Cold War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Cold War PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 762dd7-Y2I5O



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Cold War

Description:

Cold War A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war * I. Origins of the Cold War The Cold War was a time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:818
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: mychan98
Category:
Tags: cold | origins | war

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Cold War


1
Cold War
  • A state of political tension and military rivalry
    between nations that stops short of full-scale war

2
I. Origins of the Cold War
  • The Cold War was a time after WWII when the USA
    and the Soviet Union were rivals for world
    influence.

3
American Aims / Soviet Aims
  • The United States emerged from World War II more
    powerful than any other nation and it sought to
    use that power to build a world order based on
    the ideals of democracy
  • Soviet aims included spreading communist ideals
    and creating a buffer around the Motherland for
    national security

4
(No Transcript)
5
The seeds of the Cold War were sown at YALTA (in
the USSR) Date Feb 1945 Present Churchill,
Roosevelt and Stalin
6
Potsdam Conference July 17 to Aug 2, 1945
By the time of the Potsdam Conference, Stalin had
already installed communist governments in the
central European countries under his influence
Churchill, Truman, and Stalin
7
Containing communism in Europe
8
An Iron Curtain In a speech at Fulton College
in 1946, Winston Churchill coined the phrase
iron curtain to describe how the Soviets had
come to control Eastern Europe
President Truman at the podium with Winston
Churchill in Fulton, Missouri where Churchill
delivered his Iron Curtain speech
9
(No Transcript)
10
George Kennan and Containment
  • Kennan was a Soviet expert in the State
    Department
  • In the July 1947 issue of Foreign Affairs he
    wrote an article under the pen name Mr. X
    titled The Sources of Soviet Conduct
  • He described the USSR as being driven by an
    aggressive and uncompromising ideology that would
    stop only when it meets some unanswerable force.

11
George Kennan and Containment
  • Kennan wrote that the US must adopt a policy of
    firm containment designed to confront the
    Russians with unalterable counterforce at every
    point where they threaten the interests of a
    peaceful and stable world.

12
Greece the Truman Doctrine
  • Greece was in the midst of a civil war in which
    the Greek Communist Party might take control of
    the Greek govt.
  • On March 12, 1947 President Truman announced the
    Truman Doctrine
  • I believe that it must be the policy of the
    United States to support free peoples who are
    resisting attempted subjugation by armed
    minorities or by outside pressures.
  • The US gave 400 million to Greece to fend off
    communism

Harry Truman
13
The Marshall Plan
  • USAs plan to send food, blankets, fuel to
    re-build European nations ravaged by WWII to keep
    them from turning to the USSR for aid.

14
(No Transcript)
15
Berlin Airlift
  • In June 1948, the Soviet Union attempted to
    control all of Berlin by cutting surface traffic
    to and from West Berlin.
  • The Truman Administration initiated a daily
    airlift which brought much needed food and
    supplies into West Berlin.
  • The airlift lasted until the end of September

16
(No Transcript)
17
NATO 1949
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization created in
    1949
  • Defensive alliance of 14 nations of the Atlantic
    community
  • An attack on one member nation is considered an
    attack on all

18
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
19
Soviets respond to NATO with the Warsaw Pact
(1955)
  • Warsaw Pact Soviet dominated alliance formed to
    counter-balance NATO
  • USSR the Soviet controlled nations of Eastern
    Europe

20
NATO v. the Warsaw Pact
21
China falls to communism
  • For decades, China had endured a civil war in
    which the communists, led by Mao Tse-Tung (aka
    Mao Zedong) tried to seize control from the
    Nationalists, led by Chiang Kai-Shek)
  • Since FDR in the 1930s, the US had backed the
    Nationalists

22
Mao Zedong
Chiang, FDR, and Churchill meet during WWII
23
  • In 1949, the Communists won outthe Nationalists
    fled to the island of Formosa (today Taiwan)
  • Chinas fall to communism took the Cold War to
    new heights of tension and fear

24
Soviets explode their own Atomic Bomb 1949
25
Cold War turns Hot Korea
At the end of WWII, Korea was divided at the 38th
Parallel North Korea was communistSouth Korea
was free
26
Korean Conflict (cont.)
  • 1950 Communist N. Korean troops invaded the
    South, crossing the 38th Parallel
  • The United Nations condemned the attack as an act
    of aggressionthe UN called upon member nations
    to support S. Korea
  • Pres. Truman appointed Gen. Douglas MacArthur to
    command UN troops

27
Korean Conflict (cont.)
  • Communist Chinese troops joined with the N.
    Koreans, threatening to win the war for the
    communists
  • The war dragged on for months, neither side
    gaining a decisive victory.
  • Truce was reached in 1953the 38th Parallel
    continued to separate the 2 nationsas it exists
    today

28
The Rosenbergs
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
  • were American communists
  • executed in 1953 for passing atomic bomb secrets
    to the Soviets
  • 1st execution of civilians for espionage in U.S.
    history
About PowerShow.com