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Buddhism

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About 80 percent of India s people follow which religion? What is the Hindu belief that states after the body dies, it is reborn over and over until it reaches ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Buddhism


1
  • About 80 percent of Indias people follow which
    religion?
  • What is the Hindu belief that states after the
    body dies, it is reborn over and over until it
    reaches perfection?

Hinduism
reincarnation
Buddhism
2
Hinduism
Hinduism is polytheistic, (believing in many
gods). Pictured here is one of the many gods of
Hinduism, Krishna.
Most of the beliefs of Hinduism came from oral
traditions which became the Vedasor holy
writingsof the Hindus.
3
Who do Hindus worship? the major gods of the
Hindu Pantheon
Brahma, the creator god
4
Who do Hindus worship? the major gods of the
Hindu Pantheon
Vishnu, the preserver god
Incarnates as ten avatars (descents) including
Rama (featured in the Ramayana)
Krishna (featured in the Mahabharata)
(Each shown with his consort, Sita and Radha,
respectively)
5
Who do Hindus worship? the major gods of the
Hindu Pantheon
Shiva, god of constructive destruction(the
transformer)
Appears as Shiva Nataraj,lord of the dance of
creation
and with his wife, Parvati, and son Ganesha(the
elephant headed remover of obstacles)
6
Reincarnation
  • Central to Hinduism is the belief in
    reincarnation. Hindus believe that after a person
    dies, they will be re-born as some other creature
    or thing.
  • What you are re-born as depends on your Karma
    or the deeds you did in your previous life.
  • If you did good deeds, you will reborn into a
    higher, better life. If you had bad Karma, you
    may be re-born as an insect or even a tree.

7
Why do many Hindus wear a dot near the middle of
their forehead?
It represents a divine sight and shows that one
is a Hindu.
8
Buddhism
9
Siddharta Gautama
  • Around 566 BC, Siddharta Guatama was born in
    India. He was a prince who was kept isolated
    inside a beautiful palace and not allowed to see
    the real world.
  • One day he left the walls of his palace and saw
    the pain and misery of life. He decided from
    then on that he needed to find a way of living
    that would allow people to find peace in life.
  • He spent many years trying different ways of
    life, following different philosophies. Finally
    he came up with his own way, which is now called
    Buddhism.
  • Gautama became known as Buddha, which means
    enlightened one. He developed the Four Noble
    Truths and The Eightfold Path.

10
Eightfold Path In brief, these are the laws of
the Eightfold Path
  • To know the truth
  • To intend to resist evil
  • To not say anything to hurt others
  • To respect life, property, and morality
  • To work at a job that does not injure others
  • To try to free one's mind from evil
  • To be in control of one's feelings and thoughts
  • To practice appropriate forms of concentration

11
  • The Laughing Buddha Have you ever seen a ceramic
    or carved representation (a statue) of the
    Buddha, perhaps in a Chinese restaurant, or for
    sale in a store, or in your home or garden?
  • Have you ever wondered why the Buddha is
    laughing?
  • The laughing Buddha reminds us that to be happy
    we need to have a loving heart. A big heart gives
    you tolerance. It helps you to greet each day
    with joy and all people with gladness. It helps
    you to tolerate a great many things with a big
    happy smile that reaches your eyes and your
    heart.
  • Buddha says that the best way to solve a problem
    we might have with someone else is to have a warm
    and loving heart.

12
The Dalai Lama or Spiritual Teacher
  • Today, Buddhism is a major world religion. There
    are over 300 million Buddhists in the world.

13
Buddhism Hinduism Mini Poster
1. Directions Use this power point and the
following website to gather information for this
assignmenthttp//www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.u
k/Homework/religion/buddhism.htm 1. Place your
name at top left 2. Title You must have a title
for each poster3. FACTS Place information
around the drawing. Be Creative.Place of
OriginAt least 2 major beliefs(can have
more)FounderExplain how Buddhism/Hinduism is
different from other religionsName at least one
god in HinduismExplain a Buddhist and Hindu
practice (how they live)4. Color the image. 5.
Draw at least one other symbol of that religion
and color.
14
Hinduism and Buddhism
Religion Founder Holy Days Sacred Book Beliefs and practices Place of Worship Follower Called Region in Today
Hinduism
Buddhism
Hindu Temple
Hindu
polytheisticbelieves in many gods and
goddesses Reincarnationcircle of life birth,
death, re-birth
India
Diwali (festival of lights)
Vedas (there are many volumes)
No founder, but beliefs emerged around 1500 BCE
Vesak (Buddha Day) The full moon in
May celebrates the birth, enlighten-ment, and
death of the Buddha.
live by Buddhas teachings Stop suffering by
stop wanting things Abide by the 8-fold path to
live the right waydo not hurt others Reincarnati
on
Buddhist Temple
No official book but many sacred texts
Siddhartha Gautama Buddha means Enlightened
One 400s BCE
Nepal China Japan Bangladesh
Buddhist
15
Hinduism 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Buddhism 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
India
India
1500 B.C.
Between 600 500 B.C
No official book but has many Buddhist text
explaining the right way to live
VedasBook of Knowledge There are many volumes
Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Japan, and countries in
So. East Asia
India and Nepal
  • a. Reincarnation
  • A prince called Siddhartha Gautama if the
    founder and is the Buddha, which means
    enlightened one
  • Four Noble Truths
  • 1. Suffering exists
  • 2. Desires create suffering
  • 3. Suffering can stop.
  • 4. Become selfless and deny all desires to stop
    the suffering.
  1. Reincarnationbelief the circle of life birth,
    death, and re-birth
  2. Karmabelief that the good or bad deeds you do is
    the force that determines your future
  3. Dharmalaws and duties of being Hindu
  4. Polytheisticbelieve in many gods and goddesses

16
Symbols for Buddhism
Symbols for Hinduism
http//www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/r
eligion/buddhism.htm
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