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WORLD WAR II through the Gulf War


WORLD WAR II through the Gulf War IN PICTURES World War II began when German troops invaded Poland. Freed from the threat of invasion at his back by Russian troops ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WORLD WAR II through the Gulf War

WORLD WAR II through the Gulf War

  • World War II began when German troops invaded
    Poland. Freed from the threat of invasion at his
    back by Russian troops, Hitler moved swiftly to
    invade Poland on September 1, 1939 . On September
    3, France and Britain declared war on Germany,
    honoring their treaty obligations to Poland.
    Poland fell quickly, with German forces advancing
    as much as 40 miles in a single day

  • A ship burns during the Japanese attack on
    the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, December 7,
    1941. That surprise attack propelled the country
    into World War II. The next day, President
    Franklin Roosevelt would call it, a day that
    would live in infamy.

  • President Franklin D. Roosevelt asking the
    Congress to declare war on Japan, which it did on
    December 8, 1941. Adhering to the Tripartite
    Pact, Hitler then declared war on the U.S.,
    making it truly a world at war. The Japanese
    attack on the American naval and air bases
    brought the U.S. into World War II and shifted
    the balance of power in favor of the Allies.

The Allied Powers
  • The main Allied Powers were
  • The United States
  • Great Britain (United Kingdom)
  • France
  • Soviet Union

  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, FDR, was the U.S.
    president for most of WWII. He died in Warm
    Springs, Georgia a month before Germany

  • Winston Churchill, was the prime minister of
    Great Britain during the war. Great Britain was
    one of the few countries in Europe that Hitler
    was not able to conquer, although he bombed the
    country heavily.

Most of France was taken over by Germany early in
World War II, although a French resistance force
fought alongside the Allies throughout the war.
The Soviet Union, led by dictator Joseph Stalin,
joined the war on the side of the Allies after
Hitler broke his non-aggression pact and invaded
the Soviet Union
The Axis Powers
  • The main Axis Powers in World War II were
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan

  • Germany was led by dictator Adolf Hitler.
    After Hitler took power in Germany in 1933, he
    soon became a dictator who gained support among
    the German people by promising to make Germany a
    powerful country once again.

  • Italy was lead by fascist dictator Benito

  • Japan was led by Emperor Hirohito who was a
    monarch, although Japan also had a prime
    minister, General Hideki Tojo.

  • One way Americans at home helped the war
    effort was by rationing, or using less of certain
    products. This picture shows a line for sugar

  • Many materials were in short supply and
    citizens were asked to conserve and turn in tires
    and metal to be reused by the growing defense

  • Another way Americans at home helped the war
    effort was by buying War Bonds. By buying bonds,
    Americans were loaning money to the U.S.
    Government for the war and would be repaid with

  • Women helped the war effort by taking over
    factory jobs. This poster features a fictional
    character called Rosie the Riveter that
    represents the women who took over factory jobs
    during WWII.

  • While women were not allowed to fight in
    combat, they joined the military as clerks and

  • Propaganda posters were an important tool for
    all the countries in World War II. This Russian
    poster says, Death to the Fascist Serpent!

  • Most Japanese citizens were forced to live in
    internment camps during World War II, because the
    government was worried they might fight against
    the United States, even though there was no
    evidence of this.

  • The Holocaust
  • After their victory, the Allies discovered the
    extent of the hideous Nazi attempt to exterminate
    the Jews and other social "undesirables" such as
    people who were mentally or physically
    handicapped in an effort to purify the German
    "master race." This Nazi policy had been extended
    to all of the countries occupied by German

  • The horrors of the Holocaust and the 12
    million killed, including 6 million Jews, was not
    fully known until after the war ended.

  • Tuskegee Airmen-An African-American squadron
    of pilots formed in 1941 they were based in
    Tuskegee, Alabama, and trained at Tuskegee

  • The D-Day invasion across the English
    Channel, June 6, 1944, along the Normandy coast
    in France. In addition to this frontal assault,
    parachute and glider troops were dropped behind
    the German lines during the night before the
    invasion. Hitler, having been tricked into
    believing initially that the Normandy strike was
    a deceptive move to cover a true assault planned
    for Calais, did not at first send reinforcements.

  • The three Allied leaders, Winston Churchill
    from Great Britain, Franklin Roosevelt from the
    U.S., and Joseph Stalin from Russia meet at Yalta
    shortly before the end of the war.

  • General Douglas MacArthur going ashore in
    Lingayen Gulf on January 22, 1945. When MacArthur
    landed in Australia after his flight from the
    Philippines in March 1942, he made his famous
    promise, "I will return," and he did return in
    October 1944.

  • Members of the United States Marine Corps raise
    the American flag on Mount Suribachi on February
    23, 1945 after the Battle of Iwo Jima, one of the
    most costly battles of the Pacific campaign
    during World War II. More than 6,000 United
    States Marines fell during the capture of the

  • It is estimated that at least 100,000 people
    died when the atomic bomb was dropped on
    Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 at least 60,000 died
    when a second bomb exploded over Nagasaki three
    days later, and on August 14 the Japanese agreed
    to surrender.

  • The war finally came to end on August 15, 1945
    when Truman accepted the Japanese surrender.
    This was known as V-J day for Victory over Japan.

  • As with World War I, many places in Europe
    were devastated after the war. This shows the
    aftermath of the war in a city in Germany.

  • Millions of soldiers and civilians were killed
    in World War II

  • The United Nations, or the UN, was officially
    brought into being in 1945. Fifty-one member
    countries approved its charter by October of that
    year. The UN has almost 200 countries now that
    work together to try to keep peace between

  • The capital of Germany, Berlin, was divided
    after WWII, with the eastern (communist) half
    controlled by the Soviet Union, and the western
    (free) half controlled by the US, UK, and France.
    In 1948, Russia announced a blockade, cutting off
    all ground access to the city of Berlin. Being
    wholly within Russian-controlled East Germany,
    West Berlin depended upon American supplies for
    its survival. Truman answered this threat by an
    airlift, which began in July 1948 and lasted
    until May 1949, at its height flying in 12,000
    tons of food, fuel and other supplies daily.

  • In the aftermath of the Berlin crisis, the
    U.S. solidified its commitment to containment of
    communism by joining with ten other western
    democracies in the creation of the North Atlantic
    Treaty Organization, NATO, on August 24, 1949

  • A map of Europe after WW II. Territory gained
    by the Soviet Union is in purple territory lost
    by Germany in dark blue and the areas occupied
    by the Allies after the war, red. During the war,
    the Allied powers had agreed only on
    unconditional surrender by Germany. Truman had
    demanded free elections in Eastern Europe, but
    Stalin refused, saying "A freely elected
    government in any of these Eastern European
    countries would be anti-Soviet, and that we
    cannot allow." Neither the U.S. nor its allies
    were willing to go to war over this, so the Iron
    Curtain (a term coined by Winston Churchill)
    divided both Germany and Europe

  • Senator Joseph R. McCarthy raised the
    anti-communist fever in a campaign of
    "red-baiting" has been known since as
    "McCarthyism." Beginning in February 1950,
    McCarthy accused many people of being communists,
    using guilt by association and documentation
    taken out of context to accuse people at all
    levels of government of communism. His
    accusations were made in the public forum of a
    committee hearing where normal courtroom
    protections for witnesses were not observed.

  • In 1945, after World War II, Korea was
    partitioned along the 38th parallel into
    communist and non-communist zones. The communist
    North, supported by the Soviet Union, invaded the
    South in 1950, and under the leadership of the
    United States the UN responded by authorizing its
    member states to aid South Korea. The war ended
    with the country of Korea staying divided into
    North South Korea.

  • The Soviet Union was Cuba's ally, sending
    missiles and other military supplies to Cuba.
    When U.S. spy planes photographed this missile
    site under construction in Cuba in October, 1962,
    Pres. John F. Kennedys advisors suggested that
    the president order a preemptive strike to
    destroy it instead, he informed Soviet premier
    Nikita Khrushchev that the U.S. had established a
    blockade against the shipment of military
    equipment to the island. From October 26 to 28,
    as the U.S.S.R.'s ships headed toward Cuba, it
    looked as if the two superpowers were on the
    brink of nuclear war. Then Khrushchev offered a
    compromise in exchange for a U.S. promise not to
    invade Cuba, he ordered the ships to return to
    Russia and agreed to the removal of the missiles
    and the crisis was averted.

  • The assassinations of Pres. John F. Kennedy in
    1963, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights
    leader, and Sen. Robert Kennedy, who was running
    for president, in 1968 shocked the nation.

  • The Vietnam War
  • American troops were withdrawn in 1973, and
    hostilities ended in 1975 after North Vietnam
    captured the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon,
    ending twelve years of warfare.

  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the
    leaders of the Civil Rights Movement. The March
    on Washington, shown here, was one of many
    peaceful protests and demonstrations working to
    get equal rights and treatment for African

  • When Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus
    seat to a white man, African Americans in
    Montgomery, Alabama boycotted the bus system,
    often walking instead. A little over a year
    later, the boycott was successful and the bus
    company stopped forcing African Americans to sit
    at the back of the bus.

  • In 1954, the Supreme Court in the Brown vs.
    Board of Education case unanimously ruled that
    segregation in public schools is

  • The NAACP's chief counsel (lawyer), Thurgood
    Marshall, won the case of Brown vs. the Board of
    Education. In 1967, he became the first
    African-American Supreme Court Justice.

  • In the postwar period, beginning in the 1950s,
    television became the world's most popular medium
    for entertainment and education.

  • On July 20, 1969, many families gathered
    around their televisions to watch American
    astronaut Neil Armstrong become the first man to
    walk on the moon. During the Cold War, the United
    States and the U.S.S.R. had been in a space
    race. A Soviet astronaut had been the first
    person in space, so the U.S. was excited to be
    the first to land on the moon.

  • The first personal computers came out in the
    late 1970s-early 1980s. Those early computers
    cost around 10,000.

  • Computers have become more and more powerful
    and prices have dropped as technology improves.
    The Internet, where many people get much of their
    information today, did not become accessible to
    most people until the 1990s.

  • The Persian Gulf War
  • In August of 1990, Saddam Hussein of Iraq
    invaded the neighboring oil-rich state of Kuwait,
    but was forced to withdraw after a military
    coalition led by the U.S. defeated Iraqs army
    with a month-long air war and a four-day ground
    campaign in January-February 1991