EGYPTIAN RELIGION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 29
About This Presentation
Title:

EGYPTIAN RELIGION

Description:

EGYPTIAN RELIGION RELIGION AND THE AFTER-LIFE Ancient Egyptian Religion Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life. Egyptian religion was based on polytheism, or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:385
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: GR92
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: EGYPTIAN RELIGION


1
EGYPTIAN RELIGION
  • RELIGION AND THE AFTER-LIFE

2
Ancient Egyptian Religion
  • Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life.
  • Egyptian religion was based on polytheism, or the
    worship of many deities.
  • The Egyptians had as many as 2000 gods and
    goddesses, but only a few were worshipped by all
    Egyptians.

3
Ancient Egyptian Religion
  • Many gods and goddesses were represented as part
    human and part animal.
  • For example, Horus, the sky god, had the head of
    a hawk, and body of a human.
  • They considered animals such as the bull, the
    cat, and the crocodile to be holy.

4
Ancient Egyptian Religion
  • Their two chief gods were Amon-Ra and Osiris.
  • Amon-Ra was believed to be the sun god and the
    lord of the universe.
  • Osiris was the god of the dead and the
    necropolis.

5
Ancient Egyptian Religion
  • The Egyptian "Book of the Dead" contains the
    major ideas and beliefs in the ancient Egyptian
    religion.
  • Because their religion stressed an afterlife,
    Egyptians devoted much time and wealth to
    preparing for survival in the next world.

6
Major Gods and Goddesses
  •   Anubis
  •   Osiris
  • Ra
  • Horus
  • Hathor

7
Anubis-God of Mummification and Death
8
Osiris- God of The Underworld King of Dead
9
Ra-God of Sun Supreme Judge
10
Horus-Sky God or Falcon God
11
Hathor-Goddess of
Love, Birth, Death, Music, Pleasure
Shown as Women with horned head dress or a Cow
12
Hathor-as a cow
13
Death and Funerals
  • The Egyptians saw death as a transitional stage
    in the progress to a better life in the next
    world.
  • Egyptians were resurrectionists, they believed
    each persons soul would return to the body and
    they would live again in the afterlife.
  • Therefore, it was essential for the body to
    survive intact.

14
Mummification
  • Funerals were very expensive.
  • A person would need to
  • 1. Have a tomb carved out of solid rock.
  • 2. Gather all necessary objects to place in
    the tomb.
  • 3. Appoint their son or a priest to bring an
    offering for the deceased daily for up to one
    year.

15
Mummification
  • Mummification was a long and expensive process.
    The expense of mummification limited the full
    procedure to the very rich.
  • For the poor, a shallow grave near the desert was
    common. The dry, hot climate caused natural
    mummification to occur.
  • But all wanted to insure their journey into the
    afterlife.

16
THE TOMB
17
The Tomb in Ancient Egypt
  • The tombs were created to provide the dead with a
    place to store the necessary supplies needed in
    the journey to the afterlife.
  • Inside the tombs clothing, jewelry, food, and
    weapons were stored, all placed there as supplies
    for the afterlife.

18
A BOAT FOR THE AFTERLIFE-FROM KING TUTS TOMB
19
The Tomb in Ancient Egypt
  • In addition to the material in the tomb, the
    walls of the tomb where painted with scenes from
    every day life.
  • As shown on the next slide.

20
(No Transcript)
21
The Tomb in Ancient Egypt
  • Before the body is laid to rest, a burial mask
    would be placed over the mummified body.
  • The most famous burial mask was found the in tomb
    of King Tut (shown on next slide).

22
TUTS GOLDEN MASK
23
Journey into the After Life
  • The journey into the afterlife was a difficult
    one.
  • To help, scripts would be left with magical
    spells to help the deceased navigate through the
    afterlife.

24
Journey into the After Life
  • These scripts became known as the "Book of the
    Dead."
  • The spirit would begin it's journey by crossing a
    wide river and then pass through a gate guarded
    by monsters.

25
The Judgement-copied from Tuts Tomb
26
Journey into the After Life
  • The deceased then would have to go to the "Hall
    of Two Truths" to be judged.
  • The person would be brought before a tribunal of
    the gods and be accused of forty-two different
    crimes each charge dealing with one event in the
    dead persons life. He would have to answer the
    charges.

27
Journey into the After Life
  • After successfully answering these charges, his
    heart would be put on a scale and weighed against
    a feather.
  • If the heart is found to be lighter then the
    feather, true and without sin the person would
    be allowed into the afterlife.

28
Journey into the After Life
  • If the heart was not lighter then the feather, a
    monster with the head of a crocodile, the body
    of a lion and hippo would immediately devour
    the heart.
  • Without a heart, the person would have no memory
    or personality and no chance for eternal life.

29
Journey into the After Life
  • Egyptians believed the afterlife to be an eternal
    never-ending time of leisure no labor and
    pleasure.
  • Life there would be much better than anything on
    earth--except possible being pharaoh.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com