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Shakespeare 101

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Title: Shakespeare 101


1
Shakespeare 101
2
The Elizabethan Stage
  • Basic Information Theater
  • Physical Aspects of Globe
  • The Sets and Effects
  • The Actors
  • Audience Information

3
Basic Information
  • Plays were performed wherever they could find
    space, usually in court yards
  • First permanent theater was bulit in 1576 outside
    of London by James Burbage, named The Theater
  • 1599 rent was raised on the land on which the
    the Theater was built because of increase
    Burbages son dismantled the theater and rowed it
    across the river
  • Later the reconstructed theater was named THE
    GLOBE

4
Elizabethan Courtyard of Inn
5
Physical Aspects of the Globe
  • described as the Wooden O
  • open space - 65 in diameter
  • surrounded by a circular building..30 high with
    3 tiers of seats
  • stage 5 high, 40X30 rectangle
  • small curtained inner stage located at the back
    of the large stage-
  • The Heavens
  • front part of the stage equipped with a trap door

6
The Globe
7
New Globe Theater Stage
8
The Sets and Effects
  • stage bare however flags, banners, and musicians
    used
  • actors lowered from heavens by cranes
  • sound effects (a cannon) - a spark of a cannon
    was the cause of the fire that destroyed The
    Globe
  • torches were used to depict night

9
The Elizabethan Actor
  • Fencing Audience loved duels!!!
  • Tumbling Lots of movement!!!
  • Dancing Most plays ended with dancing!!!
  • Elocution Words were very important!!!
  • Acting Doubled in many roles, females roles
    easily played by young boys due to the use of
    wigs and heavy makeup
  • Music Played throughout!!!

10
The Elizabethan Actor
  • all actors were male - men played all parts both
    male and female
  • actors held in disrepute
  • considered rogues, vagabonds, sturdy beggars,
    common players

11
Audience Information
  • Audience usually stood, seats were for those who
    paid
  • Local officials were always trying to close
    theaters because they felt the people wasted
    their time there
  • 1592-1594 London theaters were closed during the
    plague years for officials felt the disease was
    too easily spread throughout the audience

12
Black Death
13
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • Lived from 1564-1616 during the days of Queen
    Elizabeth
  • Worlds greatest and most famous poet, playwright

14
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • What was his genius?
  • Had an understanding of people
  • Skilled in words
  • Everyone should know about Shakespeare for the
    English language and the theater has never been
    the same since

15
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • 1564 born in April 23 in Stratford-on-Avon, he
    died on that date in 1616 (age of 52)
  • 1564 baptized April 26 1 of 8 children
  • 1582 married Anne Hathaway

16
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • 1583 first child born, Susanna
  • 1585 twins born, Hamnet and Judith
  • 1592 became a famous playwright and actor his
    rival was Robert Greene

17
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • Was an actor for 20 years from 1585-1605
  • 1594 Charter member of Lord Chamberlains men,
    1603 it became known as the Kings Men
  • Wrote 154 sonnets, 37 plays, 2 book length
    narrative poems Masterpieces Hamlet, Othello,
    Macbeth, and King Lear

18
William Shakespeares Life (1546-1616)
  • All plays were written for kings paid 40 per
    play plays were popular and please audiences
    characters were real people (historical figures
    in many cases)
  • Shakespeare got his ideas from other plays and
    poems rather than his own personal experiences or
    current events from local material
  • His plays were published 7 years after his death
  • 1623 First Folio published true original
    copies of all of his plays

19
William Shakespeares Life
  • Why does he appeal?
  • He speaks words that we wish we had said. People
    are always quoting him. (examples It was Greek
    to me, in a pickle, a sorry sight, to be or not
    to be, all that glitters is not gold, elbow room,
    the long and short of it)
  • He appeals to all kinds of people in all times,
    nations, ages, and levels.
  • He is serious, funny, angry, ironical

20
William Shakespeares Life
  • Why does he appeal?
  • He does not make moral judgments.
  • He captures in words and actions all the great
    problems that have tormented human beings
    throughout the ages. We take comfort in the fact
    that the hero has flaws and is NOT PERFECT!
  • AND THE OLD GUY DID ALL
  • THIS, PLAY AFTER PLAY,
  • YEAR AFTER YEAR
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