Section 18.1 Role of Political Parties - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Section 18.1 Role of Political Parties

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Section 18.1 Role of Political Parties Political Parties Political Party = An organized group that seeks to win elections. Issues are used to win! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Section 18.1 Role of Political Parties


1
Section 18.1 Role of Political Parties
2
Political Parties
  • Political Party An organized group that seeks
    to win elections.
  • Issues are used to win!

3
Functions of Political Parties
  • Parties assist the electoral process
  • Parties inform the Electorate about voting
  • Get Out The Vote campaigns (GOTV).
  • Educate voters about candidates.

4
Functions of Political Parties
  • Parties assist the Electoral Process
  • Provide broad stances on complicated issues.
  • Creates coalitions of different groups under one
    umbrella.

5
Functions of Political Parties
  • Parties help organize the government.
  • Help determine leadership on Committees.
  • Assist in filling executive branch positions.

6
Functions of Political Parties
  • Parties help candidates run for office.
  • Candidates receive support to run a campaign.
  • Monetary
  • Helps voters identify candidate's stances.
  • Total Candidates numbers are kept down by parties.

7
Types of Party Systems
  • Two-Party System.
  • First Past the Post voting.
  • Other parties can exist, but hard to win!
  • Parties are big tents for different groups.
  • Parties lean towards moderate stances.

8
Types of Party Systems
  • One-Party System
  • One party dominates all political activity.
  • Only party allowed by law.
  • Typically found in dictatorships.
  • Happens sometimes in two-party systems
  • A party collapses leaving only its opposite.

9
Types of Party Systems
  • Multi-Party Systems
  • Voting by Proportional Representation
  • Done by many European countries.
  • Lots of small/moderate parties.
  • More specific stances on issues.
  • More unstable, but more democratic?
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