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CLIMATE 5.8A Climate In winter, do you wear a thick coat and gloves? Or do you wear a t-shirt and shorts? What you wear in winter depends on where you live. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • 5.8A

  • In winter, do you wear a thick coat and gloves?
    Or do you wear a t-shirt and shorts? What you
    wear in winter depends on where you live. Some
    places are very cold in winter while others are
    warm, or even hot. Different places on Earth
    have different climates.

Climate on Earth
  • Every place on Earth has a climate. Climate is
    the weather patterns in an area over a long
    period of time.

Look at the pictures. What do you think the
climate is like in each place?
Chihuahua Desert, Texas
Is it climate or is it weather?
  • If you want to go outside and play, you will
    probably think about the weather. Is it warm or
    cold? Is it cloudy or sunny? Is it raining or
  • Weather is the condition of the atmosphere
    outside at any given time. The weather is
    constantly changing.

  • Weather includes
  • The temperature of the air
  • The speed of the wind
  • The amount of moisture in the air (humidity)
  • Precipitation such as rain, snow, sleet, or hail

  • Tropical Rainforest
  • Think of a tropical rainforest.
  • The climate in a tropical rainforest is warm and
    wet all year long. Many different plants and
    animals live in this environment. Why do you
    think this is so?

  • Now think about the climate in a desert. It is
    very dry and, sometimes, very hot. Not much
    precipitation falls in a desert.

Different PlacesDifferent Climates
  • A tropical forest in Brazil has a wet, warm
  • The Chihuahuan Desert in Texas has a hot, dry

Climate Zones on Earth
  • There are three basic climate zones on Earth.
    These climate zones are caused by the amount of
    sunlight they receive.

The polar zones are cold and dark.
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
The tropical zone surrounds the equator and has a
warm to hot climate with a lot of sunshine.
Tropical Zone
The temperate zones have a more moderate climate
than the polar zones and the tropical zones.
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
Oceans and Climates
  • Oceans also affect climate. Water holds heat for
    a longer time than land. Long after the land has
    cooled, water stays warm. So places near the
    ocean can have warmer climates than places
    farther from the ocean.

High and Low Land
  • The height of a place can also affect its
    climate. Sea level is used to measure the height
    of places on Earth. Places that are far above
    sea level are high in the air. These places
    often have colder climates. Low-lying land is
    closer to sea level. This land usually has a
    warmer climate.

Rain Shadows
  • Mountains affect climate in other ways. Tall
    mountains can block clouds from moving through
    the sky. The clouds will drop the rain on one
    side of the mountain. Not as much rain falls on
    the other side of the mountain. The dry side is
    said to be in a rain shadow. The area in a rain
    shadow has a drier climate than the other side of
    the mountain.

Comparing Climate and Weather
Climate does not change from day to day. Climate
is an areas weather pattern over a long period
of time.
  • Weather is different from climate. Weather can
    change from day to day.

Weather includes
Temperature each day
Wind each day
Clouds each day
Precipitation each day
Humidity each day
Climate includes
Usual temperatures during the year
Usual winds during the year
Usual clouds during the year
Usual precipitation during the year
Usual humidity during the year