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The Pace of Life

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Title: The Pace of Life


1
The Pace of Life
2
Brainstorming
  • Discussion
  • What did we use to expect from technology? Has
    technology made our lives easier or more
    burdensome?
  • Do you agree with the author that all
    time-liberating techniques in relieving the
    widespread sense of time famine are doomed to
    failure?

3
Text A Text Organization
  • Part One(Paras 1-11)
  • Part Two(Paras 12-18)
  • Part Three(Paras 19-23)
  • Part Four (Paras 24-28)

4
Preface
  • on the go (infml) very active or busy.
  • - I was on the go all day and went home at
    about 10 oclock in the evening.
  • go (n.)
  • 1. an attempt or trial at sth.
  • I thought Id give it a go.
  • 2. a persons turn to use sth. or to move or
    act in a game
  • - Come on Tony, its your go.
  • 3. a project or undertaking which has been
    proved
  • - Tell them the project is a go.
  • 4. being successful in sth.
  • - Hes determined to make a go of his marriage.

5
Preface
  • Cf. on the move in the process of moving (from
    one place
  • or job to another) making progress
  • - Its difficult to contact her because shes
    always on the move.
  • The economy appeared to be on the move.
  • Science is always on the move. (??)
  • It was vacation time, and the highways were full
    of families on the move. (???????????)
  • As it was a very cold day, I kept on the move to
    stay warm.

6
Preface
  • cope deal successfully (often followed by with )
  • People who attempt suicide usually suffer from
    extreme emotional distress and feel unable to
    cope with the stress and their problems.
  • The task looks a formidable one, but I think we
    can cope.
  • In their crazy search for fulfillment, theyve
    gotten themselves into situations in which they
    are not able to cope.

7
Preface
  • set about sth. / doing sth. start doing sth,
    with vigor or determination
  • After breakfast, she set about her household
    duties.
  • The school authorities must set about finding
    solutions to the campus security problems.
  • set sb. off cause someone to start doing sth.,
    esp. laughing or talking
  • set sth. off set off a bomb cause an alarm to
    go off cause a series of things to occur set
    off a chain reaction in other financial markets.
  • set out to do aim at intend to do sth.
  • set to begin doing sth. vigorously

8
Preface
  • tangle v. twist together into a confused mass
    become involved in a conflict or fight with
  • Long hair tangles easily.
  • The wind tangled my hair.
  • I tangled with him over politics bitterly.
  • be tangled in a controversy??
  • The power failure had tangled traffic in the
    city. (????)

9
Preface
  • n.
  • - a tangle of ropes / people
  • diplomatic tangles (????)
  • His thoughts were in a tangle. (????)
  • have a tangle with sb. over sth.
  • untangle free from a tangled or twisted state
    make sth. complicated easier to deal with
  • - untangle the problem / a cable /the traffic
    jam (???????/??????)

10
Part I (Paras 1-11)
  • Main Idea
  • The author gives three reasons why we feel so
    time-pressed today.

11
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • eat into (Line 6) use up (profits, resources, or
    time), especially when they are intended for
    other purposes gradually reduce the amount of
    (sth. valuable) damage or destroy
  • His extravagances ate into his inheritances.
  • Responsibilities at home and work eat into his
    time.
  • Sales were hard hit by high interest rates eating
    into disposal income.
  • The fear has eaten into my bones. (??????)

12
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • eat sth. away or eat away at sth. (syn.)
  • Rust was eating away the pipe.
  • Inflation has eaten away at the value of some of
    their assets.(???????)
  • I never did understand what was eating away at
    her. (??)

13
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • eat sth. up use resources or time in very large
    quantities
  • an operating system that eats up 200 Mb of disk
    space
  • He ate up valuable minutes with long, dull
    answers. (??)
  • Extravagant spending ate up his savings. (??)
  • She is eating up the course in algebra.??????.

14
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • Promise (Line 11) give good grounds for
    expecting (a particular occurrence or situation)
  • The clear sky promises fine weather.
  • It promised to be a night that all present would
    long remember.
  • promising giving hope of success or good result
  • a promising future / boy (???)
  • The weather is promising. (is likely to be fine)

15
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • Deliver (Line 11) bring or hand over (a letter,
    parcel, or ordered goods) provide sth. promised
    or expected
  • struggle to deliver election commitments.
  • Shes waiting for him to deliver on his promise.

16
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • toil at / on / over / through (Line 18) work
    extremely hard or incessantly move slowly and
    with difficulty
  • toil at ones task (????)
  • toil through the night (????)
  • toil with ones hands for a living
  • toil up a hill / along the path
  • n.
  • a life of toil a hard life
  • succeed only after years of toil

17
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • multiply (Line 21) increase in number or
    quantity add a number to itself a particular
    number of times
  • The weeds just multiplied, and before long the
    garden was a jungle.
  • Fear multiplies the difficulties of life.
  • Multiply 16 by 4, to make 64. (?16??4, ?64?)
  • 6 multiplied by 3 is 18. (6 x 3 18)
  • multiply the height with the width to determine
    the area
  • multiplication sign / table??/???

18
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • multi- (pref) having many of
  • a multipolar world multiprocessing (????)
  • a multipurpose computer (????)
  • a multistage rocket (????)
  • multi-racial country

19
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • burden (Line 24) a load, typically a heavy one
    a duty or misfortune that causes hardship,
    anxiety
  • share the burden with sb.
  • burden sb. with questions/ worries / a large
    family
  • impose / lay the burden on sb.
  • shift the burden to sb.
  • alleviate / lessen / lighten the burden
  • relieve sb. of the burden
  • The room was burdened with flowers. (????)
  • The economy was further burdened by a flood of
    refugees.

20
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • time-pressed (Line 28) be pressed have barely
    enough of sth., esp. time
  • - Im terribly pressed for time. / Im
    time-pressed.
  • be pressed to do sth. have difficulty doing or
    achieving sth.
  • - They may be hard pressed to keep their
    promise.
  • press sb. to do sth / for sth. ??,????
  • press sb. into doing sth. / press sb. with
    questions
  • a world pressed by / burdened with mushrooming
    populations.

21
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • accommodate (Line 31) provide lodging or
    sufficient space for
  • Each flat can accommodate up to six people.
  • Even the most prestigious universities, such as
    Oxford and Harvard, are making their efforts to
    make their graduates accommodate to the realities
    of the job market.
  • accommodate to adapt to

22
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • proliferate (Line 35) increase rapidly in
    number produce in large quantities multiply
  • With the development of science, the
    science-fiction magazines proliferated in the
    1920s.
  • The promise of new technology proliferates
    options on every hand.

23
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • amount to (Line 41) add up to be equal to
  • Losses amounted to over 100 million dollars.
  • In 1959 the combined value of U.S. imports and
    exports amounted to less than 9 percent of the
    countrys gross domestic products.
  • Their actions amounted to a conspiracy.
  • Her standards amounted to perfection.
    (????????????)

24
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • frontier (Line 41) part of a country bordering
    on another country (fig / usu pl) extreme limit
    of an area of knowledge or a particular activity
  • armed clashes on the frontier between the two
    countries
  • Our passports were inspected at the Czech
    frontier.
  • To open up the space frontier, NASA will try to
    lower the cost of access to Earth orbit.
  • The frontiers of medical knowledge are being
    pushed farther outwards every year. (????)
  • adj. a frontier zone / town / dispute / trade

25
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • border (land near the) line dividing two states
    or countries
  • a border town / incident
  • As the river changed its course, the border
    changed.
  • v.
  • - The park borders on the shores of the lake. (
    be next to)
  • boundary line that marks a limit dividing line
    (fig)
  • This river forms a boundary between China and
    DPRK.
  • A boundary dispute is a quarrel about where a
    boundary should be.
  • If something is beyond the boundary of human
    knowledge, man can know nothing about it

26
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • stress (Line 42) pressure or worry resulting
    from mental or physical distress, difficult
    circumstances
  • Not all of us can cope with the stresses of
    modern life.
  • Population growth and pollution place enormous
    stress on the worlds supply of usable water.
  • v.
  • - A person who is stressed typically has
    anxious thoughts and difficulty concentrating or
    remembering.
  • stress the point / need for sth. attach
    importance to sth.
  • stress / tension / nervousness see Page 210 Ex.
    II

27
Part I (Paras 1-7)
  • drive (Line 44) urge or force sb. to move in a
  • specified direction or act in a particular
    way
  • be driven (of a fact or feeling) compel
    (someone)
  • to act in a particular way.
  • Youre driving yourself too hard. (You are
    pressing too hard.)
  • He drove himself working until late at night.
  • He was driven by ambition.

28
Part I. (Paras 1-11)
  • abundance (Line 46) quantity that is more than
    enough plenty
  • Most milk consists of an abundance of the major
    nutrients needed by the body for good health.
  • She was blessed with talent and charm in
    abundance.
  • food and drink in abundance
  • live in abundance

29
Part I (Paras 1-11)
  • oblige (Line 45) do sth. for sb. as a favor or a
    small service (oblige sb. with sth. / by doing
    sth.)
  • Will you oblige me by closing the windows?
  • Tell me what you want to know and Ill see if I
    can oblige.
  • If you can give me a few minutes of your time
    Ill be much obliged. (grateful)
  • repay an obligation n. ????

30
Part II (Paras 12-18)
  • Main Idea
  • Not every one is time-stressed, and in the
    case of Americans they have actually gained more
    free time in the past decade.

31
Part II (Paras 12-18)
  • shorthand (Line 48) a short or simple way of
    expressing or referring to sth.
  • - Poetry for him is simply a shorthand for
    literature.

32
Part II (Paras 12-18)
  • (Line 53) peripherally involved in the economy
    not fully involved in / not fully employed
  • a peripheral member of a group???
  • peripheral provinces????

33
Part II (Paras 12-18)
  • perception (Line 67) ability to notice and
    understand things way of seeing or understanding
    sth. intuitive understanding or insight
  • color perception
  • a vague perception of ?????/??
  • a man of perception?????
  • v. perceive
  • - Do you perceive what I mean?

34
Part II (Paras 12-18)
  • nurture (Line 76) care for and encourage the
    growth and development of cherish (a hope,
    belief, or ambition) nourish
  • His father nurtured his love of art.
  • For a long time she has nurtured the dream of
    buying a shop.
  • nurture resentment ??????
  • nurture connections with sb. ??????
  • n. (often contrasted with nature) nature and
    nurture?????

35
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • Main Idea
  • The perception of time-famine has triggered a
    variety of reactions.

36
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • Inequalities apart (Line 84) apart from
    inequalities
  • - See Page 213 Structure Ex. I

37
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • famine (Line 84) extreme scarcity of food a
    shortage
  • a severe famine / reduce the threat of famine
    / die of famine
  • a water famine / the cotton famine of the 1860s
  • Drought could result in famine throughout the
    region.

38
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • starve suffer severely or die from hunger
  • They got lost in the desert and starved to death.
  • starve sb. out (of a place) / into a specified
    state
  • I dont know about you, but Im starving.
    (be eager to do )
  • The plant was starved of light. (be in need
    of light)
  • The motherless children are starving for
    affection.
  • The patients brain was starved for oxygen.
  • n. starvation

39
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • provoke (Line 85) stimulate or give rise to (a
    reaction or emotion, typically a strong or
    unwelcome
  • one) deliberately make (sb.) annoyed or
    angry
  • provoke general rage / press interest / a storm
    of protest
  • They argued that NATO enlargement could provoke
    Russian hostility and lead to regional
    instability.
  • His rudeness provoked me to strike him.
  • He tried to provoke them into fight.

40
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • adj. provoking
  • anxiety-provoking situations
  • a thought-provoking question
  • n. provocation

41
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • gratify (Line 87) give pleasure or satisfaction
  • Beauty gratifies the eye.?????
  • I was gratified to see the result.
  • The result is gratifying to me. (gratifying
    result)
  • It was gratifying to know of the success of our
    efforts.
  • n. gratification
  • - It was a gratification to know that

42
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • streamline (Line 94) design or provide with a
    form that presents very little resistance to a
    flow of air or water, increasing speed and ease
    of movement make (an organization or system)
    more efficient by employing faster or simpler
    working methods.
  • streamline the finance department
  • streamline the decision-making process
  • Passenger trains are streamlined for speed.
  • Corporate mergers can result in job losses
    because management combines and streamlines
    departments within the newly merged companies.

43
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • growth market (Line 95) ?????/???????
  • - growth shares/ company/ industry / area???
    /??????? / ?? / ??

44
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • domestic (Line 96) of the home, household of
    family (of a person) fond of family life (of a
    animal) tame and kept by humans of or in side a
    particular country
  • domestic appliances / chores / dogs / affairs /
    science home economics
  • Her second marriage has made her very domestic
  • n. domestics
  • After Chinas entry into WTO, the competition
    between domestics and foreign imports has been
    growing increasingly fierce.

45
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • spring up (Line 101) appear, develop, grow, etc.
    quickly or suddenly
  • New professional training schools sprang up all
    over the country.
  • Madness and creativity could spring from the same
    source. (originate / arise from)

46
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • futile (Line 106) incapable of producing any
    useful result pointless
  • a futile / vain attempt to keep fans from
    mounting the stage
  • It was futile / useless / pointless to continue
    the negotiations.

47
Part III (Paras 19-23)
  • divert (Line 106) cause sb. or sth. to change
    turn from one direction to another distract
    sb.s attention from sth.
  • The dam will divert the flow of river water into
    the canal.
  • Money set aside for development was being
    diverted to finance the famine relief operations.
  • divert ones interest from sth.
  • n. diversion

48
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • Main Idea
  • The author pins down the crux of the problem
    and puts forward a remedy for the stress we feel.

49
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • cram (Line 108) completely fill a place or a
    container enter a place or space that seems too
    small




  • They all crammed into the car.
  • The restaurant was crammed with people.
    (crowded)
  • He is cramming facts and dates for his history
    exam.
  • cram the clothes into a suitcase
  • cram one pupils?????

50
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • evade (Line 113) escape or avoid, especially by
    guile or trickery ????????????
  • evade military service / an attack / (paying)
    taxes
  • Tom tried to catch her arm but she evaded him.
  • Evade the question by changing the subject
  • Adj. be accused of being evasive

51
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • avoid ????,try not to get close to sth. / sb.
    dangerous or sth. / sb. you dont want to meet
  • escape ??,??,??????????
  • I have to avoid the landlady until I pay the rent
    for the house.
  • Nothing escaped her sharp eyes.

52
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • confine (Line 115) n. (confines) the borders or
    boundaries of a place, especially with regard to
    their restricting freedom or movement.
  • the confines of a country ?????
  • Within the confines of the hall escape was
    impossible.
  • This is outside the confines of the human
    knowledge. (figurative)
  • V.
  • be confined to ones bed / a wheelchair
  • confine oneself to the topic / the subject
  • They succeeded in confining the fire to a small
    area.

53
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • doom (Line 129) n. death, destruction and some
    other terrible fate
  • His doom was to be poverty. ????
  • He met (went to) his doom in the battle. ??????
  • v. be doomed to sth / to do sth. (sth.) be
    certain to happen, and you can do nothing to
    prevent it.
  • The whole project was doomed to failure / fail.
  • His crippled leg doomed him to unemployment.
  • He was doomed to spend the rest of his life in a
    wheelchair.

54
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • Cf. destiny n. the events that will necessarily
    happen to a person or thing in the future the
    hidden power believed to control what will happen
    in the future ?????,???????????,?????????,
    ???????
  • believe in destiny
  • V. be destined for sth. / to sth. / to do sth.
  • She could see that she was destined for stardom /
    great things.
  • The land is destined for a new hospital.
    (intended for a particular use)

55
Part IV (Paras 24-28)
  • Cf. fate ???????????,??????????????????????
  • It was the great mans destiny to lead his
    country to freedom.
  • He expected to spend his life in Italy but fate
    had decided otherwise. (unchangeable)

56
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • Ive been ________since eight oclock this
    morning, preparing my presentation for tomorrows
    class.
  • It would be better to admit the problem openly
    and _________ tackling it.
  • 3. The boys got into a _______ over the rules of
    the games.
  • All these car expenses are ________our savings.
  • 5. The forthcoming concerts _________ a feast of
    music from around the world.

57
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 6. Some famous private schools are theoretically
    open to the public, but _______ are attended by
    those who can afford the fees.
  • 7. The wealth of industrial society could only
    come from the ______ of the masses.
  • 8. Cigarette smoking combining with irregular
    life will _______the risks of lung cancer.
  • 9. Some people argue that globalization will
    bring the______so far enjoyed only by wealthy
    industrialized nations to the developing
    countries.

58
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 10. The black miners in South African used to
    earn only _________ the wages paid to white
    miners doing the equivalent work.
  • 11. These tropical islands boast a(n) _______ of
    wildlife, so they are always the zoologists
    first choice.
  • 12. Parents want to know the best way to _______
    and raise their child to adulthood.
  • 13. We need to find ways to ______ the office
    routine.
  • 14. Peoples concern over generically modified
    food has _______ a global debate that shows no
    ending soon.

59
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 15. Police and hospital records indicate that the
    majority of victims of __________violence are
    women.
  • 16. The would is facing the prospect of water
    _________caused by population growth, uneven
    distribution of water, pollution, and other
    factors.
  • 17. The tour group is _____ to the planned
    activity.
  • 18. People are now ordering and purchasing
    virtually anything over the Internet. Books,
    compact disks, even sticks are available from
    websites that seem to _______ almost daily.

60
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 19. I knew it was ________ to try and persuade
    her once she had made the decision.
  • 20. Wisdom consists in learning when to ________
    and when to oppose head-on.

61
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 21. In Chinese teaching, teachers often _____
    facts down the childrens throats.
  • A. insert B. burden C. pour
    D. cram
  • 22. Ive been _____ since eight oclock this
    morning, preparing my presentation for tomorrows
    class.
  • A. on the movement B. on the action
  • C. in the procedure D. on the go
  • 23. The forthcoming concerts ____ a feast of
    music from around the world.
  • A. promote B. advocate
  • C. provoke D. promise

62
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 24. Cigarette smoking combining with irregular
    life will ____________ the risks of lung cancer.
  • A. double B. multiply C. expand D. add
  • 25. People are now ordering and purchasing
    virtually anything over the Internet. books,
    compact disks, even sticks are available from
    websites that seem to _______ almost daily.
  • A. spring up B. go in
    existence
  • C. strike up D. spring up
    come round
  • 26. Its a question of whether the city can ____
    on that potential.
  • A. fulfill B. proliferate C. deliver
    D. favor

63
EXERCISE for Unit 6
  • 27. The President seemed willing to _____ himself
    to Senate desires.
  • A. divert B. devote C. accommodate
    D. oblige
  • 28. The ______ of medical knowledge are being
    pushed farther outwards every year.
  • A. frontiers B. borders C. areas
    D. fields
  • 29. The secretary took down in _______ what was
    said.
  • A. shortage B.
    shorthand
  • C. summary D.
    conclusion
  • 30. Increasing the powers of ________ is one
    part of school education.
  • A. knowledge B. ability C. diversion D.
    perception

64
Key to Ex. for Unit 6
  • on the go 2. set about 3. tangle
  • eating into 5. promise 6. in reality
  • toil 8. multiply 9. prosperity
  • 10. a fraction of 11. abundance
  • 12. nurture 13. streamlining 14. provoked
  • 15. domestic 16. shortages 17. confined
  • 18. Spring up 19. futile 20. evade

65
Key to Ex. for Unit 6
  • 21 to 30
  • DDDBA CCABD
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