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Ford and Carter

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FORD AND CARTER Fall into the Abyss Ford and Carter Both were men of decency and integrity, but neither established reputations as strong, dynamic leaders. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ford and Carter


1
Ford and Carter
  • Fall into the Abyss

2
Ford and Carter
  • Both were men of decency and integrity, but
    neither established reputations as strong,
    dynamic leaders.
  • Although many Americans admired their honesty
    and sincerity, neither Ford nor Carter succeeded
    in winning the confidence of the American people

3
Ford and Carter
  • Both Ford and Carter seemed to waffle on major
    issues of public policy. As a result, both came
    to be regarded as unsure, vacillating presidents
  • Passionless presidents" faced serious problems,
    ranging from dealing with rising oil prices to
    confronting third-world terrorists.

4
Crisis for Ford
  • Fall of Vietnam
  • The pardon of Richard Nixon
  • The birth of OPEC
  • Detroit bailout
  • Stagflation

Stagnant Economy
Rising Prices
Stagflation
5
Causes of Stagflation
  • Lyndon Johnson decided to fight the Vietnam War
    without raising taxes enough to pay for it.
  • Inflation was further fueled by a series of crop
    failures and sharp rises in commodities,
    especially oil.
  • Inflation reduced the purchasing power of most
    Americans.

6
Results of Stagflation
  • A sharp increase in the number of Americans
    unable to afford health insurance
  • Dramatic increase in the cost of housing, with an
    increase in homelessness
  • Gas prices rose, long lines formed at gas pumps

7
Results of Stagflation
  • Foreign countries began to dominate the highly
    profitable, technologically-advanced fields such
    as consumer electronics, luxury automobiles, and
    machine tools.
  • The decline in the American share of the market
    meant fewer jobs in the American automobile,
    steel, rubber, and electronics industries.
  • 30 million jobs disappeared. Displaced workers
    saw their savings depleted, mortgages foreclosed,
    and health and pension benefits lost.

8
Jimmy Carter and Foreign Policy
  • The Camp David Accord Israel agreed to return
    the Sinai to Egypt. In return, Egypt promised to
    recognize Israel, and as a result, became a
    staunch U.S. ally.
  • Carter pushed the Panama Canal Treaty through the
    Senate, which provided for the return of the
    Canal Zone to Panama and improved the image of
    the United States in Latin America.
  • He extended diplomatic recognition to the
    People's Republic of China.

9
Jimmy Carter and Foreign Policy
  • Failure in Iran
  • Masses of Iranians turned against the shah and
    his Westernization policies
  • Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, preached the
    doctrine that the United States was the "Great
    Satan" behind the shah.
  • Relations between the United States and the new
    Iranian government were terrible

10
Jimmy Carter and Foreign Policy
  • On November 4, 1979, Iranian supporters of
    Khomeini invaded the American embassy in Teheran
    and captured 66 Americans, 13 of whom were freed
    several weeks later. The rest were held hostage
    for 444 days and were the objects of intense
    political interest and media coverage
  • Russian invasion of Afghanistan
  • Boycott of Moscow Olympics

11
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