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THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

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THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE Form This tense is formed with had been + the present participle. It is the same for all persons: I had / I'd been working We ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE


1
THE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
2
Form This tense is formed with had been the
present participle. It is the same for all
persons I had / I'd been working We had
been working You had/you'd been working You had
been working He/she /it had been working They
had been working
3
Negative They had not/hadn't been
working Interrogative Had you been
working? Negative interrogative had you
not/hadn't you been working?
4
USE Duration before something in the
past XgtgtgtgtgtgtgtTS_____I____________ past
present future We use the past
perfect continuous to show that something started
in the past and continued up until another time
in the past.
5
Time expressions such as for five minutes and
for two weeks can be used with both Present
Perfect Continuous and Past Perfect Continuous.
However, with Past Perfect Continuous the
duration does not continue until now, it stops
before something else in the past. They had been
talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.
6
She had been working at that company for three
years when it went out of business. Mike wanted
to sit down because he had been standing all day
at work.
7
Cause of something in the past Using the past
perfect continuous before another action in the
past is a good way to show cause and
effect. Jason was tired because he had been
jogging. Betty failed the final test because she
had not been attending classes.
8
Past Continuous vs. Past Perfect Continuous If
you do not include a duration such as for five
minutes, for two weeks or since Friday, many
speakers choose to use the Past Continuous rather
than the Past Perfect Continuous. Be careful
because this can change the meaning of the
sentence. Past Continuous emphasizes interrupted
actions, whereas Past Perfect Continuous
emphasizes a duration before something in the
past.
9
He was tired because he was exercising so hard.
(past continuoushe was tired because he was
exercising at that exact moment) He was tired
because he had been exercising so hard. (past
perfect continuoushe was tired because he had
been exercising over a period of time. It is
possible that he was still exercising at that
moment OR that he had just finished)
10
Past Perfect Simple vs. Past Perfect Continuous
There is a difference between a single action in
the Past Perfect Simple and an action in the Past
Perfect Continuous By six o'clock he had
repaired the engine. (this job had been
completed) He had been repairing the engine tells
us how he had spent the previous hour/half hour
etc. It doesn't tell us whether or not the job
was completed.
11
Another difference is that an action in the Past
perfect Continuous continues up to, or beyond,
the time of speaking in the past. An action in
the Past Perfect Simple may occur shortly before
the time of speaking, but there could be quite a
long interval between them He had been painting
the door. (The paint was probably still wet) He
had painted the door. (Perhaps recently, perhaps
some time ago)
12
REMEMBER- No stative verbs! Stative verbs are not
used in any continuous tenses. Instead of using
Past Perfect Continuous with these verbs, you
must use Past Perfect. The motorcycle had been
belonging to George for years before Tina bought
it. WRONG The motorcycle had belonged to George
for years before Tina bought it. CORRECT
13
EXERCISES Complete the sentences with the Past
Perfect Continuous 1)I _____(work) all day, so I
didn't want to go out. 2) She _____ (sleep) for
10 hours when I woke her. 3) They _____ (live) in
Beijing for 3 years when he lost his job. 4) When
we met, you ______ (work) in that company for 6
months.
14
5) He was red in his face because he ____
(run). 6) She _____ (not/work) but she was tired
anyway. 7) It (not/rain)______ long when I got
home. 8) I caught a cold because I
(not/eat)______ properly. 9) There was water
everywhere, ___________ (what/ the
children/do)? 10) ______ (why/you/study) so
hard? 11) _______ (how long/we/wait) when the bus
finally arrived?
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