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What caused the partition of India? August 14, 1947 saw the birth of the new Islamic Republic of Pakistan. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The%20Partition%20of%20India%20High%20School


1
The Partition of India High School
  • Tennessee Geographic Alliance One Day Geography
    Workshop
  • Instructor
  • Kristi Neuroth
  • Ravenwood High School
  • Brentwood, TN

2
Overview of Session
  1. What is the partition of India?
  2. Bellringer
  3. Class assignment
  4. Extension activity
  5. Additional lessons and resources

3
Tennessee Standards
  • W.73 List the reasons for, and the effects of,
    the partition of the Indian subcontinent into
    India and Pakistan in 1947. (G, H, P)  

4
Connections to Common Core Standards
  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.WHST.9-10.2.B Develop the topic
    with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts,
    extended definitions, concrete details,
    quotations, or other information and examples
    appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the
    topic.

5
What does partition mean?
  • Simply stated, partition means Breaking Apart
  • The Partition of India was the partition of the
    British Indian Empire that led to the creation of
    the separate states of India and Pakistan in
    1947. 

6
What caused the partition of India?
  • August 14, 1947 saw the birth of the new Islamic
    Republic of Pakistan. India won its freedom from
    colonial rule at midnight the next day, ending
    nearly 350 years of British presence in India.
    When the British left, they partitioned India,
    creating the separate countries of India and
    Pakistan to accommodate religious differences
    between Pakistan, which has a majority Muslim
    population, and India, which is primarily
    Hindu.

Additional Reading 1. http//postcolonialstudies
.emory.edu/partition-of-india/ 2.
http//www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resou
rces/the-road-to-partition/india-pakistan-relation
s
7
Thinking Geographically
  • Why do you think the inter-communial conflict was
    located along the areas which would eventually
    become the border?
  • Why were Muslims and Hindus fleeing in different
    directions?

8
BELL RINGER Analyzing the partition of India
Spatially Thinking like a Geographer
  • Study the maps provided on the following slides.
    Take a look at the physical and human geography
    of the Indian Subcontinent to see if you can make
    any initial predictions about why India broke
    into several smaller states.

9
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10
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11
Class Assignment http//www.nationalarchives.gov
.uk/panjab1947/default.htm
  1. Each student will be assigned one of the 5
    people/groups of people below.
  2. The student will read the interview with their
    person/people (see student handouts).
  3. Students will meet together in groups of 5 (one
    representing each person) and will discuss what
    they learned.
  4. Students will complete part 2 of the assignment
    on the student handouts.

12
Extension Activity
  • Write a one page journal entry from the position
    of one of the people in the group discussion.
    The journal entry should be written from the
    perspective of that person during the partition
    of India and Pakistan. Include as many
    references as possible to the geographic
    landscape (both human and physical).

13
UK National Archives Resources
  • Personal Stories (From different religious
    groups) http//www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/panjab1
    947/default.htm
  • Partition Voices http//www.andrewwhitehead.net/p
    artition-voices.html
  • Tons of film and audio resources!
    http//www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/topic
    s/the-road-to-partition.htm
  • Tips for students on how to use primary
    resources http//www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/educ
    ation/students/primary-sources.htm

14
Additional Resources
  • Postcolonial Studies at Emory University
    http//postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/partition-of-
    india/
  • The Hidden Story of Partition and its Legacies
    BBC News http//www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/mod
    ern/partition1947_01.shtml
  • UK National Archives http//www.nationalarchives.
    gov.uk/education/topics/the-road-to-partition.htm
  • UCLA The Partition of India http//www.sscnet.u
    cla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/partition.ht
    ml
  • NY Times Potent Memories from a Divided India
    http//www.nytimes.com/2013/08/14/arts/potent-memo
    ries-from-a-divided-india.html?_r0
  • The Guardian Partition the birth of India and
    Pakistan interactive http//www.theguardian.com
    /world/interactive/2012/sep/06/india-pakistan-part
    ition-interactive
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