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GLOBAL BENEFITS: INTERNET OF THINGS

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Title: Collins C. Kachaka Director ICTs University of Zambia email: collinschi_at_gmail.com Author: Mr Kachaka Last modified by: Mr Kachaka Created Date – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GLOBAL BENEFITS: INTERNET OF THINGS


1
GLOBAL BENEFITS INTERNET OF THINGS
2
Collins C. Kachaka collinschi_at_gmail.com
3
Presentation Outline
  • Definition Internet of Things
  • IoT Types of Connectivity
  • Global Applications of IoT
  • Challenges

4
The Internet of Things
  • Definition
  • Have you ever heard of a talking fridge? OR A
    bed that wakes you up to go and bath? A Vehicle
    that tells you the best route to use to avoid
    traffic, low pressure in tyres, over-speeding etc
  • Do you know that you can control Electricity and
    Water usage from your House remotely ?
  • Do you know you can monitor the Heart Condition,
    BP and Sugar levels of your old Mum in the
    Village remotely?
  • One of the promises of the Internet of Things
    (IoT) is that everything should talk to
    everything else. These talkative things include
    sensors, consumer appliances, home automation
    systems, and even connected vehicles.

5
Dan 12 4 But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words,
and seal the book, even to the time of the end
many shall run to and fro, and KNOWLEDGE SHALL BE
INCREASED.
6
Internet of Things Definitions
7
  • According to Gartner, the Internet of things is
    the "network of physical objects that contain
    embedded technology to communicate and sense or
    interact with their internal states or the
    external environment.
  • The IERC, defines Internet of Things as a
    dynamic global network infrastructure with
    self-configuring capabilities based on standard
    and inter-operable communication protocols where
    physical and virtual things have identities,
    physical attributes, and virtual personalities
    and use intelligent interfaces, and are
    seamlessly integrated into the information
    network.

8
Internet of Things
A global infrastructure for the information
society enabling advanced services by
interconnecting things based on existing and
evolving, interoperable information and
communication technologies. Source ITU
Study Group 13
Things Physical Virtual Worlds Connection
9
  • A THING, is an object of the physical world
  • (physical things) or of the information world
    (virtual things), which is capable of being
    identified and integrated into communication
    networks.
  • A THING, in the Internet of Things, can be a
    person with a heart monitor implant, a farm
    animal with a BIOCHIP TRANSPONDER, an automobile
    that has built-in SENSORS to alert the driver
    when tire pressure is low -- or any other natural
    or man-made object that can be assigned an IP
    ADDRESS and provided with the ability to transfer
    data over a network.

10
  • DEVICE a piece of equipment with the mandatory
    capabilities of communication and the optional
    capabilities of sensing, actuation, data capture,
    data storage and data processing. Usually the
    Device provides the intelligence needed to work
    meaningfully with the data provided by the
    attached Sensor. Device transforms the data from
    simple bits and bytes to useful information (the
    combination of data plus context equals
    Information). E.g. Sensors Actuators

11
SENSOR An electronic device that senses a
physical condition or chemical compound and
delivers an electronic signal proportional to the
observed characteristic. Sensors detect or
measure a physical property and convert it into
some kind of electronic representation. Sensors
may be Passive or Active. Sensors are
inexpensive, can be integrated into different
objects, are power efficient, and has wireless
connectivity. Sensors of all kinds are needed
physical, chemical and biochemical.
Actuator A device that triggers a physical
action following stimulation by an input signal
Source ITU
Study Group 13
12
TOPOLOGY - Internet of Things
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Technologies Used
Sensor
Smart Tech
Nano Tech
RFID
To identify and track the data of things
To collect and process the data to detect the
changes in the physical status of things
To enhance the power of the network by devolving
processing capabilities to different part of the
network.
To make the smaller and smaller things have the
ability to connect and interact.
14
Internet of Things TYPES OF CONNECTIONS
15
ALREADY ACHIEVED
FOCUS IS HERE
16
TYPES OF CONNECTIONS P2M M2M P2P
17
WHAT ARE THE GLOBAL BENEFITS OF THE INTERNET
OF THINGS ?
18
AFFECTS ALL SECTORS OF THE ECONOMY Agriculture
Education Mining
Health Tourism
Local Government Manufacturing
Transportation etc Reliable Data for
Planning Interventions
GOVERNMENTS
AFFECTS ALL SERVICES TO THE SOCIETY Garbage
Collection Crowd Management Disease
Epidemics Purchase of
Goods/Services Water Management
Electricity Management etc
SOCIETIES
AFFECTS EVERY ASPECT OF LIFE Time
Management Quick Transactions Personal Security
Quick Movements to meet daily Business goals etc
INDIVIDUALS
19
AGRICULTURE
20
The Internet of Things
IoT in Agriculture
  • Systems are now able to monitor environmental
    parameters such as ambient temperature and
    humidity.
  • Systems have also been developed with sensor
    systems that access other parameters related to
    agriculture such as precipitation, wind or leaf
    wetness.
  • This automation can save upto 80 of the water
    used for irrigation

Some of these nodes get data from the
environmental sensors to be able to create the
statistical prediction models Other nodes control
the irrigation system and air conditioning system
in the wine cellar. Traceability of the grape is
controlled by other nodes using RFID
technology. Powered by a lithium battery that is
recharged by a solar panel, making the nodes
autonomous.
21
The Internet of Things
IoT in Agriculture
1) Productivity - Today, its more critical than
ever to maximize yields from every acre of land
dedicated to food production. Wireless,
cloud-connected systems aid in this crop yield
maximization, automating everyday agriculture
operations and providing real-time monitoring and
data analysis for smart decision making,
day-to-day and season-to-season. 2) Pest Control
- Wireless sensor networks like that of Semios
monitor pest counts, and when it detects that the
pest population is too high, its metered
pheromone delivery system automatically activates
and disrupts the mating patterns of pests. This
minimizes, and in some cases completely replaces,
pesticide use. 3) Conservation - With embedded
wireless devices and soil monitoring systems like
that of Smart Watering Systems and Observant,
farmers can measure moisture, detect leaks and
more efficiently manage energy usage, all in
real-time.
22
BETTER AND EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF COWS Easy
location of Stolen cows, Easy Disease Management
etc
23
HEALTH
24
IoT and Medical Applications
REMOTE PATIENT MANAGEMENT Manage Patient
remotely by MONITORING his condition. This helps
the Doctor to make quick decisions to save life.
The Doctor can monitor Heart Condition,
Respiration rate, BP, Blood sugar, Pulse etc.
Monitor an aging family member Using a wearable
alarm button and other discrete wireless sensors
placed around the home chairs, mattress,
door-posts, TV etc the BeClose system can track
your loved one's daily activities. Useful for
Elderly people thus giving you peace of mind for
their safety. Their normal routine will be known.
If they are sleeping TOO LONG, then you know
there is a problem

Stay out of the doctor's office Intended for
individuals with cardiac arrhythmias the
BodyGuardian is an FDA cleared wearable sensor
system that can remotely read a patients
biometrics (ECG, heart rate, respiration rate and
activity Level), sending the data to the patients
physician and allowing users to go about their
daily lives outside of a clinical setting.
25
TOURISM Easy location of desired
animals for Tourists to see during certain
seasons. Tourists dont visit our Countries
during certain seasons because animals are very
far Due to migration.
Endangered Species Monitoring You can determine
actual location of animal species. ARREST
POACHING
26
Monitoring Deforestation and Tree
Conservation When logs are cut and as soon
as the logged trees are in transit and able to
connect to a mobile network, an alert
notification with location coordinates is sent to
the Authorities and ACTION IS
TAKEN. Immediately you start cutting the TREE,
it sends a message and FOREST RANGERS will Rush
there
27
CRIMINAL MANAGEMENT Monitoring activities of
Dangerous Criminals ESPECIALLY after they are
released from Police custody. This is important
esp In the wake of RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM
28
SMART CITIES
29
BUSY CITY PARKING SPACE You can easily find
Parking slot without Headache
Electricity Conservation Provides only enough
STREET lighting depending on time of the day,
Weather Conditions and Season
Easy GARBAGE Collection The BIN alerts the
City Council when it is ready to be emptied
30
SECURE GATES, DOORS WALL FENCES These alerts
the Police when an intruder comes. They provide
location of house
Contact-less Payment System for BUSY
Supermarkets Provides swift transactions and
avoids QUEUES.
31
The Internet of Things
Scenario shopping
(2) When shopping in the market, the goods will
introduce themselves.
(1) When entering the doors, scanners will
identify the tags on her clothing.
(4) When paying for the goods, the microchip of
the credit card will communicate with checkout
reader.
(3) When moving the goods, the reader will tell
the staff to put a new one.
32
The Internet of Things
Enable Innovation Business Process
Re-Engineering Businesses that learn and adapt
will continue to thrive. When you can see trends
as they emerge, your business will be better able
to respond to opportunities and threats. By
monitoring and analyzing data from multiple
sources in real time, you can enable your
business to innovate and make the most out of the
situation. Transform your business Data is
only ones and zeros until you turn it into
insights and business impact. When you leverage
the data from your asset monitoring and use
advanced data analytics to enhance
decision-making and innovation, you can see the
potential to transform your business by creating
new business models and revenue streams through
data insights.
33
The Internet of Things
IoT in Business
Asset Tracking Using GPS Tracker, Manage,
Location tracking, geofencing, motion detection,
Supplier/workforce management
Smart Vending Telemetry device ManageSales
recording, stock management, maintenance, ERP,
Workforce Management, PayPal
Remote Maintenance Connect to Industrial modem
Manage, Maintenance cycles, usage data, faults
CRM system, service level monitoring
34
Internet of Things
  • SMART HOUSE/HOME

35
LUNAS POLYESTER MATTRESS
Embedded in its layers are a multitude of
sensors to detect motion, heart rate and
breathing rate throughout the night, as well as
ambient light levels, noise levels, and
temperature in the room. These parameters can be
accessed through your Computer even remotely.
HOW DOES THIS AFFECT MARRIAGES?
36
  • Alerts you when food stocks run low
  • You can monitor food waste
  • Tell you if youre eating health foods
  • Monitors food expenses

SMART FRIDGE
37
IoT in Homes
Manage Home Lighting Provide enough light based
on Weather conditions. Helps you to save energy
and save reduce your Bills
Make sure the OVEN is off Remotely Smart outlets
like the WeMo allow you to instantly turn on and
off any plugged in device from across the world
or just your living room. Save money and conserve
energy over time by eliminating standby power,
measure and record the power usage of any device,
and increase its operating lifespan through more
efficient use and scheduling.
Track down those lost keys You can easily track
down those lost keys or cell phone in your house
using Bluetooth and other wireless technology
devices like the Cobra Tag..
38
The Internet of Things
IoT in Homes
Light your home in new ways Web enabled lights
like the Phillip's Hue can be used as an ambient
data displays (Glow red when my bus is 5 minutes
away). These multi-functional lights can also
help you to reduce electricity use (automatically
turn off the lights when no one is in a room) or
help to secure your home while you are away by
turning your lights on and off
. .
Keep your plants alive Whether taking care of a
small hydroponic system or a large backyard lawn,
systems like HarvestGeek with their suite of
sensors and web connectivity help save you time
and resources by keeping plants fed based on
their actual growing needs and conditions while
automating much of the labour processes.
39
CHALLENGES
Religious beliefs Culture
Traditions Ethics and Privacy Technological
Challenges Regulatory Challenges Legislation
Challenges
40
THE END
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