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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Definition OB is defined as a systematic study of actions and reactions of individuals, groups and sub systems Challenges faced by Managers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR


1
  • ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

2
Definition
  • OB is defined as a systematic study of actions
    and reactions of individuals, groups and sub
    systems

3
Challenges faced by Managers
  • Improving quality Productivity
  • Improving Customer service
  • Improving People Skills
  • Stimulating Innovation Change
  • Coping with temporariness
  • Working in Net-worked Organizations
  • Helping employees balance work life conflict
  • Creating positive Work environment
  • Improving ethical behavior

4
Why Study OB
  • To learn about yourself and how to deal with
    others
  • You are a part of an organization will
    continue
  • You are expected to work in teams
  • You may want to be managers
  • Understand Organizational Events
  • Predict Organizational Events
  • Influence Organizational Events

5
Bases of Organizational Behavior
  • 1) Psychology
  • 2) Sociology
  • 3) Social Psychology
  • 4) Anthropology
  • 5) Political Science

6
Changing trends in Business
  • Globalization
  • Workforce Diversity
  • Employment Relationship
  • Information Technology
  • Lots of Teams
  • Business Ethics

7
Basic OB Model
Organizational system Level
Group Level
Individual Level
8
Challenges in the Individual level
  • Individual differences
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Motivation
  • Empowerment
  • Behaving Ethically

9
Challenges in the Group Level
  • Working with Others
  • Work force Diversity

10
Challenges in the Organizational Level
  • Productivity
  • Developing Effective Employees
  • Efficiency
  • Putting people First
  • Global Competition
  • Managing Working in a multi Cultural World

11
Organizational Citizenship Behavior
  • Discretionary Behavior that is not part of an
    employers job requirement, but that nevertheless
    promotes the effective functioning of the
    Organization

12
Putting People First
  • Putting People 1st generates a committed
    workforce and positively affects the bottom line
  • People will work harder when they feel they have
    more control and say in their work

13
How to put people first
  • Provide employment security
  • Hire well
  • Create self managed teams
  • Pay well
  • Provide extensive training
  • Reduce status differences
  • Share information about organizational performance

14
Organizational Behavior Models
  • Autocratic Model
  • Custodial Model
  • Supportive Model
  • Collegial Model

15
The Rigour of OB
  • OB looks at consistencies.
  • _ What is common about behavior and helps
    predictability
  • OB looks beyond Common sense
  • _ Systematic study, based on scientific
    evidence
  • OB has a few absolutes
  • OB takes a Contingency approach
  • _ Considers behavior in context

16
OB Looks at Consistencies
  • What is common about behaviour, and helps
    predictability?
  • Certainly there are differences among
    individuals.
  • Placed in similar situations, all people dont
    act exactly alike.
  • However, there are certain fundamental
    consistencies underlying the behaviour of all
    individuals.

17
OB Looks Beyond Common Sense
  • Systematic study
  • Looking at relationships, attempting to attribute
    causes and effects and drawing conclusions based
    on scientific evidence
  • Behaviour is generally predictable.
  • There are differences between individuals.
  • There are fundamental consistencies.
  • There are rules (written and unwritten) in almost
    every setting.

18
OB Has Few Absolutes
  • There are few simple and universal principles
    that explain organizational behaviour.
  • Human beings are very complex.
  • Humans are not alike, which limits the ability to
    make simple, accurate, and sweeping
    generalizations.

19
OB Takes a Contingency Approach
  • Considers behaviour within the context in which
    it occurs.
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