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Project Status Template


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Title: Project Status Template

Environmental Monitoring System in Support of
Defense and Civil Applications
  • Rapid data delivery 4x faster than legacy systems
    enables quicker reaction to changing conditions
  • 10x the data of existing systems
  • Accurate data - better forecasts
  • International collaboration
  • Contributes to 14 of 26 Essential Climate

Building Capacity in our Global Weather System
  • Critical inputs to weather forecast models and
    global change monitoring
  • Science-quality, operational data to users and
    research scientists
  • Continuity of climate data records

NPOESS Architecture and Program Status
NPOESS Environmental Monitoring Regimes
Weather, Oceanography Clouds, temperature, wind,
precipitation, currents, tides, land use

Space Environment Auroral particles, high energy
space radiation
Climate Environment Chemistry, water, land use
  • Space Environmental Monitoring
  • Anomaly resolution, human space flight safety
  • Long Term Monitoring
  • Global change implications
  • Nowcasting, Forecasting
  • Routine weather, disasters, military ops

  • Slide Removed for the Web distribution.

NPOESS System Architecture
NPOESS Mission Data
Command Telemetry
NPP Mission Data
NPOESS Program Accomplishments January Apr
  • NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP)
  • Payloads
  • CrIS environmental test completed, good
    performance results Tiger Team reviewing impacts
    of parts issues on a circuit card
  • VIIRS proceeding into TVAC testing
  • OMPS Tiger Team reviewing disposition of screw
    torque issue
  • Ground
  • Successful end-to-end demo at AFWA
  • Operations
  • Completed NPP Mission Operations Readiness Review
  • System Engineering
  • Completed Early Engineering Space-to-Ground
  • Sensor Performance analysis results - meets or
    exceeds KPPs and EDRs
  • Payloads
  • OMPS F2 nadir spectrometers aligned
  • VIRS F2 procurements in progress
  • CrIS F2 procurements in progress
  • SEM-N SRR completed to deliver before C1 need
  • MIS NRL on contract to deliver before C2 need
  • ADCS SARSAT in production and on track
  • TSIS sensor on contract with LASP
  • Ground/Ops
  • Operations Sustainment Critical Design Audit -
    cleared to proceed to NPOESS System Critical
    Design Review (CDR)
  • Space Segment
  • Completed Space Segment CDA 23 Feb-6 March as
    planned at restructure
  • 85 of 85 design reviews completed
  • Delivered Spacecraft Control Processor (SCP)

OMPS Delivered
CERES Delivered
IDPS AFWA Complete
NPOESS SBC Eng model delivered
IDPS at NESDIS Complete
CrIS TVAC Complete
VIIRS EMI and Vibe Complete
NPOESS Payload Development Status
CrIS Instrument (ITT)
VIIRS Instrument (Raytheon)
OMPS Instrument (Ball)
  • Cross-track Infrared Sounder
  • with ATMS provides atmospheric temperature,
    moisture, and pressure profiles
  • Flight 1 sensor completed environmental and
    performance testing
  • Performance meets or exceeds EDR requirements
  • Parts issues at ITT require rework of a single
    circuit board
  • Upcoming Pre-Ship Review for NPP spacecraft
    planned for Jul 2009
  • Ozone Mapping Profiler Suite
  • provides ozone data
  • Flight 1 integrated on NPP spacecraft
  • Tiger Team reviewing disposition of screw torque
  • Visible/Infrared Imager/ Radiometer Suite
  • provides 22 EDRs of atmospheric and surface
    environmental data
  • Flight 1 ambient, EMI and vibration testing
  • Proceeding into TVAC environmental test
  • Upcoming VIIRS F1 in TVAC
  • Pre-Ship Review scheduled for this fall

NPOESS Payload Development Status
ATMS Instrument (NGES)
CERES Instrument (NGST)
TSIS Instrument (LASP)
  • Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder
  • with CrIS provides atmospheric temperature,
    moisture, and pressure profiles
  • Flight 1 integrated on NPP in 2005
  • Clouds and Earths Radiant Energy System
  • provides data on incoming and outgoing radiant
  • Flight Module 5 integrated on the NPP spacecraft
    in Nov 08
  • Total Solar Irradiance Sensor
  • provides data on the amount of energy emitted by
    the Sun incident on Earth
  • Approved by EXCOM for C1 satellite on 1 May 2008
  • LASP on contract to delivery sensor in June 2012,
    within C1 need date

NPOESS Payload Development Status
Tx Antennas
Receive Antenna
Energetic Particle Spectrometer
(EPS) Medium-energy detector
Special Sensor J5 (SSJ5-N) Low-energy detector
SAR Repeater (DND)
Receiver Processing Unit (RPU)
Transmitter Unit (TXU)
High Energy Sensor (HES)
MIS Instrument (NRL)
SEM Instrument (JHU/APL)
  • Microwave Imager
  • Sounder
  • provides soil moisture and sea surface winds
  • System Requirements Design Review in May
  • Flight 1 Critical Design Review in 2011 with
    delivery in 2014 providing adequate margin to the
    C2 satellite need date
  • Space Environmental Monitor
  • provides data on charged particles entering the
    Earths atmosphere
  • Systems Requirements Review successfully
    completed in Feb 2009
  • On track to deliver by June 2012, within C1 need
  • Advanced Data Collection System Search and
    Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking
  • monitors data from unmanned sites relays
    distress signals from mariners and aviators in
  • SAR Processor unit complete
  • SAR Receiver unit CDR in 2009
  • A-DCS 4 PDR completed in Mar (High heritage from
    A-DCS 3)

Data Delivery
NPOESS improves robustness, accuracy, and
timeliness of delivery of essential weather and
climate data
NPOESS McMurdo Activity
  • Off-Ice Communications Infrastructure
  • Leverages OPTUS SATCOM link from Antarctica to
  • Link has been active since December 2007 to
    support NSF
  • End state is 60 Mbps outbound/20 Mbps inbound
    service to support NSF, NPOESS
  • Final phase scheduled to complete in 2009-2010
    work season
  • Installation of NPOESS Stored Mission Data
    (Ka-Band) Receptors
  • Antenna pad 1 completed 2008-2009 work season
  • Antenna pad 2 scheduled to complete in 2009-2010
    work season
  • Antenna installations scheduled for 2011-2012
    work season
  • Enhancement of NASAs McMurdo Ground Station
  • MGS is 10-meter antenna system with X/S-band
    receive/tracking capability
  • NASA upgrading MGS to support MetOp stored
    mission data (receive-only)
  • Upgrade scheduled for 2010-2011 work season
  • Implementation of Multi-Mission Communications
    and additional ground station capability
  • Contract award expected July 2009
  • Baseline tasks are upgrades to support routing of
    MetOp data to Darmstadt
  • Scheduled to complete in 2010-2011 work season
  • Includes option to implement a DMSP data recovery
    and relay capability
  • Adds S-band receive capability to the NPOESS
    Stored Mission Data Receptors

Overhead view of McMurdo Station Ross Island,
SafetyNet 2
SafetyNet 1
Satellite Architecture
  • Spacecraft designed for Earth
  • observation missions
  • Large nadir platform for maximum payload
    accommodation on the EELV launch vehicle
  • Optical bench stability to ensure all sensors
    meet pointing requirements
  • Thermally optimized with large cold- side access
    for science payloads
  • Overall Satellite
  • Orbit 828 km
  • 1330-C1 ascending node crossing
  • 0530-C2 ascending node crossing
  • Capacity to transmit 5.4 Terabytes a day (half
    the library of Congress)
  • 7-year duration to ensure no operational gaps
  • Ka-Band downlink to SafetyNetTM enables downlink
    of all collected data with 4x improvement of
    data latency (95 of collected data delivered as
    EDRs in 28 min)
  • Large on-board recorder capacity and SafetyNetTM
    architecture provides 99.99 data availability
  • Leverages NASAs Earth Observation Satellite
    (EOS) heritage and experience

NPOESS/VIIRS Supports Superior Cloud Forecasting
  • 22 spectral bands
  • Co-registered multi-spectral imagery
  • Cloud Aerosol Detection bands
  • Thin Cirrus Dual gain bands
  • Cloud Top Height, Cloud Top Base, Cloud
    Cover Layer, Opt. Properties

Opaque Cirrus
Thin Cirrus
Mixed Phase Clouds
4 Cloud Layers
Water Clouds
VIIRS Sensor
Thin Cirrus
Opaque Water Clouds
Opaque Water Clouds
Better CFLOS
Superior Cloud Detection/Discrimination
improves Cloud Free Line of Sight (CFLOS)
  • 3D gridded cloud product, near Uniform Cell
  • CTH, CTB, CCL, COP and EPS Products
  • Feeds directly into AFWA high resolution Cloud
    Forecast Models

Better Detection
412nm Dual Gain band gives superior contrast over
desert and improved detection of smoke, dust, and
  • Improved Cloud Analyses for AFWA forecast
  • Enhanced Aerosol Cloud Discrimination
  • Increased knowledge of CFLOS to support
  • Higher quality products for military

Aerosols Detection
Superior Aerosol detection (dust, smoke,
Instrument Performance very promising
meets/exceeds KPPs EDRs
Compliant region
Simulation results
Pressure (mbar)
Non-compliant region
  • All KPPs (bold boxes) Green
  • All NPP EDRs green except Aerosol Optical
    Thickness and Ocean Color (based on flight
    sensor ambient testing)
  • All NPOESS EDRs green except Ocean Color
    (yellow expected to go green following testing
    of integrated filter)

Temperature (K)
CrIS Atmosphere Vertical Temperature and Moisture
Profile KPP EDRs met with margin due to
outstanding sensor performance
Advanced Imagery Improves Interpretation
Multispectral capability greatly enhances scene
feature discrimination
Advanced Soundings Result in Better Forecasts
NPOESS Fidelity

Produces Global Forecast for national and
military users
Current Fidelity
NPOESS Fidelity

Where is Dujuan headed?
Natl Hurricane Center

Tanker Airlift Control Center
What Air Refueling route is optimal?
Currently 515 Channels
Temperature and moisture profiles
Hundreds of Channels
All forecasts start with a global model
Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)
DMSP OLS Low Light VIIRS Day Night Band
Swath width 3,000 km 3,000 km
Nadir Resolution 2,200 m 742 m
Swath Edge Resolution 5,400 m 1,600 m
Radiometric Resolution 6-bit quantized (256 gray shades) 12-bit quantized (16,384 gray shades)
Calibration Uncalibrated Calibrated across swath
Gain settings Automatic gain normalization (easily saturated) High, mid and low gain (119,0004771 ratio)
Signal to noise ratio Low to medium High (30 _at_ nadir, 6 _at_ swath edge)
Min moonlight illumination gt 50 gt 25
In an overall view, it appears that the
VIIRS/FU-1 will perform in a manner equal to or
better than the MODIS instrument. NASA MODIS
Science Team Lead
Monitoring Tropical Cyclones at Night
  • High-level circulation seen in Infrared

DMSP/OLS 8/30/2004 0504 UTC 11.0 µm IR Window
Eastern Pacific
  • Lower level cloud fields revealed via DMSP night
    time visible sensitivity

20 N
  • High vertical shear displacements between upper
    and lower level centers can be 200 km in some

15 N
125 W
120 W
Avoiding the Sunrise Surprise Courtesy of NRL
NPOESS VIIRS Day Night Band will provide better
spatial resolution with less noise
  • Real hardware and software being delivered
  • Command, Control and Communications System
    complete installed at NOAA Satellite Operations
    facility (NSOF) transitioned to Operations and
  • Integrated Data Processing System is in
    transition to Operations and Support at NSOF and
    will be complete by June 2009
  • NPOESS Sensor EDU integration and test with NASA
    NPP spacecraft completed
  • Sensor Flight Hardware completing rigorous
  • Operational Space Segment development on track
    for implementing Nations next generation
    environmental monitoring system

On plan to provide critical national weather and
climate monitoring system for assured data
VIIRS Incorporates Key Features From and Improves
Upon Previous Operational and RD Sensors
Operational Sensors
  • OLS
  • High Spatial Resolution
  • Day/Night Band
  • Minimize Resolution Growth Over Scan
  • Radiometric Accuracy
  • SST Band Continuity
  • 74 kg
  • 2 bands
  • 33 kg
  • 5 bands

RD Sensors
  • SeaWiFS
  • 275 kg
  • 22 bands
  • Ocean Color Bands
  • Rotating Telescope
  • Band Selection/Continuity
  • Thin Cirrus Band
  • Solar Diffuser
  • Earthshine Lessons Learned
  • 45 kg
  • 8 bands
  • 220 kg
  • 36 bands