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The Age of Realism

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Title: The Age of Realism


1
The Age of Realism
  • The Literature of the Late Nineteenth Century
  • 1865-1900

2
The Age of Realism Marked by the End of
the Civil War 1861-1865
  • Cost of the Civil War
  • The Human Cost
  • 1,094,543 Casualties
  • The North lost one out of ten
  • 110,100 in battle
  • 224,580 to disease

3
The Age of Realism Marked by the End of
the Civil War 1861-1865
  • The South lost one out of four
  • 94,000 in battle
  • 64,000 to disease
  • Two percent of US population died in the Civil
    War, with only WWII claiming more lives
  • Economic Cost
  • Estimated at 6.6 billion, which would be 165
    billion today

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By the End of the Civil War
  • The Emancipation Proclamation and 13th Amendment
    had abolished slavery
  • The industrial North had defeated the agrarian
    South
  • Social order grew based on mass labor and mass
    consumption
  • Steam power replaced water power
  • Machines replaced hand labor
  • The Industrial Revolution had begun

9
The Effects of The Industrial Revolution
  • Migration from rural to urban areas
  • Independent, skilled workers replaced by
    semi-skilled laborers
  • Large corporations were established, devaluing
    the personal relationship between management and
    workers or company and customers.

10
Political Upheaval
  • Political power shifted to the laboring classes
  • Political patronage and graft caused civic
    corruption
  • The power of the federal government expanded
    during the Civil War
  • National conscription laws
  • Federal income taxes levied
  • Paper money backed by federal government rather
    than individual states issued.

11

12
Mass Communication and Migration
  • Coast-to-coast communication
  • Pony Express (1860)
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