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Origins of the Cold War: Confrontation of Superpowers

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Origins of the Cold War: Confrontation of Superpowers What was the Cold War? How did the Soviets view America? How did America view the Soviets? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Origins of the Cold War: Confrontation of Superpowers


1
Origins of the Cold WarConfrontation of
Superpowers
2
  • What was the Cold War?
  • How did the Soviets view America?
  • How did America view the Soviets?

3
The Emergence of the Cold War
  • American President Truman worked hard to avoid
    Russian intervention against Japan in World War
    II. (partially the reason for the atomic
    bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?)
  • the Americans had the strongest military forces
    in the world but made no attempt to roll back
    Soviet power in Europe
  • Americas peacetime goals reflected American
    ideals and served American interests
  • the USSR wished to expand its borders and
    influence to ensure its security and pave the way
    for worldwide domination

4
  • At the end of WWII, the U.S. and SU were each
    looking to extend their power that they gained
    during the war.
  • The SU did not want to give up control of Eastern
    Europe to secure their borders
  • The U.S. wanted to retain its power in Europe and
    defend the Free World
  • The Cold War will begin in 1945 and last until
    1989.

5
Disagreement over Eastern Europe
  • U.S. and Britain wanted self-determination for
    these countries.
  • Stalin feared the countries would return to their
    anti-Soviet govts.
  • The Red Army installed pro-Soviet regimes in
    Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary.

6
Containment
  • The U.S. policy following WWII to use whatever
    means, short of all-out war, to limit Soviet
    expansion
  • Coined by George Kennan who believed the SU would
    never seek peaceful coexistence with the US

7
  • Turn to page 1113 and read the two sections
    Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan
  • Create a two to three sentence summary on each
    program.

8
What was the Truman Doctrine?
  • U.S. program created to help Turkey and Greece
    resist Soviet pressures and support free people
    who are resisting attempted subjugation from
    outside pressures.

9
What was the Marshall Plan?
  • U.S. program created by Sec. of State George
    Marshall to provide economic aid to Europe after
    WWII
  • Only western Europe accepted aid from U.S.
  • SU did not allow Eastern Europe to use aid

10
(No Transcript)
11
Communists in Eastern Europe
  • Stalin formed Cominform amongst international
    communist parties in the effort to spread
    communism around the globe
  • Democratic reformers and communists who opposed
    Soviet control were executed or purged
  • it was clear that there would not be multiparty
    political systems in Eastern Europe

12
Domination over Eastern Europe
  • Soviet army occupied Eastern Europe at the end of
    WWII
  • Stalin desired a buffer against Western invasion
  • Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia successfully broke
    from SU
  • Stalin feared other revolts?he became more
    repressive
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