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Origins of the Cold War

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Chapter 26 Section 1 Objectives Students will be able to Describe the post war goals of the U.S. and the Soviets Analyze the effects of the Iron Curtain and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Origins of the Cold War


1
Origins of the Cold War
  • Chapter 26 Section 1

2
Objectives
  • Students will be able to
  • Describe the post war goals of the U.S. and the
    Soviets
  • Analyze the effects of the Iron Curtain and the
    Truman Doctrine

3
Questions of the Day
  • What do you think a Cold War is?
  • Why was this war considered a cold war and not
    hot? What made it a war?

4
1945
  • What was the relationship between the U.S. and
    the Soviet Union like at the end of WWII?
  • What were their areas of agreement?
  • What were their areas of disagreement?

5
Yalta Conference
  • Division of Germany
  • American, British, French, Soviet
  • Reparations to Soviets denied - 20 billion
    Why?
  • Japan
  • Support/islands
  • Poland gateway, promises, communism

6
United Nations
  • League of Nations failed
  • 50 Nations gathered
  • Peace, justice, cooperationstop wars
  • 11 Council seats that can veto
  • U.S, Britain, France, China, Soviets - permanent

7
Harry S. Truman
  • Roosevelt dies with all of his ideas
  • Truman was left in the dark

8
Potsdam Conference
  • Similar to Yalta, but new leaders
  • Attlee and Truman
  • Similar disagreements
  • Japan, , Germany
  • Truman shared his new weapon
  • Soviets were already aware

9
Goals
  • Soviet
  • Lost 20 million people and destruction
  • Wanted Satellite Nations
  • Communist countries
  • American
  • Wanted democracy and economic opportunity for
    conquered nations
  • Helps with trade politics

10
Soviets take hold
  • Poland no elections for 2 years
  • Albania Bulgaria silenced all ant-communists
  • Czechoslovakia democratic, but 2 years later
    communist
  • Hungary Romania same as above
  • Common thread took over police and silenced
    anti-communist leaders
  • Video

11
Iron Curtain
  • Cominform - spread the ideas all over the world
    without military action
  • Stalin v. Churchill (speeches)
  • Political, economic, and military tensions.

12
Analyze this cartoon
13
Containment
  • Keep communism from spreading!
  • bears within it the seeds of its own decay
  • What does this mean?

14
Truman Doctrine
  • Nearly every nation must choose between
    alternative ways of life. The choice is too
    often not a free one. One way of life is based
    upon the will of the majorityThe second way of
    life is based upon the will of the minority
    forcibly imposed upon the majorityI believe that
    it must be the policy of the United States to
    support free peoples who are resisting attempted
    subjugation conquest by armed minorities or by
    outside pressures. I believe that we must assist
    free peoples to work out their own destinies in
    their own way
  • Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947

15
Truman Doctrine
  • 400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey

16
Assignment
  • Respond in writing
  • Do you believe that Germany and other countries
    in Europe had a fighting chance with democracy?
    Explain.
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