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Present Perfect

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Present Perfect El presente perfecto Haber The present perfect is formed using the present of the verb haber + past participle. yo he t has l / ella / Ud. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Present Perfect


1
Present Perfect
  • El presente perfecto

2
Haber
  • The present perfect is formed using the present
    of the verb haber past participle.
  • yo he
  • tú has
  • él / ella / Ud. ha
  • nosotros(as) hemos
  • ellos / ellas / Uds. han

3
Past Participles
  • The past participle of regular verbs is formed by
    adding
  • -ado to the infinitive stem of ar verbs, and
  • -ido to the infinitive stem of er and ir verbs

hablar hablado
poder podido
reservar reservado
subir subido
comer comido
pedir pedido
4
  • The present perfect is called a compound tense
    because it consists of two verb forms
  • The present tense of the verb haber and
  • The past participle of the verb being used.

5
Llegar to arrive
yo
he llegado
I have arrived

has llegado
you have arrived
ha llegado
he, she, has arrived you have arrived
él / ella / Ud.
hemos llegado
we have arrived
nosotros / nosotras
han llegado
they, you have arrived
ellos / ellas / Uds.
6
Comer to eat
yo
he comido
I have eaten

has comido
you have eaten
ha comido
he, she, has eaten you have eaten
él / ella / Ud.
hemos comido
we have eaten
nosotros / nosotras
han comido
they, you have eaten
ellos / ellas / Uds.
7
  • The present perfect tense is used to describe a
    recently completed action.
  • In compound tenses the verb haber and the
    participle are never separated.

8
Irregular participles
9
  • decir to tell, to say
  • hacer to do, to make
  • ver to see
  • escribir to write
  • abrir to open
  • cubrir to cover
  • morir to die
  • poner to put
  • dicho
  • hecho
  • visto
  • escrito
  • abierto
  • cubierto
  • muerto
  • puesto

10
  • volver to return
  • devolver to return
  • romper to break
  • vuelto
  • devuelto
  • roto
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