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AIS PowerPoint Presentations

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Title: AIS PowerPoint Presentations Subject: Topic 1 - The Study of Accounting Information Systems Author: Marianne Bradford, M.B.A., C.P.A. The University of Mississippi – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AIS PowerPoint Presentations


1
(No Transcript)
2
Chapter 15 Accounting and Enterprise Software
  • Introduction
  • Integrated Accounting Software
  • Enterprise-Wide Information Systems
  • Selecting a Software Package

3
Introduction
  • Advances in Accounting Software
  • Initially processed bookkeeping transactions
  • Developed into powerful and complex data
    collection programs
  • Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP)
  • Provide all accounting functions
  • Interfaced with multiple functional areas of
    business
  • Manufacturing, Sales and Distribution, HR
    Applications

4
Integrated Accounting Software
  • Function
  • Process all types of accounting transactions
  • Transactions affecting general and special
    journals
  • Modules
  • Organizes transaction processing in modules
  • Provides links between modules
  • Include Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable,
    Inventory, and Payroll

5
Separate Systems and Hidden Profiles
I have 0 fact that support choice A 3
facts that support choice B 2 facts that
support choice C
I have 3 facts that support choice A 0 fact
that support choice B 2 facts that support
choice C
I have 2 facts that support choice A 2
facts that support choice B 2 facts that
support choice C
6
Separate Systems and Hidden Profiles
TOTAL 5 for choice A 5 for choice B 6 for
choice C
I have 3 facts that support choice A 0 fact
that support choice B 2 facts that support
choice C
I have 0 fact that support choice A 3
facts that support choice B 2 facts that
support choice C
I have 2 facts that support choice A 2
facts that support choice B 2 facts that
support choice C
7
Features of Integrated Accounting Software
Programs
8
Small Business Accounting Software
  • Information Needs of Small Business Owners
  • Cash Flows
  • Evaluating Profitability
  • Popular Software Packages
  • Quickbooks by Intuit
  • Peachtree Accounting

9
Midrange and Large-Scale Accounting Software
  • Utilization
  • Transaction processing needs grow
  • Volume and complexity
  • Popular Software Packages
  • Microsoft Dynamics GP
  • SAP Business One
  • Epicor
  • Sage softwares MAS 90, MAS 200
  • Everest

10
Midrange and Large-Scale Accounting Software
  • Cost Considerations
  • Range from 2,000 to over 300,000
  • Features
  • Multi-currency transactions
  • Currency conversions
  • Various modules and interfaces (CRM, HR)
  • Deployment options (desktop, web-browser)
  • Hosted solutions

11
Midrange Accounting Software Integration
12
Specialized Accounting Information Systems
  • Specially designed software for specific
    industries
  • Schools, Dental Offices, Pet Retailers
  • Can be designed as add-on modules for integrated
    software packages
  • Independent developers create programs to
    interface with integrated packages

13
Enterprise-Wide Accounting Software Solutions
  • Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP)
  • Enterprise software and Business application
    suites
  • Integrated program with central database
  • Popular Products
  • Microsoft Dynamics AX
  • SAP All-in-One
  • Oracle
  • Sage MAS 500

14
Enterprise System Functionality
  • Basic ERP Functions
  • Integration among major business processes
  • Order processing and Fulfillment, Manufacturing,
    Purchasing, and Human Resources
  • Extended ERP Systems
  • Back-office functions
  • Front-office functions

15
Extended ERP Systems
  • Supply Chain Management (SCM)
  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
  • Business Intelligence Tools (BI)
  • Partnership Relationship Management (PRM)

16
ERP System Integration
17
Supply Chain Example
18
The Architecture of Enterprise Systems
19
The Architecture of Enterprise Systems
  • Systems Configurations
  • Often run on companys system
  • Hosted solutions help alleviate risks
  • Centralized Database
  • Each data item stored once
  • Prevents data redundancy
  • Data immediately available to all business
    functions

20
The Architecture of Enterprise Systems
  • Application Interfaces
  • Best-of-breed approach
  • Enterprise application integration(EAI)
  • Internet Portals
  • Gateways to other web sites
  • Enhances communication and productivity among
    employees, customers, partners, and suppliers

21
Study Break 3
  • Which of the following is distinguishing
    characteristic of an enterprise-wide (ERP)
    system?
  • Must be a hosted solution
  • Multiple databases
  • Integration of business functions
  • Low cost

22
Study Break 4
  • Components of an ERPs architecture typically
    include
  • A centralized database and application interfaces
  • Internet portals and multiple databases
  • A centralized database running on a mainframe
    computer
  • Business intelligence and multiple databases

23
Business Process Reengineering and ERPs
  • ERP Integration
  • Entails reengineering an organization
  • Encourage conformity with best practices
  • BPR Success
  • Planning
  • High-level review of process
  • Support from top management

24
Key Aspects of BPR Success
25
Costs and Benefits of Enterprise Systems
26
Sales Dashboard Example
27
Measuring the Value of an ERP
28
Summary of Software Packages
29
When is a New AIS Needed?
30
Selecting the Right Software
  • Approach will vary
  • Complexity of the business and software
  • Packaged software or custom system
  • Acquiring Software
  • Utilization of value-added reseller (VAR)
  • Vendor consultants

31
Chapter 15
32
(No Transcript)
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