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SADC ORGAN ON POLITICS, DEFENCE

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SADC ORGAN ON POLITICS, DEFENCE & SECURITY CO - OPERATION (OPDSC) Presentation by the Department of Defence to the Joint Standing Committee on Defence (JSCD) 14 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SADC ORGAN ON POLITICS, DEFENCE


1
SADC ORGAN ON POLITICS, DEFENCE SECURITY CO -
OPERATION (OPDSC)
  • Presentation by the Department of Defence to the
    Joint Standing Committee on Defence (JSCD) 14
    November 2003.

2
SADC HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  • In discussing the SADC OPDSC, one has to look
    broadly at SADC interstate security co -
    operation which dates back to the early 1970s.
  • The Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    as it is now known, was established in 1992 with
    the signing of the SADC Declaration and Treaty in
    Windhoek, Namibia on 17 August 1992. The main
    objective of SADC is to achieve development,
    economic growth, alleviate poverty, enchance the
    standard and quality of life of the peoples of
    Southern Africa and support the socially
    disadvantaged through regional integration. SADC
    is mainly an economic community.
  • Prior to SADC, there was the Southern African
    Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC)
    which was established in Lusaka in 1980.

3
SADC HISTORICAL BACKGROUND (CONT)
  • SADCC was set up after the adoption of the
    declaration titled, Southern Africa Towards
    Economic Liberation. The main focus of SADCC was
    to reduce economic dependence on South Africa.
  • SADCC was preceded by the Frontline States (FLS)
    established in 1975. It was set up by Mozambique,
    Tanzania and Zambia in order to lobby for the
    liberation of Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
    Other countries such as Zimbabwe joined the FLS
    upon independence in 1980.

4
SADC OPDSC
  • In the restructuring of SADCC to SADC, a new
    structure called the SADC Organ on Politics,
    Defence and Security Co - operation (OPDSC) was
    approved by the SADC Heads of State and
    Government (HoSG) Summit, in Blantyre, Malawi, in
    2001. However, the process of setting up the
    OPDSC dates back to about 1989 when the Heads of
    State and Government Summit meeting in Harare
    decided that SADCC needed to be transformed.
  • During the course of discussing the formalisation
    of SADCC to SADC, a SADC workshop held in Namibia
    in 1994, resolved that SADC needed to set a
    course towards formal involvement in security co
    - ordination, conflict mediation and even
    military co - operation. It needs noting that
    this took place against the background of the
    existence of the FLS which was formally disbanded
    in 1994 to become the political and security wing
    of SADC. The restructuring of SADC did not

5
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • automatically accommodate the sub - structures of
    the FLS, namely the Inter - State Defence and
    Security Committee (ISDSC). There was a debate
    amongst member states about the role of the ISDSC
    until finally it was agreed that it would fall
    under the OPDSC which in turn reports to the
    Heads of State and Government Summit (HoSG).
  • The OPDSCs existence is provided for by the SADC
    Treaty (as amended). Article 9 (1) (c) is about
    the Organ whilst Article 9A is about chairing of
    the Organ (Article 9 A).
  • Overall the Treaty (as amended) provides that
    member states shall act in accordance with the
    principle of ...solidarity, peace and security
    (Article 4 a) and that one of the objectives of
    SADC is to consolidate, defend and maintain
    democracy, peace security and stability (Article
    5 (1) c).

6
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • The existence of the Organ is also provided for
    in the Protocol on Politics, Defence and Security
    Co - operation (PPDSC) which was approved by HoSG
    Summit in Blantyre, Malawi in August 2001. This
    guides the OPDSCs structure, functions,
    objectives, secretariat, ratification, accession,
    etc. Some of these provisions are discussed
    below.
  • The Protocol states that (t) he general
    objective of the Organ shall be to promote peace
    and security in the Region (Article 2 (1). The
    OPDSC is therefore seen as one of institutions or
    mechanisms of enhancing peace and security in the
    region.
  • Let us turn our attention to the structures of
    the Organ.

7
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • The OPDSC operates on a Troika chairing system.
    This is the same as the overall SADC. The Troika
    provides for a Chairperson, Incoming Chairperson
    and Outgoing Chairperson.
  • There is a Ministerial Committee of the Organ
    (MCO) which is made up of Ministers of Defence,
    Foreign Affairs, Public Security and State
    Security (Article 5 of the PPDSC). Its main
    function is to co - ordinate the work of the
    Organ and its structures and it reports to the
    Chair of the Organ (the Head of State and
    Government of the member state chairing the
    Organ).
  • OPDSC has two sub - committees, namely the ISDSC
    (which is a former FLS structure) and the Inter -
    State, Politics and Diplomacy Committee (ISPDC).
    Both are chaired by the member state chairing the
    Organ (Articles 6 7 of the PPDSC).

8
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • The ISDSC and ISPDC each meet at a Ministerial
    level. The ISPDC is comprised of Ministers of
    Foreign Affairs whilst the ISDSC is comprised of
    the Ministers of Defence, Public Security and
    State Security. The MCO is where Ministers
    belonging to both ISDSC and ISPDC meet.
  • Although there is no provision in the Protocol
    and the Rules of Procedure, both committees also
    meet at the officials level. This is at the level
    of Permanent Secretaries or Directors - General
    or lower. For the ISDSC, this includes both
    Permanent Secretaries and Chiefs of Defence
    Staff.
  • The ISDSC has three sub committees, namely,
    Defence Sub - Committee (DoD), Public Security
    sub - committee (DoSS and DoHA) and State
    Security sub - committee (SASS and DFA). At this
    stage the ISPDC has no sub - committees although
    there are discussions oncreating sub -
    structures.

9
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • Only officials comprise membership of the sub -
    committees usually at the level of Directors -
    General or Permanent Secretaries. For the Defence
    Sub - Committee, the Chiefs of Defence Staff are
    included.
  • The Defence and Public Security Sub - Committees,
    in turn, have Sub - Sub Committees. The working
    groups are comprised of officials below the
    levels of Directors - General or Permanent
    Secretaries.
  • For the Defence Sub - Committee, there is the
    Operations (Ops) Sub - Sub Committee, whilst for
    the Public Security Sub - Committee, there is the
    Immigration Sub - Sub Committee (DoHA).
  • The Ops Sub - Sub Committee, chaired by the
    member state Chairing the Organ, in turn has
    working groups and standing committees (still

10
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • Chaired by the country chairing the Organ). There
    are eight such groups/committees,namely,
  • Spiritual and Moral Support Services Workgroup,
  • Aviation Standing Committee,
  • Maritime Standing Committee,
  • Telecommunicaitons Workgroup,
  • Logistics Workgroup,
  • Military Medical Services Workgroup,
  • Defence Intelligence Standing Committee, and
    lastly,
  • Personnel Workgroup.
  • What follows is the OPDSC structure.

11
(No Transcript)
12
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • In an effort to strengthen the Organ, a Strategic
    Indicative Plan of the Organ (SIPO), developed by
    the Troika of the Organ together with co - opted
    members such as South Africa was approved by SADC
    HoSG Summit held in Tanzania in 2003.
  • The objective of SIPO is to operationalise the
    provisions of the Protocol. Each sector of the
    Organ, namely, the Political (from the ISPDC),
    Defence, State and Public Security (from the
    ISDSC) had to work out activities that have to be
    undertaken in order to realise the objectives of
    the Protocol. For example, in the Defence Sector,
    it was proposed that in order to realise
    objective 2 (h) of the Protocol (Article 2 (2)
    (h), which reads, considerthe development of a
    collective security capacity and conclude a
    Mutual Defence Pact to respond to external
    miliary threats, the following activities have
    to be undertaken

13
SADC OPDSC (CONT)
  • finalisation of the drafting of the SADC Mutual
    Defence Pact,
  • operationalise the SADC Mutual Defence Pact,
  • promote and disseminate the SADC Mutual Defence
    Pact within the member states institutions,
  • harmonise military doctrines and operational
    concepts in the region in order to achieve
    regional inter - operability,
  • adopt and rehearse operational procedures aiming
    at achieving the spirit of the Pact.
  • SIPO also provides a structure to provide
    administrative, secretarial, management and other
    services to the Organ.

14
DoD PARTICIPATION
  • The DoD has participated in the activities of the
    Organ ever since SA was admitted as a member of
    SADC. This participation has ranged from
    attending and hosting meetings, providing inputs
    in respect of policy proposals, providing
    logistical support to holding joint military
    exercises such as Blue Crane and Blue Hungwe.
  • In SADC, the Troika system is used in Chairing
    and this is no different for the various SADC
    structures. In the SADC HoSG Summit held in
    Tanzania in August 2003, Lesotho was chosen as
    Chair of the Organ, South Africa Incoming Chair
    (to be Chair in 2004 - 2005) and Mocambique as
    the Outgoing Chair.
  • Choosing SA as Deputy Chair and ultimately as
    Chair has implications for the DoD. The Inter -
    Ministerial Security Committee agreed that the

15
DoD PARTICIPATION
  • DoD should be a lead department in respect of
    Organ issues, more so on ISDSC matters.
  • At ISDSC, ISPDC and OPDSC meetings each country
    has a responsibility of providing a country brief
    on its state of affairs. For SA, this
    responsibility falls to the DoD.
  • In the tradition of SADC, the member state that
    Chairs is expected to host part or all of SADC
    meetings. For the Organ, this means hosting
  • the MCO meeting,
  • ISDSC ISPDC Ministers and officials meetings,
  • putting in the agenda of Summit SADC position on
    issues such as the Africa Standby Force, etc.

16
DoD PARTICIPATION
  • All these issues mean that the DoD, as one of
    the departments involved in the Organ, must
    ensure that the necessary inputs are developed
    and makes recommendations on how to meet the set
    objectives.

17
  • QUESTIONS
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