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Philosophical Schools of Thought

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Philosophical Schools of Thought ABSOLUTISM RELATIVISM EMPIRICISM HEDONISM QUIETISM CYNICISM Objectivism/Absolutism There is fundamentally one & only one good life ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Philosophical Schools of Thought


1
Philosophical Schools of Thought
2
  • ABSOLUTISM
  • RELATIVISM
  • EMPIRICISM
  • HEDONISM
  • QUIETISM
  • CYNICISM

3
Objectivism/Absolutism
  • There is fundamentally one only one good life
    for all to lead

4
Subjectivism/Relativism
  • There is no absolute determination of morality
  • Truth is relative to the individual
    circumstances
  • Moral judgments are neither true or false
  • Truth false can only be interpreted by each
    individual

5
Empiricism
  • Believes that we should only trust what we
    experience personally
  • Measured by and filtered through the senses

6
Hedonism
  • Comes from the Greek word for pleasure
  • Pleasure alone is good
  • All happiness is a function of pleasure
  • Hippie motto If it feels good, do it.
  • Differs from Epicureanism pain negates pleasure
    hedonism makes no such distinction

7
Quietism
  • Eastern/Oriental ethical philosophy
  • Accept adversity
  • Though we suffer, its our ethical duty to make
    the best of things
  • Submission in tranquility meditation
  • Physical world of the senses is an illusion
  • Truth happiness transcends the material world

8
Cynicism
  • Assumes the world is fundamentally evil
  • To live righteously withdraw from participation
    in the world
  • Possession of material goods c/n create happiness
    creates constant striving, continual
    disappointment, dissatisfaction
  • True happiness resides within each
  • Live frugal, solitary life shunning worlds goods
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