Religious%20Morality - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Religious%20Morality

Description:

Religious Morality The interpretation of sacred writings guided by faith, tradition and/or reason. MORALITY IN THE MODERN WORLD Area 1: The Relationship between ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:139
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: Wyro9
Learn more at: http://rmps.pbworks.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Religious%20Morality


1
Religious Morality
  • The interpretation of sacred writings guided by
    faith, tradition and/or reason.

2
MORALITY IN THE MODERN WORLD
  • Area 1 The Relationship between Religion and
    Moral Values
  • Introduction (pp. 1-7)
  • The Euthyphro Dilemma Are actions good simply
    because the gods command them or do the gods
    command certain actions because they are good?
  • Religious Morality (pp. 8-21)
  • Moral values are grounded in religious belief
  • The interpretation of sacred writings guided by
    faith, tradition and/or reason
  • Utilitarian Ethics (pp. 29-33)
  • Act and Rule utilitarianism
  • Principle of the greatest good
  • Kantian Ethics (pp. 34-37)
  • Categorical imperative
  • Universal maxim
  • Respect of persons

3
End of
  • Aim to pick out the key points yourself
  • Your heading can be
  • Introduction
  • Inerrancy
  • Christian Scripture
  • Buddhist Scripture
  • Viewpoints Independent of Religious Belief

4
Introduction
  • There are many scriptures that religious people
    believe come from God(s).
  • These scriptures also tell followers what is
    right and what is wrong.
  • Many religious people disagree with each other
    because they feel that their scripture is divine.
  • As well as this there are many different
    interpretations of these scriptures within a
    religion.

5
Inerrancy
  • This means to what extent the scriptures could be
    said to be TRUE (or inerrant).
  • Traditionalists/Literalists the scripture is
    completely true with no errors.
  • Conservatives the scripture is mostly true but
    there are some factual errors.
  • Liberalists the scriptures are not to be seen as
    fact books. The lessons and meaning of the
    stories are the important thing.

6
Christian Scripture
  • Some Christians believe that the scriptures (OT
    NT) were sent directly from God to those who
    wrote them down.
  • Other Christians think that they should be seen
    as a general guide to how to live and that some
    parts of the Bible are more important than
    others.

7
Christian Scripture 2
  • Some Christians worry about how scriptures are
    used should you take it all as a whole or pick
    bits out?
  • Other Christians say that the Bible can be
    interpreted in many ways and they are meant to be
    understood in the context of the time, place and
    situation in which they were written.

8
Christian Scripture 3
  • Christian Scripture were written a long time ago
    (Bronze Age) when many issues could not have even
    been imagined.
  • This means Christians try to match up teachings
    to fit with modern dilemmas.
  • This will still leave you having to work a few
    things out for yourself.

9
Christian Scripture 4
  • The Guide / Unchangeable Set of Laws debate.
  • Jesus stuck to the laws of the Hebrew bible (OT),
    but also bend the laws when he felt it made
    sense to do so.
  • Also, whats in Christian scriptures and what is
    not isnt agreed on by all Christians.

10
Christian Scripture 5
  • To resolve this many Christians use scripture but
    also compare it with their reason and check with
    their religious leaders or other Christians.

11
Buddhist Scripture
  • There are many Buddhist scriptures, so there are
    some of the same problems here too.
  • Some scriptures contain sayings of the Buddha
    memories of his followers stories about what he
    did when he was alive (or in previous rebirths)
    and writings of Buddhist teachers or leaders.

12
Buddhist Scripture 2
  • When trying to interpret the scriptures Buddhists
    have the same problems as Christians what did
    they originally mean and how can you link them to
    modern scenarios?
  • Buddhists also disagree about what counts as
    sacred scripture.

13
Buddhist Scripture 3
  • For Buddhists there is an added problem the
    scriptures are only to be seen as a guide.
  • A key factor in Buddhism is working things out
    for yourself by putting its teachings into
    practice.

14
Buddhist Scripture 4
  • There are some Buddhists who dont read any
    scripture for them being a Buddhist is all about
    learning whats right and wrong for yourself,
    maybe with the help of a teacher or through
    meditation and reflection.

15
Viewpoints Independent of Religious Belief
  • No sacred scriptures! No god(s)!
  • There are written texts which act as a starting
    point to help people make decisions about right
    and wrong.
  • For example, Utilitarians refer to the works of
    Bentham and Mill.

16
Viewpoints Independent of Religious Belief 2
  • Documents like the United Nations Declaration of
    Human Rights can give people a start in moral
    decision-making.
  • Remember though theres no need to follow
    anything thats written and no writing can ever
    take the place of personal choice about morality.

17
Viewpoints Independent of Religious Belief 3
  • Non-religious might use written sources to help
    them make moral decisions, its just that these
    sources are in no way seen as sacred (this is not
    to say they are thought of less importantly).

18
Viewpoints Independent of Religious Belief 4
  • the peoples of the United Nations have in the
    Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental
    human rights, in the dignity and worth of the
    human person and in the equal rights of men and
    women and have determined to promote social
    progress and better standards of life in larger
    freedom.
  • UN Declaration of Human Rights

19
How do you do?
  • Peer assessment- Notes swap.
  • Work together.
  • Fill in any gaps.
  • Take a note of questions for me to answer.

20
MORALITY IN THE MODERN WORLD
  • Area 1 The Relationship between Religion and
    Moral Values
  • Introduction (pp. 1-7)
  • The Euthyphro Dilemma Are actions good simply
    because the gods command them or do the gods
    command certain actions because they are good?
  • Religious Morality (pp. 8-21)
  • Moral values are grounded in religious belief
  • The interpretation of sacred writings guided by
    faith, tradition and/or reason
  • Utilitarian Ethics (pp. 29-33)
  • Act and Rule utilitarianism
  • Principle of the greatest good
  • Kantian Ethics (pp. 34-37)
  • Categorical imperative
  • Universal maxim
  • Respect of persons

21
The challenge of moral autonomy what do you
think?
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vv_HRU_7XBS0feature
    related
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vbWt8a1aMkZ4feature
    PlayListp3A0F4087B3F34E14playnext1playnext_f
    romPLindex16
About PowerShow.com