • 5. bu 10. venu

26
Être
  • JE SUIS NOUS SOMMES
  • TU ES VOUS ÊTES
  • IL EST ILS SONT

27
ÊTRE VERBS
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
Descendre déscendu went down/ descended
Rentrer rentré came home
Monter monté went up
Rester resté stayed
28
ÊTRE VERBS
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
Sortir sorti went out
Venir venu came
Arriver arrivé arrived
Naïtre né was born
29
ÊTRE VERBS
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
Devenir devenu became
Entrer entré entered
Revenir revenu came back
Tomber tombé fell
30
VERB PAST PART. MEANING
Retourner retourné returned
Aller allé went
Mourir mort died
Partir Parti left
(P)asser passé passed by/through
31
PASSER
  • Takes AVOIR or ÊTRE
  • Takes ÊTRE when it means to pass by.
  • - Je suis passé(e) par la porte.
  • - I passed by the door.
  • Takes AVOIR when it means to take or spend some
    time.
  • - Jai passé mon examen. Jai passé un an à
    Paris
  • - I took my test. I spent a year in Paris.

32
AGREEMENT
  • When ÊTRE is used as the Helping Verb AGREEMENT
    has to be made with the Past Participles

33
AGREEMENT depends
  • Must agree in and gender!
  • Masc. Singular DO NOTHING
  • Fem. Singular add an extra E (elle, je)
  • Elle est sortie
  • Masc. Plural add an S (ils, vous, nous)
  • Ils sont sortis
  • Fem. Plural add an ES (elles, nous,vous)
  • Elles sont sorties

34
Conjugate using être as the HV
  1. Il _______ (aller)
  2. Elle _____ (descendre)
  3. Nous ______ (revenir)
  4. Je _______ (arriver)
  5. Elles _______ (monter)
  6. Ils _______ (partir)

35
Conjugate using être as the HV
  1. Il est allé
  2. Elle est descendue
  3. Nous sommes revenus(es)
  4. Je suis arrivé(e)
  5. Elles sont montées
  6. Ils sont partis

36
Donnez-moi Cinq
  • 5 rules
  • of the
  • Passé Composé
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