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DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF MULTICULTURALISM

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DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF MULTICULTURALISM Ioana Bordeianu Border Police School ORADEA- ROMANIA ioanabordeianu_at_hotmail.com Multiculturalism was one of our country s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF MULTICULTURALISM


1
  • DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF MULTICULTURALISM
  • Ioana Bordeianu
  • Border Police School
  • ORADEA- ROMANIA
  • ioanabordeianu_at_hotmail.com

2
We never look beyond our assumptions and what's
worse, we have given up trying to meet others we
just meet ourselves. ? Muriel Barbery
3
1. What is multiculturalism?
4
DEFINITION
  • Relating to or containing several cultural or
    ethnic groups within a society (Oxford
    Dictionary)
  • the acknowledgement and promotion of cultural
    pluralism as a feature of many societies ()
    multiculturalism celebrates and seeks to protect
    cultural variety.
  • Harper Collins Dictionary of Sociology- 1991

5
a.Concept
  • As a general rule, the concept of
    multiculturalism has been defined in two
    different ways
  • as a descriptive concept
  • as a policy for responding to cultural diversity
  • (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

6
Worldwide cultural diversity is a plus?
7
b. Policy
  • It refers to the different normative challenges
    that arise from minority groups as a result of
    cultural diversity.

8
2.Multiculturalism and sociology
  • In sociology, multiculturalism is the view that
    cultural differences should be respected or even
    encouraged.
  • Sociologists use the concept of multiculturalism
    to describe one way of approaching cultural
    diversity within a society

9
Nowadays background
  • In the 21st century most of countries are having
    a mixture of citizens of different religions,
    cultures, national minorities and races.

10
3.The four dimensions of multiculturalism
  • Religion
  • Cultures
  • Linguistic differences
  • Races

11
Dimensions
12
Religion
Is one of the systems of faith that are based on
the belief in the existence of a particular god
or gods, or in the teachings of a spiritual
leader (Jewish religion, Christianity, Islam and
other world religions) The law states that
everyone has the right to practice their own
religion. Oxford Learners Dictionary
13
Why to worry? Chart The sad state of religious
freedom around the world
  • More than three-quarters of the world's
    population lived in countries with "high" or
    "very high" levels of restriction on religion in
    2013, according to a new Pew Research Center
    report titled "Latest Trends in Religious
    Restrictions and Hostilities.
  • http//www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/
    2015/02/27/chart-the-sad-state-of-religious-freedo
    m-around-the-world/

14
Plus value
  • Serving others is a value that all religions
    share
  • Religious development means humanity development
  • Happiness, wonder, joy are connected to religion
  • According to many social science studies,
    psychological well-being is positively correlated
    with religious engagement

15
  • basic social contact
  • coping strategies to enhance one's ability to
    deal with stress
  • a large, non-family network of social support
  • the positive mental health one derived from
    optimism and volunteering

16
Religious diversity
Religious diversity is a widespread phenomenon in
many countries, an important example from this
point of view is India where the diversity is
quite unique. In India we can see endless
varieties of cultural patterns and people have
here all the major religions of the world, India
being the epitome of the world
17
Culture
  • The customs, arts, social institutions, and
    achievements of a particular nation, people, or
    other social group Caribbean culture.
  • (Oxford dictionary)

18
Cultural diversity
  • Societies managed cultural diversity since
    ancient times, in Greece there were various small
    regions with different costumes, traditions,
    dialects and identities.

19
Plus value EU and cultures
  • Article 167 of the Treaty of the Functioning of
    the European Union defines the role of the
    European Union (EU) in the area of culture it
    supports, coordinates or supplements the actions
    of member countries and seeks to bring Europe's
    common cultural heritage to the fore.
  • The EU supports actions to preserve cultural
    heritage, and promote cooperation and
    transnational exchanges between cultural
    institutions in member countries.
  • A new funding programme Creative Europe will
    run between 2014 and 2020. Other initiatives
    include Heritage Days (locally-based initiatives
    that allow access to sites not normally open to
    the public) and Capitals of Culture, both
    launched in 1985.

20
Why to worry? Cultural effects on migration
  • In many European countries, including Britain,
    Switzerland, Denmark, Italy, and Sweden,
    opposition to immigration has become a central
    issue in many elections
  • With increasing numbers of asylum seekers,
    Britain is imposing stricter immigration and
    naturalization policies.
  • Charlie Hebdo!

21
(No Transcript)
22
Cultural diversity
  • Development Societies managed cultural diversity
    since ancient times, in Greece there were various
    small regions with different costumes,
    traditions, dialects and identities.

23
Linguistic differences
  • A language is a complex of knowledge and
    abilities enabling speakers to communicate with
    each other, to express ideas, hypotheses,
    emotions, desires, and all the other things that
    need expressing.
  • Linguistics is the study of these knowledge
    systems in all their aspects how is such a
    knowledge system structured, how is it acquired,
    how is it used in the production and
    comprehension of messages, how does it change
    over time?

24
Plus value Common European Framework of
Reference for Languages
25
Why to worry?
  • Linguistic differences are connected to concepts
    as
  • - Ethnic groups
  • - Tension source for rural urban groups,
  • Social classes differences,
  • - Ethnic identification

26
Language variety
  • Language differences mean regional, social, or
    contextual differences in the ways that a
    particular language is used (linguistic
    variability).
  • Interest in linguistic variation has developed
    rapidly after the rise of sociolinguistics in the
    1960s.
  • (Language and Linguistics Key Concepts, 2007).

27
Linguistic diversity
Linguistic diversity is an important issue to
take into account, in the approx. 200 countries
around the world there are 6000 spoken languages.
Some examples include Quebecois in Canada,
Catalans and Basques in Spain
28
Race
  • is a term that attempts to categorize human
    beings into distinct groups according to
    phenotypes or physical traits (e.g., skin color,
    eye shape).
  • Throughout history, race has been used as a
    social, cultural, and biological construct to
    group people.
  • The concept of race has changed over time and
    continues to be difficult to define because our
    current knowledge of biological science does not
    support the idea that there are meaningful
    biological differences between races.

29
Race, as a social concept, is a group of people
who share similar and distinct physical
characteristics. UNESCO
30
Plus value
  • Sociologists define race as a concept that is
    used to signify different types of human bodies.
  • Race research lead to interracial interactions
    which go smoothly and lead to productive
    collaboration and friendship.

31
Why to worry? Racism
  • Racism consists of both prejudice and
    discrimination based in social perceptions of
    biological differences between peoples. (Oxford
    dictionary)

32
Racial diversity
The rich racial diversity of modern humanity owes
its existence to geographic separation and the
reproductive isolation this separation has
created
33
4. Multiculturalism is a Failure or not?
German Chancellor Angela Merkel declared that in
Germany, multiculturalism has "utterly
failed. Both Australia's ex-prime minister John
Howard and Spain's ex-prime minister Jose Maria
Aznar reached the same conclusion about
multiculturalism in their countries.
34


Multiculturalism was one of our countrys social
revolutions of the 20th century. In the 21st
centurya century in which American global
leadership may be lackingCanada needs a
socio-strategic revolution. We need to find a way
to unite those communities in Canada that would
normally be divided by an overseas protracted
social conflict behind a shared foreign policy
approach.
Defence Minister Jason Kenney is also responsible
for the multiculturalism file in Canada
35
  • Our countrys policy of multiculturalism has
    brought the world to Canada. Today, we need to
    use our diversity to bring Canada to the world.
  • (Zach Paikin The Hill Times, London,
    England) news_at_hilltimes.com

36
  • Questions?
  • Thank you for attention!
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