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Reflective Teaching

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Reflective Teaching NLII Presentation Summer Focus Session Teaching Teaching is the intentional arrangement of events so that appropriate learning will happen. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reflective Teaching


1
Reflective Teaching
  • NLII Presentation
  • Summer Focus Session

2
Teaching
  • Teaching is the intentional arrangement of
    events so that appropriate learning will
    happen.Robert Menges and Ann Austin (1994),
    AERA
  • Teaching today involves making choices in design,
    development, implementation, and evaluation of
    instruction and assessment of learning outcomes.

3
The Goal
  • To make it possible to put faculty in the center
    of a problem based model where faculty are
  • Learners
  • Reflective practitioners using inquiry to support
    teaching
  • Researchers contributing to a community for
    shared scholarship of teaching and learning.

4
Lewins Reflective Cycle
  • Concrete (Direct) Experience
  • Reflective Observation
  • Abstract Conceptualization (Comprehension)
  • Active Experimentation

http//www.dmu.ac.uk/jamesa/learning/experience.h
tm
5
So, what do you need to know to teach better
  • Methods or approaches to teaching
  • Knowledge about what, how, who
  • Feedback and evaluation of results

6
What you need to know to teach better
  • Methods
  • Eg. Systematic instructional development
  • Principals of teaching
  • Knowledge
  • About content to be learned, discipline
    communities, learners, possible strategies
  • Interpretation of research and published evidence
  • Interpretations of facts, ideas, knowledge
    domain, Internet searches.
  • Personal experience
  • Feedback
  • Eg. Student learning outcomes

7
Impediments/Problems
  • Method
  • Knowing what options are available, vocabulary,
    strategies, how to choose for what context?
  • Knowledge
  • Hard to assess, reliability, validity, what
    research to read, differences among disciplines
  • Feedback
  • Timely, hard to get, how to interpret results.

8
Solutions
  • Method
  • Instructional Design
  • Strategy matched to learner
  • Knowledge
  • Statistical support Item Analysis
  • Organization tools - concept mapping
  • Try it, experiment
  • MOATS example to learn about teaching methods
    and strategies.
  • Feedback
  • Change in student behavior
  • Test results, student ratings
  • Student retention
  • ValaNator example of using technology to get
    feedback.

9
Method Example
10
Feedback
  • How is teaching and learning measured?
  • What are the targeted and expected learning
    outcomes?
  • How are the learning outcomes developed and
    measured by what standards?
  • Student conference/discussion participation
  • LO tracking with LMS SCORM
  • Online surveys, quizzes
  • Student portfolio assessment
  • Student projects/presentations

11
What if we can?
  • Learn about teaching options and strategies for
    the design, development, implementation and
    evaluation of teaching and learning.
  • Have an environment where inquiry, experimental
    design, and assessment is supported.
  • Have ability to create teaching and learning
    environments for specific needs and convenience.

12
What is VALA project?
  • Virtual Adaptive Learning Architecture
  • University of Arizona, originally FIPSE-LAAP
    grant (3 years)
  • Design and develop environments for facilitating
    teaching, learning and assessment.
  • MOATS Information about what and how?
  • VALAnator Inquiry, test ideas and situations.
  • Instructional Learning Objects Repository
  • VALA Ontology/Thesauri

13
MOATS
  • Module Organizer and Teaching Suggestor
  • What instructional strategies work best for what
    teaching and learning situations?
  • Teaching Scenarios
  • Browse
  • Interviewer and suggestor
  • Teaching tool
  • Resources
  • My profile

14
MOATS
15
MOATS
16
MOATS
17
VALAnator
  • Promote reflective practice in teaching and
    course development in e-learning contexts by
    enabling inquiry ranging from formative
    evaluation to informal or formal research
    concerning how to arrange events

18
VALAnator
  • Allows a teacher to explore
  • the reliability of a test, exam, or survey used
    to measure a student characteristic or learning
    outcome.
  • data that shows the frequency of student
    interactions with the learning management system,
    content, instructor, or classmates.
  • looking at associations between a student
    characteristic and a learning outcomes measure.

19
ValaNator
  • an overall difference in a student characteristic
    or behavior  associated with a particular
    instructional strategy, tactic, or method versus
    another strategy, tactic or method.
  • an overall difference in a learning outcome
    associated with a particular instructional
    strategy, tactic, or method versus another
    another strategy, tactic or method.
  • differences in a learning outcomes related to a
    student characteristic and associated with a
    particular instructional treatment (strategy,
    tactic, or method)

20
ValaNator Integration with Learning Management
System - LMS
  • Make groups
  • Assign resources and tools.
  • Track usage data
  • Evaluation of results
  • Setup based on conditions configured from
    ValaNator to the LMS.

21
ValaNator
22
What are Ontologies and Thesauri?
  • Ways we define, relate and map knowledge domains?
  • Ontologies map definitions and relationships of
    terms and concepts in a subject area, field,
    discipline, with examples, instances.
  • Thesaurus have words and terms linked as similar,
    related, broader-narrower, hierarchical.
  • Terms and concepts in instructional design.

23
ValaOntology/Thesaurus
24
Many potential research questions
  • VALA tools enables us to join a national stream
    of inquiry
  • Communities of practice.
  • National Learning Infrastructure Initiative -
    NLII Spring Focus Session
  • Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
    Teaching
  • NLII Summer Focus Session
  • NSDL National Science and Math Digital Library

25
VALA
  • A project from the University of Arizona,
    Learning Technologies Center.
  • Project Team Jenny Franklin, Jean Kreis, Wayne
    Brent, Sue South, April Andrian, Garry Forger,
    Jan Knight, Jimmy Reynaert.
  • For more info
  • Wayne Brent, wbrent_at_arizona.edu
  • Jean Kreis, jeank_at_email.arizona.edu
  • Jenny Franklin, jennnyfra_at_email.arizona.edu
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