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More Usages of the Subjunctive Tense

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More Usages of the Subjunctive Tense Sp. 3 H c.7 Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives (IN s), CQ s, and Por X que X This use of the subjunctive is used when ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: More Usages of the Subjunctive Tense


1
More Usages of the Subjunctive Tense
  • Sp. 3 H
  • c.7

2
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(INs), CQs, and Por X que X
  • This use of the subjunctive is used when the
    subject of the main clause is not definite or may
    not even exist. Some texts refer to these
    subjects as ghosts, but we will refer to them as
    INs. If the subject in the main clause may or
    may not exist, then the verb in the dependent
    clause has to be in the subjunctive tense.
  • IePaco busca un libro que tenga dos mil páginas.

3
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(INs), CQs, and Por X que X
  • IePaco busca un libro que tenga dos mil páginas.
  • The verb following the que is in the subjunctive
    because the subject is INDEFINITE. You are not
    sure if such a thing actually exists.
  • No hay nadie aquí que toque el clarinete.

4
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(INs), CQs, and Por X que X
  • KEY POINT
  • Indefinite subject in the primary clause que
    subjunctive in the dependent clause.

5
Here is the formula for this type of construction
  • IN Subject in main clause que verb in the
    subjunctive
  • No hay nada
  • No hay nadie
  • Busco
  • Necesito
  • Me gustaría Verb in the appropriate
  • Comoquiera QUE form of the subjunctive
  • Cualquiera
  • Dondequiera
  • Quienquiera
  • Por (adj or adv)

6
Progression of Tenses
  • Next we have to determine WHICH subjunctive tense
    to use based on the PROGRESSION OF TENSES
  • VERB in main clause Subjunctive Verb
    in second clause
  • Present
  • Future Present Subjunctive
  • Commands Present Perfect Subjunctive
  • Pres. Prog., Pres.
  • or Future Perfect
  • preterite
  • imperfect Imperfect Subjunctive
  • conditional Pluperfect Subjunctive
  • past progressive
  • conditional perfect
  • preterite perfect

7
Subjunctive with Indefinites and Negatives
(INs), CQs, and Por X que X
  • KEY POINT
  • A change of one little word could tip the
    sentence from definite to indefinite
  • from indicative to subjunctive.
  • Busco la persona que habla español.
  • Busco una persona que hable español,
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