Unit: The Cold War Topic: Korea and Vietnam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit: The Cold War Topic: Korea and Vietnam

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Unit: The Cold War Topic: Korea and Vietnam REMINDER! Cold War DBQ Essay is due on Wednesday, March 9! Cold War Multiple Choice Test will be on Wednesday, March 9! 50 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit: The Cold War Topic: Korea and Vietnam


1
Unit The Cold War Topic Korea and Vietnam
2
REMINDER!
  • Cold War DBQ Essay is due on Wednesday, March 9!
  • Cold War Multiple Choice Test will be on
    Wednesday, March 9! 50 questions, bring a pencil!

3
1. The Korean War (1950-1953)
4
  1. After World War II, Korea was divided into
    Communist North Korea and non-Communist South
    Korea.

5
  1. North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950 to make
    one communist country.

6
  1. Under General Douglas MacArthur, UN forces came
    very close to starting WWIII by invading China
    MacArthur thought it necessary, but President
    Truman disagreed and fired him.

7
  • China was a Communist country, and the fear was
    that the Soviet Union would become involved.

8
  1. The war soon reached a stalemate nobody was
    losing, but nobody was winning, either.

9
  1. An armistice was signed in 1953 today, Korea
    remains divided at the 38th Parallel.

10
The Korean War
11
2. The Vietnam War (1964-1975)
12
  1. In 1954, Vietnam was divided into Communist North
    Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam.
  2. Ho Chi Minh controlled the North, and Ngo Dinh
    Diem controlled the South.

13
  1. Ho Chi Minh started sending forces into South
    Vietnam using parts of neutral Cambodia for the
    Ho Chi Minh Trail.

14
  1. American forces joined South Vietnam (1964-1975),
    but were unable to defeat the Communists.

15
  • The Tet Offensive started on January 31, 1968.
    More than 80,000 Communist troops struck more
    than 100 towns and cities, including Saigon,
    almost simultaneously.

16
  • In 1973, Nixon ordered a cease-fire and began to
    pull U.S. troops out of Vietnam.

17
  • Nixon established Vietnamization, or the South
    Vietnamese takeover of the war.

18
  • He also ordered a massive bombing campaign of
    neutral Cambodia to destroy the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

19
  1. The country fell to Communism in 1975 today
    there is only one Communist Vietnam.

20
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The End of the War
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