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American Political Parties (1860

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American Political Parties (1860 Today) When Abe Lincoln wins the election of 1860 ALL HELL BREAKS LOOSE! CIVIL WAR! Civil War what changed? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Political Parties (1860


1
American Political Parties (1860 Today)
  • When Abe Lincoln wins the election of 1860
  • ALL HELL BREAKS LOOSE!
  • CIVIL WAR!

2
Civil Warwhat changed?
  • North won!
  • Southern citizens are allowed back into the
    country
  • No penalty given for starting war
  • However,
  • They hate Lincoln and Republicans!
  • 1865
  • Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • Confederate supporter

3
Whats next for America?
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Begins around 1870s
  • Why does this matter?
  • North becomes industrialized
  • Factories
  • Railroads
  • Big business
  • South stays rural
  • Business farms

4
What does the I.R. mean for politics?
  • Republican party
  • Led by politicians from the North
  • Supported by
  • newly freed African Americans
  • Antislavery democrats
  • Wanted huge government to help rebuild nation
  • Democrats
  • Supported by
  • Slavery supporters in South
  • Farmers
  • Wanted small government to keep out of South

5
And then came William Jennings Bryan
  • Democratic Congressman from Nebraska
  • Ran for POTUS
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • Called for a conservative America
  • Go back to Christian fundamentals
  • This began the transition of democrats to
    modern day republicans
  • Wanted to go back to TJs Democratic-Republic
    days.

6
After 1908
  • Republicans are todays republicans
  • Conservative
  • Small business
  • Based in
  • South
  • Bible Belt
  • Rugged Individualism

7
And the Democrats.
  • When W.J. Bryan changed Democrats to Republican
    beliefs
  • Democrats became the liberals
  • Help big business
  • High taxes to help poor population in big cities
  • Based in big city states

8
So here they are.
  • Democrats
  • Focus on social issues
  • Gay rights
  • Help for elderly and sick
  • Education for all
  • Foreign policy
  • Work with other nations to secure world peace
  • Government role
  • Federal government should help all states equally
  • Republicans
  • Social Issues
  • Against gay rights
  • Privatized insurance
  • Education for those who can pay for it.
  • Foreign Policy
  • Isolationism
  • Only do what helps USA
  • Government Role
  • Small federal government that lets states do what
    they want

9
Famous Republican Presidents since Abe Lincoln
  • Herbert Hoover (1928-1932)
  • Built the Hoover Dam
  • Gave electricity to 1/3 of America.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower (1952-1960)
  • General during WWII
  • Richard Nixon (1968-1975)
  • Vietnam
  • Watergate
  • George Bush I and II (1988-1992) and (2000-2008)
  • War in Iraq I
  • War in Iraq II

10
Famous Democrat Presidents
  • Woodrow Wilson (1912-1920)
  • President during WWI
  • Helped with the Treaty of Versailles
  • FDR (1932-1945)
  • President during WWII
  • New Deal
  • Social Security
  • JFK (1960-1963)
  • Started Civil Rights movement
  • Bill Clinton (1992-2000)
  • Pays off government deficit for first time in
    almost 100 years

11
So what about third parties?
  • Third Parties
  • Any political party that runs against the main 2
    in a two party system
  • Led by an independent
  • Candidate not associated with anyone.
  • Most recent
  • (2008) Green Party Ron Paul
  • (1996) Reform Party Ross Perot

12
Splinter Parties
  • Parties that break from within a major political
    party
  • Democrats
  • Socialist Party
  • Republicans
  • Prohibition Party
  • Union Party
  • Tea Party?
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