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The Cold War Begins

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Chapter 15: The Cold War Begins 15.1: I: Origins of the Cold War The political and economic differences between the U.S. and the Soviets are the reasons for the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War Begins


1
Chapter 15
  • The Cold War Begins

2
15.1 I Origins of the Cold War
  • The political and economic differences between
    the U.S. and the Soviets are the reasons for the
    development of the Cold War

3
A. Yalta Conference(February 1945)
  • 1. Preparing for peace
  • a. Stalin, Churchill, Roosevelt
  • b. Free elections in Soviet occupied nations
  • FDR and Churchill- democratic govt
  • Stalin- communist govt
  • c. Compromise- recognition of communist govt
    w/free elections later

4
B. Dividing Germany
5
B. Dividing Germany
  • 1. Split Germany and Berlin
  • 2. Stalin also wants Germany to pay reparations

6
Tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union grow
  • 1. In part, due to Stalin refusing free
    elections
  • Not!

7
2. Cold War
  • State of hostility, short of direct military
    confrontation, that developed between the two
    superpowers

8
D. Incompatible Systems
  • 1. United States
  • Capitalism/private
  • property
  • Democracy/free
  • elections
  • c. Atomic Bomb
  • 2. Soviet Union
  • Communism/state
  • controlled
  • b. Dictatorship/one leader no political
    opposition
  • nonagressions pact

9
E. US Blames Depression for Cause of War
  1. Nations stop trading war for resources
  2. Therefore, promote worldwide trade

10
F. President TrumanThe buck stops here
  1. Blamed war on appeasement w/Hitler not happening
    with Stalin
  2. Meets w/Molotov and demands free elections in
    Poland
  3. Relations w/USSR spirals downward

11
G. Potsdam Conference (7/45)
  1. Truman continues to promote democracy and
    industry in Germany for economic survival
  2. Stalin insists on reparation
  3. Each country continues not to trust the other

12
Satellite Nations
  • Those countries that were controlled by Stalin
    to include Eastern Europe

13
Churchills Iron Curtain
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